kana

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English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Japanese 仮名(かな) (kana, phonetic character, literally “borrowed character”, from the way that kana were originally Chinese characters "borrowed" for their phonetic values).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkɑːnə/, [ˈkʰɑːnə]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɑːnə

Noun[edit]

kana (plural kana or kanas)

  1. The hiragana and katakana syllabaries. These are made up of characters that represent individual syllables, which are used to write Japanese words and particles. Kana are derived from kanji.
  2. A hiragana or katakana character.

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Apalaí[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Cariban *kana (fish).

Noun[edit]

kana

  1. fish

Atong (India)[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kana (Bengali script কানা)

  1. blind person

References[edit]

Balinese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

kana

  1. Romanization of ᬓᬦ
  2. Romanization of ᬓᬦᬵ

Big Nambas[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

kana

  1. I

References[edit]

Breton[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Breton canaff, from Proto-Brythonic *kėnɨd (compare Welsh canu), from Proto-Celtic *kaneti (to sing) (compare Irish canadh), from Proto-Indo-European *keh₂n-.

Verb[edit]

kana

  1. to sing

Mutation[edit]

Chuukese[edit]

Determiner[edit]

kana

  1. (possessive subject marker) those

Related terms[edit]

Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

kana

  1. masculine singular present transgressive of kanout

Estonian[edit]

Kana.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *kana, from Proto-Germanic *hanô. Cognates include Finnish kana.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkɑnɑ/, [ˈkɑnɑ]
  • Hyphenation: ka‧na
  • Rhymes: -ɑnɑ

Noun[edit]

kana (genitive kana, partitive kana)

  1. chicken
  2. (specifically) hen

Declension[edit]

Declension of kana (ÕS type 17u/sõna, no gradation)
singular plural
nominative kana kanad
accusative nom.
gen. kana
genitive kanade
partitive kana kanu
kanasid
illative kanna
kanasse
kanadesse
kanusse
inessive kanas kanades
kanus
elative kanast kanadest
kanust
allative kanale kanadele
kanule
adessive kanal kanadel
kanul
ablative kanalt kanadelt
kanult
translative kanaks kanadeks
kanuks
terminative kanani kanadeni
essive kanana kanadena
abessive kanata kanadeta
comitative kanaga kanadega

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Fijian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Central-Pacific *kani, from Proto-Oceanic *kani, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *kaən, from Proto-Austronesian *kaən.

Verb[edit]

kana

  1. to eat (consume)

Noun[edit]

kana

  1. meal

Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *kana, borrowed from Proto-Germanic *hanô (rooster, cock),[1] from Proto-Indo-European *keh₂n- (to sing). Cognates include Estonian kana, English hen.

Noun[edit]

kana

  1. chicken (domestic fowl of species Gallus gallus, Gallus domesticus)
    Synonyms: kaakattaja, munija, (collective) siipikarja
    kanalintugallinaceous bird
    1. chicken (meat from this bird eaten as food)
      Synonym: kananliha
  2. hen (female chicken)
  3. hen (female of other bird species, particularly a sexually mature female fowl)
  4. (derogatory) An unintelligent, talkative woman.
    Synonym: kanamainen nainen
  5. (archaic) woman, sweetheart
    Synonyms: (archaic) kulta, rakastajatar, vaimo, nainen
    • 1835, Elias Lönnrot, Kalevala:
      Sanoi Pohjolan emäntä, itse lausui, noin nimesi:/ Kummallenp’ on mielit mennä, kun tulevat tahtomahan/ ikuiseksi ystäväksi, kainaloiseksi kanaksi?
      Said the mistress of Pohjola, stated herself, thus worded:/ To which one do you want to go, when they come to woo you/ to be their eternal friend, a chicken under their arm?
Usage notes[edit]

The word kana usually refers to a mature bird. The Finnish translation for "chicken" in the sense "young hen" is kananpoika or broileri.

Declension[edit]
Inflection of kana (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative kana kanat
genitive kanan kanojen
partitive kanaa kanoja
illative kanaan kanoihin
singular plural
nominative kana kanat
accusative nom. kana kanat
gen. kanan
genitive kanan kanojen
kanainrare
partitive kanaa kanoja
inessive kanassa kanoissa
elative kanasta kanoista
illative kanaan kanoihin
adessive kanalla kanoilla
ablative kanalta kanoilta
allative kanalle kanoille
essive kanana kanoina
translative kanaksi kanoiksi
abessive kanatta kanoitta
instructive kanoin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of kana (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative kanani kanani
accusative nom. kanani kanani
gen. kanani
genitive kanani kanojeni
kanainirare
partitive kanaani kanojani
inessive kanassani kanoissani
elative kanastani kanoistani
illative kanaani kanoihini
adessive kanallani kanoillani
ablative kanaltani kanoiltani
allative kanalleni kanoilleni
essive kananani kanoinani
translative kanakseni kanoikseni
abessive kanattani kanoittani
instructive
comitative kanoineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative kanasi kanasi
accusative nom. kanasi kanasi
gen. kanasi
genitive kanasi kanojesi
kanaisirare
partitive kanaasi kanojasi
inessive kanassasi kanoissasi
elative kanastasi kanoistasi
illative kanaasi kanoihisi
adessive kanallasi kanoillasi
ablative kanaltasi kanoiltasi
allative kanallesi kanoillesi
essive kananasi kanoinasi
translative kanaksesi kanoiksesi
abessive kanattasi kanoittasi
instructive
comitative kanoinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative kanamme kanamme
accusative nom. kanamme kanamme
gen. kanamme
genitive kanamme kanojemme
kanaimmerare
partitive kanaamme kanojamme
inessive kanassamme kanoissamme
elative kanastamme kanoistamme
illative kanaamme kanoihimme
adessive kanallamme kanoillamme
ablative kanaltamme kanoiltamme
allative kanallemme kanoillemme
essive kananamme kanoinamme
translative kanaksemme kanoiksemme
abessive kanattamme kanoittamme
instructive
comitative kanoinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative kananne kananne
accusative nom. kananne kananne
gen. kananne
genitive kananne kanojenne
kanainnerare
partitive kanaanne kanojanne
inessive kanassanne kanoissanne
elative kanastanne kanoistanne
illative kanaanne kanoihinne
adessive kanallanne kanoillanne
ablative kanaltanne kanoiltanne
allative kanallenne kanoillenne
essive kanananne kanoinanne
translative kanaksenne kanoiksenne
abessive kanattanne kanoittanne
instructive
comitative kanoinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative kanansa kanansa
accusative nom. kanansa kanansa
gen. kanansa
genitive kanansa kanojensa
kanainsarare
partitive kanaansa kanojaan
kanojansa
inessive kanassaan
kanassansa
kanoissaan
kanoissansa
elative kanastaan
kanastansa
kanoistaan
kanoistansa
illative kanaansa kanoihinsa
adessive kanallaan
kanallansa
kanoillaan
kanoillansa
ablative kanaltaan
kanaltansa
kanoiltaan
kanoiltansa
allative kanalleen
kanallensa
kanoilleen
kanoillensa
essive kananaan
kananansa
kanoinaan
kanoinansa
translative kanakseen
kanaksensa
kanoikseen
kanoiksensa
abessive kanattaan
kanattansa
kanoittaan
kanoittansa
instructive
comitative kanoineen
kanoinensa
Derived terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Junttila, Santeri; Kallio, Petri; Holopainen, Sampsa; Kuokkala, Juha; Pystynen, Juho, editors (2020–), “kana”, in Suomen vanhimman sanaston etymologinen verkkosanakirja[1] (in Finnish), retrieved 2024-01-01

Further reading[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Japanese 仮名(かな) (kana).

Noun[edit]

kana

  1. kana (Japanese syllabary)
Declension[edit]
Inflection of kana (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative kana kanat
genitive kanan kanojen
partitive kanaa kanoja
illative kanaan kanoihin
singular plural
nominative kana kanat
accusative nom. kana kanat
gen. kanan
genitive kanan kanojen
kanainrare
partitive kanaa kanoja
inessive kanassa kanoissa
elative kanasta kanoista
illative kanaan kanoihin
adessive kanalla kanoilla
ablative kanalta kanoilta
allative kanalle kanoille
essive kanana kanoina
translative kanaksi kanoiksi
abessive kanatta kanoitta
instructive kanoin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of kana (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative kanani kanani
accusative nom. kanani kanani
gen. kanani
genitive kanani kanojeni
kanainirare
partitive kanaani kanojani
inessive kanassani kanoissani
elative kanastani kanoistani
illative kanaani kanoihini
adessive kanallani kanoillani
ablative kanaltani kanoiltani
allative kanalleni kanoilleni
essive kananani kanoinani
translative kanakseni kanoikseni
abessive kanattani kanoittani
instructive
comitative kanoineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative kanasi kanasi
accusative nom. kanasi kanasi
gen. kanasi
genitive kanasi kanojesi
kanaisirare
partitive kanaasi kanojasi
inessive kanassasi kanoissasi
elative kanastasi kanoistasi
illative kanaasi kanoihisi
adessive kanallasi kanoillasi
ablative kanaltasi kanoiltasi
allative kanallesi kanoillesi
essive kananasi kanoinasi
translative kanaksesi kanoiksesi
abessive kanattasi kanoittasi
instructive
comitative kanoinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative kanamme kanamme
accusative nom. kanamme kanamme
gen. kanamme
genitive kanamme kanojemme
kanaimmerare
partitive kanaamme kanojamme
inessive kanassamme kanoissamme
elative kanastamme kanoistamme
illative kanaamme kanoihimme
adessive kanallamme kanoillamme
ablative kanaltamme kanoiltamme
allative kanallemme kanoillemme
essive kananamme kanoinamme
translative kanaksemme kanoiksemme
abessive kanattamme kanoittamme
instructive
comitative kanoinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative kananne kananne
accusative nom. kananne kananne
gen. kananne
genitive kananne kanojenne
kanainnerare
partitive kanaanne kanojanne
inessive kanassanne kanoissanne
elative kanastanne kanoistanne
illative kanaanne kanoihinne
adessive kanallanne kanoillanne
ablative kanaltanne kanoiltanne
allative kanallenne kanoillenne
essive kanananne kanoinanne
translative kanaksenne kanoiksenne
abessive kanattanne kanoittanne
instructive
comitative kanoinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative kanansa kanansa
accusative nom. kanansa kanansa
gen. kanansa
genitive kanansa kanojensa
kanainsarare
partitive kanaansa kanojaan
kanojansa
inessive kanassaan
kanassansa
kanoissaan
kanoissansa
elative kanastaan
kanastansa
kanoistaan
kanoistansa
illative kanaansa kanoihinsa
adessive kanallaan
kanallansa
kanoillaan
kanoillansa
ablative kanaltaan
kanaltansa
kanoiltaan
kanoiltansa
allative kanalleen
kanallensa
kanoilleen
kanoillensa
essive kananaan
kananansa
kanoinaan
kanoinansa
translative kanakseen
kanaksensa
kanoikseen
kanoiksensa
abessive kanattaan
kanattansa
kanoittaan
kanoittansa
instructive
comitative kanoineen
kanoinensa

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowed from Old Swedish kana.

Noun[edit]

kana (dialectal)

  1. Synonym of kokka (bow of a boat)
Declension[edit]
Inflection of kana (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative kana kanat
genitive kanan kanojen
partitive kanaa kanoja
illative kanaan kanoihin
singular plural
nominative kana kanat
accusative nom. kana kanat
gen. kanan
genitive kanan kanojen
kanainrare
partitive kanaa kanoja
inessive kanassa kanoissa
elative kanasta kanoista
illative kanaan kanoihin
adessive kanalla kanoilla
ablative kanalta kanoilta
allative kanalle kanoille
essive kanana kanoina
translative kanaksi kanoiksi
abessive kanatta kanoitta
instructive kanoin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of kana (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative kanani kanani
accusative nom. kanani kanani
gen. kanani
genitive kanani kanojeni
kanainirare
partitive kanaani kanojani
inessive kanassani kanoissani
elative kanastani kanoistani
illative kanaani kanoihini
adessive kanallani kanoillani
ablative kanaltani kanoiltani
allative kanalleni kanoilleni
essive kananani kanoinani
translative kanakseni kanoikseni
abessive kanattani kanoittani
instructive
comitative kanoineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative kanasi kanasi
accusative nom. kanasi kanasi
gen. kanasi
genitive kanasi kanojesi
kanaisirare
partitive kanaasi kanojasi
inessive kanassasi kanoissasi
elative kanastasi kanoistasi
illative kanaasi kanoihisi
adessive kanallasi kanoillasi
ablative kanaltasi kanoiltasi
allative kanallesi kanoillesi
essive kananasi kanoinasi
translative kanaksesi kanoiksesi
abessive kanattasi kanoittasi
instructive
comitative kanoinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative kanamme kanamme
accusative nom. kanamme kanamme
gen. kanamme
genitive kanamme kanojemme
kanaimmerare
partitive kanaamme kanojamme
inessive kanassamme kanoissamme
elative kanastamme kanoistamme
illative kanaamme kanoihimme
adessive kanallamme kanoillamme
ablative kanaltamme kanoiltamme
allative kanallemme kanoillemme
essive kananamme kanoinamme
translative kanaksemme kanoiksemme
abessive kanattamme kanoittamme
instructive
comitative kanoinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative kananne kananne
accusative nom. kananne kananne
gen. kananne
genitive kananne kanojenne
kanainnerare
partitive kanaanne kanojanne
inessive kanassanne kanoissanne
elative kanastanne kanoistanne
illative kanaanne kanoihinne
adessive kanallanne kanoillanne
ablative kanaltanne kanoiltanne
allative kanallenne kanoillenne
essive kanananne kanoinanne
translative kanaksenne kanoiksenne
abessive kanattanne kanoittanne
instructive
comitative kanoinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative kanansa kanansa
accusative nom. kanansa kanansa
gen. kanansa
genitive kanansa kanojensa
kanainsarare
partitive kanaansa kanojaan
kanojansa
inessive kanassaan
kanassansa
kanoissaan
kanoissansa
elative kanastaan
kanastansa
kanoistaan
kanoistansa
illative kanaansa kanoihinsa
adessive kanallaan
kanallansa
kanoillaan
kanoillansa
ablative kanaltaan
kanaltansa
kanoiltaan
kanoiltansa
allative kanalleen
kanallensa
kanoilleen
kanoillensa
essive kananaan
kananansa
kanoinaan
kanoinansa
translative kanakseen
kanaksensa
kanoikseen
kanoiksensa
abessive kanattaan
kanattansa
kanoittaan
kanoittansa
instructive
comitative kanoineen
kanoinensa
Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kana m (plural kanas)

  1. kana

Further reading[edit]

Ingrian[edit]

Kana.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *kana. Cognates include Finnish kana and Estonian kana.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kana

  1. hen
    • 1936, N. A. Iljin and V. I. Junus, Bukvari iƶoroin șkouluja vart, Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 6:
      Kana, ka-ka-ka, na, mama, kana.
      A hen, cluck cluck cluck, here, mommy, a hen.
    • 1936, V. I. Junus, P. L. Maksimov, Inkeroisin keelen oppikirja alkuşkouluja vart (ensimäine osa), Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 4:
      Kana kaakatta. Sika röhkää.
      A hen cackles. A pig oinks.
    • 1936, D. I. Efimov, Lukukirja: Inkeroisia alkușkouluja vart (toin osa), Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 80:
      Kanan äänee jooksi pertist Darja-ämmä.
      Granny Darja ran out of the cottage towards the sound of the hen.

Declension[edit]

Declension of kana (type 3/kana, no gradation, gemination)
singular plural
nominative kana kanat
genitive kanan kannoin
partitive kannaa kanoja
illative kannaa kannoi
inessive kanas kanois
elative kanast kanoist
allative kanalle kanoille
adessive kanal kanoil
ablative kanalt kanoilt
translative kanaks kanoiks
essive kananna, kannaan kanoinna, kannoin
exessive1) kanant kanoint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka? or -kä? to the genitive.
Soikkola declension of kana
singular plural
nominative kana kanat
genitive kanan kannoin
partitive kannaa kannooja
illative kannaa kannoi
inessive kanas kanois
elative kanast kanoist
allative kanalle kanoille
adessive kanal kanoil
ablative kanalt kanoilt
translative kanaks kanoiks
essive kannaan kannoin
exessive1) kannaant kannoint
1) Obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)

Coordinate terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • V. I. Junus (1936) Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[3], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 58
  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 130
  • Olga I. Konkova; Nikita A. Dyachkov (2014) Inkeroin Keel: Пособие по Ижорскому Языку[4], →ISBN, page 79

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

kana

  1. Rōmaji transcription of かな

Kamba[edit]

Kamba cardinal numbers
 <  3 4 5  > 
    Cardinal : kana

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *-nàì.

Numeral[edit]

kana

  1. four

Kapampangan[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: ka‧na
  • IPA(key): /kəˈna/, [kəˈnä]
  • IPA(key): /kəˈnaʔ/, [kəˈnäʔ]

Determiner[edit]

kana or kanâ

  1. put; to place
    Synonym: lage
  2. to leave something somewhere
    Synonym: maglakuwan

Etymology 2[edit]

From ka +‎ na.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: ka‧na
  • IPA(key): /kəˈna/, [kəˈnä]

Adverb[edit]

kana

  1. expression to indicate an uncertainty or doubt; I wonder; maybe
    Makabalu kana?
    I wonder if you already know?
    Manisip kana?
    I wonder if you're thinking something?
See also[edit]

Karelian[edit]

Regional variants of kana
North Karelian
(Viena)
kana
South Karelian
(Tver)
kana

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *kana. Cognates include Finnish kana and Estonian kana.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkɑnɑ/
  • Hyphenation: ka‧na

Noun[edit]

kana (genitive kanan, partitive kanua)

  1. hen

Declension[edit]

Viena Karelian declension of kana (type 4/kala, no gradation)
singular plural
nominative kana kanat
genitive kanan kanojen
partitive kanua kanoja
illative kanah kanoih
inessive kanašša kanoissa
elative kanašta kanoista
adessive kanalla kanoilla
ablative kanalta kanoilta
translative kanakši kanoiksi
essive kanana kanoina
comitative kanoineh
abessive kanatta kanoitta
Tver Karelian declension of kana (type 4/kala no gradation)
singular plural
nominative kana kanat
genitive kanan kanoin
partitive kanua kanoida
illative kanah kanoih
inessive kanašša kanoissa
elative kanašta kanoista
adessive kanalla kanoilla
ablative kanalda kanoilda
translative kanakši kanoiksi
essive kanana kanoina
comitative kananke kanoinke
abessive kanatta kanoitta
Possessive forms of kana
1st person kanani
2nd person kanaš
3rd person kanah
*) Possessive forms are very rare for adjectives and only used in substantivised clauses.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • A. V. Punzhina (1994), “kana”, in Словарь карельского языка (тверские говоры) [Dictionary of the Karelian language (Tver dialects)], →ISBN
  • P. M. Zaykov et al. (2015), “курица”, in Venäjä-Viena Šanakirja [Russian-Viena Karelian Dictionary], →ISBN

Kikuyu[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

kana

  1. or, whether

References[edit]

  • “kana” in Benson, T.G. (1964). Kikuyu-English dictionary, p. 206. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Lower Sorbian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from German Kanne, from Proto-Germanic *kannǭ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kana f inan (diminutive kanka)

  1. jug, pot (e.g. for coffee or tea)

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Muka, Arnošt (1921, 1928), “kana”, in Słownik dolnoserbskeje rěcy a jeje narěcow (in German), St. Petersburg, Prague: ОРЯС РАН, ČAVU; Reprinted Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag, 2008
  • Starosta, Manfred (1999), “kana”, in Dolnoserbsko-nimski słownik / Niedersorbisch-deutsches Wörterbuch (in German), Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag

Ludian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *kana. Cognates include Finnish kana and Veps kana.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kana

  1. chicken

Declension[edit]

Declension of kana (Type 1/kana, no gradation)
singular plural
nominative kana kanad
genitive kanan kanoiden
partitive kanad kanoid
illative kanah kanoihe
inessive kanas kanoiš
elative kanaspiä kanoišpiä
allative kanale kanoile
adessive kanal kanoil
ablative kanalpiä kanoilpiä
translative kanaks kanoikš
essive kanan kanoin
abessive kanata kanoita
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)

References[edit]

  • Juho Kujola (1944) Lyydiläismurteiden sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 105
  • M. Pahomov (2022), “kana”, in Lüüdi-venän, venä-lüüdin sanakirdʹ, Helsinki: Lüüdilaine Siebr, →ISBN, page 61

Makasar[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

kana (Lontara spelling ᨀᨊ, semi-transitive akkana)

  1. (transitive) to say

Noun[edit]

kana (Lontara spelling ᨀᨊ)

  1. word

Mauritian Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Hindi खाना (khānā).

Noun[edit]

kana

  1. food

References[edit]

  • Baker, Philip & Hookoomsing, Vinesh Y. 1987. Dictionnaire de créole mauricien. Morisyen – English – Français

Old Javanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Unknown

Adverb[edit]

kana

  1. there
  2. then

Etymology 2[edit]

Unknown, probably from Sanskrit कङ्कण (kaṅkaṇa, bracelet).

Noun[edit]

kana

  1. bracelet
Descendants[edit]
  • Balinese: ᬓᬦ (kana, bracelet)

Papiamentu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Portuguese caminhar and Spanish caminar and Kabuverdianu kaminha.

Verb[edit]

kana

  1. to walk
  2. to go

Portuguese[edit]

Noun[edit]

kana m (uncountable)

  1. kana (Japanese syllabaries)

Rayón Zoque[edit]

Noun[edit]

kana

  1. salt

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Harrison, Roy; B. de Harrison, Margaret; López Juárez, Francisco; Ordoñes, Cosme (1984) Vocabulario zoque de Rayón (Serie de diccionarios y vocabularios indígenas Mariano Silva y Aceves; 28)‎[5] (in Spanish), México, D.F.: Instituto Lingüístico de Verano, page 12

Romani[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Sanskrit कदा (kadā).

Adverb[edit]

kana

  1. when

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowing from Ottoman Turkishقنا(kına), from Arabicحِنَّاء(ḥinnāʔ).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kâna/
  • Hyphenation: ka‧na

Noun[edit]

kȁna f (Cyrillic spelling ка̏на)

  1. henna (Lawsonia inermis) (shrub; dye)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Japanese 仮名 (kana).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kǎna/
  • Hyphenation: ka‧na

Noun[edit]

kàna f (Cyrillic spelling ка̀на)

  1. kana
Declension[edit]

Swahili[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

-kana (infinitive kukana)

  1. to deny, to reject, to say no

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of -kana
Positive present -nakana
Subjunctive -kane
Negative -kani
Imperative singular kana
Infinitives
Positive kukana
Negative kutokana
Imperatives
Singular kana
Plural kaneni
Tensed forms
Habitual hukana
Positive past positive subject concord + -likana
Negative past negative subject concord + -kukana
Positive present (positive subject concord + -nakana)
Singular Plural
1st person ninakana/nakana tunakana
2nd person unakana mnakana
3rd person m-wa(I/II) anakana wanakana
other classes positive subject concord + -nakana
Negative present (negative subject concord + -kani)
Singular Plural
1st person sikani hatukani
2nd person hukani hamkani
3rd person m-wa(I/II) hakani hawakani
other classes negative subject concord + -kani
Positive future positive subject concord + -takana
Negative future negative subject concord + -takana
Positive subjunctive (positive subject concord + -kane)
Singular Plural
1st person nikane tukane
2nd person ukane mkane
3rd person m-wa(I/II) akane wakane
other classes positive subject concord + -kane
Negative subjunctive positive subject concord + -sikane
Positive present conditional positive subject concord + -ngekana
Negative present conditional positive subject concord + -singekana
Positive past conditional positive subject concord + -ngalikana
Negative past conditional positive subject concord + -singalikana
Gnomic (positive subject concord + -akana)
Singular Plural
1st person nakana twakana
2nd person wakana mwakana
3rd person m-wa(I/II) akana wakana
m-mi(III/IV) wakana yakana
ji-ma(V/VI) lakana yakana
ki-vi(VII/VIII) chakana vyakana
n(IX/X) yakana zakana
u(XI) wakana see n(X) or ma(VI) class
ku(XV/XVII) kwakana
pa(XVI) pakana
mu(XVIII) mwakana
Perfect positive subject concord + -mekana
"Already" positive subject concord + -meshakana
"Not yet" negative subject concord + -jakana
"If/When" positive subject concord + -kikana
"If not" positive subject concord + -sipokana
Consecutive kakana / positive subject concord + -kakana
Consecutive subjunctive positive subject concord + -kakane
Object concord (indicative positive)
Singular Plural
1st person -nikana -tukana
2nd person -kukana -wakana/-kukaneni/-wakaneni
3rd person m-wa(I/II) -mkana -wakana
m-mi(III/IV) -ukana -ikana
ji-ma(V/VI) -likana -yakana
ki-vi(VII/VIII) -kikana -vikana
n(IX/X) -ikana -zikana
u(XI) -ukana see n(X) or ma(VI) class
ku(XV/XVII) -kukana
pa(XVI) -pakana
mu(XVIII) -mukana
Reflexive -jikana
Relative forms
General positive (positive subject concord + (object concord) + -kana- + relative marker)
Singular Plural
m-wa(I/II) -kanaye -kanao
m-mi(III/IV) -kanao -kanayo
ji-ma(V/VI) -kanalo -kanayo
ki-vi(VII/VIII) -kanacho -kanavyo
n(IX/X) -kanayo -kanazo
u(XI) -kanao see n(X) or ma(VI) class
ku(XV/XVII) -kanako
pa(XVI) -kanapo
mu(XVIII) -kanamo
Other forms (subject concord + tense marker + relative marker + (object concord) + -kana)
Singular Plural
m-wa(I/II) -yekana -okana
m-mi(III/IV) -okana -yokana
ji-ma(V/VI) -lokana -yokana
ki-vi(VII/VIII) -chokana -vyokana
n(IX/X) -yokana -zokana
u(XI) -okana see n(X) or ma(VI) class
ku(XV/XVII) -kokana
pa(XVI) -pokana
mu(XVIII) -mokana
Some forms not commonly seen in modern Standard Swahili are absent from the table. See Appendix:Swahili verbs for more information.

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

kana c

  1. slide (mostly as a toy)

Declension[edit]

Declension of kana 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative kana kanan kanor kanorna
Genitive kanas kanans kanors kanornas

Related terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

kana (present kanar, preterite kanade, supine kanat, imperative kana)

  1. to slide (mostly of people or vehicles, relating to icy ground)

Conjugation[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Tagalog[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: ka‧na
  • IPA(key): /kaˈnaʔ/, [kɐˈnaʔ]

Noun[edit]

kanâ (Baybayin spelling ᜃᜈ)

  1. deception; falsity
  2. action or work
    Synonym: gawa
    Nakana na ang wika ko.
    My word has been done.
  3. application; actualization; appropriation; usage for some purpose
    Synonyms: akma, lapat, kabit
    walang kapapakananno purpose
  4. (obsolete) imposition of a penalty or payment
    Kanan mo ng dusa ang talampasan.
    Impose suffering to the wicked.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: ka‧na
  • IPA(key): /kaˈnaʔ/, [kɐˈnaʔ]

Noun[edit]

kanâ (Baybayin spelling ᜃᜈ)

  1. (colloquial) Clipping of amerikana.
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: ka‧na
  • IPA(key): /kaˈna/, [kɐˈna]

Preposition[edit]

kaná (Baybayin spelling ᜃᜈ)

  1. Alternative form of kina

Etymology 4[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: ka‧na
  • IPA(key): /ˈkanaʔ/, [ˈka.nɐʔ]

Noun[edit]

kanà (Baybayin spelling ᜃᜈ) (obsolete)

  1. menarche; a woman's first menstruation
    Synonyms: abot-tubo, unang dating
    May kana na itong bata.
    The child already had her (first) menstruation.

Further reading[edit]

  • kana”, in Pambansang Diksiyonaryo | Diksiyonaryo.ph, Manila, 2018

Tooro[edit]

Tooro numbers (edit)
[a], [b], [c] ←  3 4 5  → [a], [b], [c]
    Cardinal: -na, (in abstract counting) ina
    Ordinal: -a kana
    Adverbial: kana, enyakana, emirundi ena
    Fractional: ekicweka ekya kana

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /kána/

Adverb[edit]

kana

  1. four times

Synonyms[edit]

Turkish[edit]

Noun[edit]

kana

  1. dative singular of kan

Venda[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

kana

  1. or
  2. nor

Veps[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *kana, from Proto-Germanic *hanô.

Noun[edit]

kana

  1. chicken

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of kana (inflection type 5/sana)
nominative sing. kana
genitive sing. kanan
partitive sing. kanad
partitive plur. kanoid
singular plural
nominative kana kanad
accusative kanan kanad
genitive kanan kanoiden
partitive kanad kanoid
essive-instructive kanan kanoin
translative kanaks kanoikš
inessive kanas kanoiš
elative kanaspäi kanoišpäi
illative kanaha kanoihe
adessive kanal kanoil
ablative kanalpäi kanoilpäi
allative kanale kanoile
abessive kanata kanoita
comitative kananke kanoidenke
prolative kanadme kanoidme
approximative I kananno kanoidenno
approximative II kanannoks kanoidennoks
egressive kanannopäi kanoidennopäi
terminative I kanahasai kanoihesai
terminative II kanalesai kanoilesai
terminative III kanassai
additive I kanahapäi kanoihepäi
additive II kanalepäi kanoilepäi

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Zajceva, N. G.; Mullonen, M. I. (2007), “курица”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary], Petrozavodsk: Periodika

Võro[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *kana, from Proto-Germanic *hanô. Cognates include Estonian kana.

Pronunciation[edit]

This entry needs an audio pronunciation. If you are a native speaker with a microphone, please record this word. The recorded pronunciation will appear here when it's ready.

Noun[edit]

kana (genitive kana, partitive kanna)

  1. chicken

Inflection[edit]

Votic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *kana.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Luutsa, Liivtšülä) IPA(key): /ˈkɑnɑ/, [ˈkɑnɑ]
  • Rhymes: -ɑnɑ
  • Hyphenation: ka‧na

Noun[edit]

kana

  1. hen, chicken

Inflection[edit]

Declension of kana (type III/jalkõ, no gradation)
singular plural
nominative kana kanad
genitive kana kanojõ, kanoi
partitive kanna kanoitõ, kanoi
illative kannasõ, kanna kanoisõ
inessive kanaz kanoiz
elative kanassõ kanoissõ
allative kanalõ kanoilõ
adessive kanallõ kanoillõ
ablative kanaltõ kanoiltõ
translative kanassi kanoissi
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the terminative is formed by adding the suffix -ssaa to the short illative (sg) or the genitive.
***) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka to the genitive.

References[edit]

  • Hallap, V.; Adler, E.; Grünberg, S.; Leppik, M. (2012), “kana”, in Vadja keele sõnaraamat [A dictionary of the Votic language], 2nd edition, Tallinn

Warlpiri[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kana

  1. digging stick

Ye'kwana[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Cariban *kana (fish).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kana

  1. a kind of fish, the Amazon brycon (Brycon amazonicus)

References[edit]

  • Cáceres, Natalia (2011), “kana”, in Grammaire Fonctionnelle-Typologique du Ye’kwana, Lyon
  • Hall, Katherine Lee (1988), “kana:”, in The morphosyntax of discourse in De'kwana Carib, volume I and II, Saint Louis, Missouri: PhD Thesis, Washington University
  • Monterrey, Nalúa Rosa Silva (2012) Hombres de curiara y mujeres de conuco. Etnografía de los indigenas Ye’kwana de Venezuela, Ciudad Bolívar: Universidad Nacional Experimental de Guayana, page 36