kana

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: kanā, kána, kāna, känä, and Kaňa

English[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Japanese 仮名 ‎(kana, phonetic character, literally “borrowed character”, from the way that kana were originally Chinese characters "borrowed" for their phonetic values).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kana ‎(plural kana or kanas)

  1. The hiragana and katakana syllabaries. These are made up of characters that represent individual syllables, which are are used to write Japanese words and particles. Kana are derived from kanji.
  2. A hiragana or katakana character.

Translations[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Apalaí[edit]

Noun[edit]

kana

  1. fish

Breton[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Proto-Celtic [Term?] (compare Welsh canu, Irish canadh).

Verb[edit]

kana

  1. to sing

Mutation[edit]


Chuukese[edit]

Determiner[edit]

kana

  1. (possessive subject marker) those

Related terms[edit]


Estonian[edit]

Chicken portrait.jpg

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *hanô, cognate to Old Norse hani, Gothic 𐌷𐌰𐌽𐌰 ‎(hana), Swedish hane, Finnish kana, Livonian kanā, Votic kana, Veps kana.

Noun[edit]

kana ‎(genitive kana, partitive kana)

  1. chicken
  2. hen

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Fijian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Oceanic, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *kaən, from Proto-Austronesian *kaən.

Verb[edit]

kana

  1. to eat (consume)

Noun[edit]

kana

  1. meal

Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from a Germanic language, ultimately from Proto-Germanic *hanô. Related to Estonian kana.

Noun[edit]

kana

  1. chicken (domestic fowl of species Gallus gallus, Gallus domesticus)
  2. hen (female chicken)
  3. chicken (meat from this bird eaten as food)
  4. (taxonomy) gallinaceous (when used as modifier in some compound terms)
    kanalintu = gallinaceous bird
  5. (derogatory) hen (unintelligent, talkative woman)
  6. (archaic) woman, sweetheart
    • 1835, Elias Lönnrot, Kalevala:
      Sanoi Pohjolan emäntä, itse lausui, noin nimesi:/ Kummallenp' on mielit mennä, kun tulevat tahtomahan/ ikuiseksi ystäväksi, kainaloiseksi kanaksi?
      Said the mistress of Pohjola, stated herself, thus worded:/ To which one do you want to go, when they come to woo you/ to be their eternal friend, a chicken under their arm?
Declension[edit]
Inflection of kana (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative kana kanat
genitive kanan kanojen
partitive kanaa kanoja
illative kanaan kanoihin
singular plural
nominative kana kanat
accusative nom. kana kanat
gen. kanan
genitive kanan kanojen
kanainrare
partitive kanaa kanoja
inessive kanassa kanoissa
elative kanasta kanoista
illative kanaan kanoihin
adessive kanalla kanoilla
ablative kanalta kanoilta
allative kanalle kanoille
essive kanana kanoina
translative kanaksi kanoiksi
instructive kanoin
abessive kanatta kanoitta
comitative kanoineen
Usage notes[edit]

The word kana usually refers to a mature bird. The Finnish translation for "chicken" in the sense "young hen" is kananpoika or broileri.

Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Compounds[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Japanese

Noun[edit]

kana

  1. kana (Japanese syllabary)

Anagrams[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

kana

  1. rōmaji reading of かな

Lower Sorbian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from German Kanne, from Proto-Germanic *kannǭ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kana f ‎(diminutive kanka)

  1. jug, pot (e.g. for coffee or tea)

Declension[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Noun[edit]

kana m (uncountable)

  1. kana (Japanese syllabaries)

Romani[edit]

Adverb[edit]

kana

  1. when

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Turkish kına, from Arabic حِنَّاء ‎(ḥinnāʾ).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kâna/
  • Hyphenation: ka‧na

Noun[edit]

kȁna f ‎(Cyrillic spelling ка̏на)

  1. henna
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowing from Japanese 仮名 ‎(kana).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kǎna/
  • Hyphenation: ka‧na

Noun[edit]

kàna f ‎(Cyrillic spelling ка̀на)

  1. kana
Declension[edit]

Swahili[edit]

Verb[edit]

kana

  1. to deny, to reject

Conjugation[edit]




Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

kana c

  1. slide (mostly as a toy)

Declension[edit]

Inflection of kana 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative kana kanan kanor kanorna
Genitive kanas kanans kanors kanornas

Related terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

kana ‎(present kanar, preterite kanade, supine kanat, imperative kana)

  1. to slide (mostly of people or vehicles, relating to icy ground)

Conjugation[edit]

See also[edit]


Veps[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Proto-Germanic *hanô.

Noun[edit]

kana

  1. chicken

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of kana
nominative sing. kana
genitive sing. kanan
partitive sing. kanad
partitive plur. kanoid
singular plural
nominative kana kanad
accusative kanan kanad
genitive kanan kanoiden
partitive kanad kanoid
essive-instructive kanan kanoin
translative kanaks kanoikš
inessive kanas kanoiš
elative kanaspäi kanoišpäi
illative  ? kanoihe
adessive kanal kanoil
ablative kanalpäi kanoilpäi
allative kanale kanoile
abessive kanata kanoita
comitative kananke kanoidenke
prolative kanadme kanoidme
approximative I kananno kanoidenno
approximative II kanannoks kanoidennoks
egressive kanannopäi kanoidennopäi
terminative I  ? kanoihesai
terminative II kanalesai kanoilesai
terminative III kanassai
additive I  ? kanoihepäi
additive II kanalepäi kanoilepäi

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Zajceva, N. G.; Mullonen, M. I. (2007), “курица”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary], Petrozavodsk: Periodika

Võro[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Proto-Germanic *hanô. Cognate to Estonian kana.

Pronunciation[edit]

Headset icon.svg This entry needs audio files. If you have a microphone, please record some and upload them. (For audio required quickly, visit WT:APR.)

Noun[edit]

kana ‎(genitive kana, partitive kanna)

  1. chicken

Inflection[edit]