kana

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See also: kanā, kána, kāna, känä, and Kaňa

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Japanese 仮名 (kana, phonetic character, literally “borrowed character”, from the way that kana were originally Chinese characters "borrowed" for their phonetic values).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kana (plural kana or kanas)

  1. The hiragana and katakana syllabaries. These are made up of characters that represent individual syllables, which are are used to write Japanese words and particles. Kana are derived from kanji.
  2. A hiragana or katakana character.

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Apalaí[edit]

Noun[edit]

kana

  1. fish

Breton[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Proto-Celtic [Term?] (compare Welsh canu, Irish canadh).

Verb[edit]

kana

  1. to sing

Mutation[edit]


Chuukese[edit]

Determiner[edit]

kana

  1. (possessive subject marker) those

Related terms[edit]


Estonian[edit]

Chicken portrait.jpg

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *kana, from Proto-Germanic *hanô. Cognate to Finnish kana, Livonian kanā, Votic kana, Veps kana, Old Norse hani, Gothic 𐌷𐌰𐌽𐌰 (hana), Swedish hane.

Noun[edit]

kana (genitive kana, partitive kana)

  1. chicken
  2. hen

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Fijian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Oceanic, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *kaən, from Proto-Austronesian *kaən.

Verb[edit]

kana

  1. to eat (consume)

Noun[edit]

kana

  1. meal

Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *kana, from Proto-Germanic *hanô. Cognates include Estonian kana.

Noun[edit]

kana

  1. chicken (domestic fowl of species Gallus gallus, Gallus domesticus)
  2. hen (female chicken)
  3. chicken (meat from this bird eaten as food)
  4. (taxonomy) gallinaceous (when used as modifier in some compound terms)
    kanalintu = gallinaceous bird
  5. (derogatory) hen (unintelligent, talkative woman)
  6. (archaic) woman, sweetheart
    • 1835, Elias Lönnrot, Kalevala:
      Sanoi Pohjolan emäntä, itse lausui, noin nimesi:/ Kummallenp' on mielit mennä, kun tulevat tahtomahan/ ikuiseksi ystäväksi, kainaloiseksi kanaksi?
      Said the mistress of Pohjola, stated herself, thus worded:/ To which one do you want to go, when they come to woo you/ to be their eternal friend, a chicken under their arm?
Declension[edit]
Inflection of kana (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative kana kanat
genitive kanan kanojen
partitive kanaa kanoja
illative kanaan kanoihin
singular plural
nominative kana kanat
accusative nom. kana kanat
gen. kanan
genitive kanan kanojen
kanainrare
partitive kanaa kanoja
inessive kanassa kanoissa
elative kanasta kanoista
illative kanaan kanoihin
adessive kanalla kanoilla
ablative kanalta kanoilta
allative kanalle kanoille
essive kanana kanoina
translative kanaksi kanoiksi
instructive kanoin
abessive kanatta kanoitta
comitative kanoineen
Usage notes[edit]

The word kana usually refers to a mature bird. The Finnish translation for "chicken" in the sense "young hen" is kananpoika or broileri.

Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Compounds[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Japanese

Noun[edit]

kana

  1. kana (Japanese syllabary)

Anagrams[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

kana

  1. Rōmaji transcription of かな

Kamba[edit]

Kamba cardinal numbers
 <  3 4 5  > 
    Cardinal : kana

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *-nàì.

Numeral[edit]

kana

  1. four

Lower Sorbian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from German Kanne, from Proto-Germanic *kannǭ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kana f (diminutive kanka)

  1. jug, pot (e.g. for coffee or tea)

Declension[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Noun[edit]

kana m (uncountable)

  1. kana (Japanese syllabaries)

Romani[edit]

Adverb[edit]

kana

  1. when

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowing from Ottoman Turkish [Term?] (Turkish kına), from Arabic حِنَّاء (ḥinnāʾ).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kâna/
  • Hyphenation: ka‧na

Noun[edit]

kȁna f (Cyrillic spelling ка̏на)

  1. henna
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Japanese 仮名 (kana).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kǎna/
  • Hyphenation: ka‧na

Noun[edit]

kàna f (Cyrillic spelling ка̀на)

  1. kana
Declension[edit]

Swahili[edit]

Verb[edit]

-kana (infinitive kukana)

  1. to deny, to reject, to say no

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of -kana
Non-finite forms
Form Positive Negative
Infinitive kukana kutokana
Simple finite forms
Positive form Singular Plural
Imperative kana kaneni
Habitual hukana
Complex finite forms
Polarity Persons Persons / Classes Classes
1st 2nd 3rd / M-wa M-mi Ma Ki-vi N U Ku Pa Mu
Sg. Pl. Sg. Pl. Sg. / 1 Pl. / 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 / 14 15 / 17 16 18
Past
Positive nilikana
nalikana
tulikana
twalikana
ulikana
walikana
mlikana
mwalikana
alikana walikana ulikana ilikana lilikana yalikana kilikana vilikana ilikana zilikana ulikana kulikana palikana mulikana
Relative niliokana
naliokana
tuliokana
twaliokana
uliokana
waliokana
mliokana
mwaliokana
aliokana waliokana uliokana iliokana liliokana yaliokana kiliokana viliokana iliokana ziliokana uliokana kuliokana paliokana muliokana
Negative sikukana hatukukana hukukana hamkukana hakukana hawakukana haukukana haikukana halikukana hayakukana hakikukana havikukana haikukana hazikukana haukukana hakukukana hapakukana hamukukana
Present
Positive ninakana
nakana
tunakana unakana mnakana anakana wanakana unakana inakana linakana yanakana kinakana vinakana inakana zinakana unakana kunakana panakana munakana
Relative ninaokana
naokana
tunaokana unaokana mnaokana anaokana wanaokana unaokana inaokana linaokana yanaokana kinaokana vinaokana inaokana zinaokana unaokana kunaokana panaokana munaokana
Negative sikani hatukani hukani hamkani hakani hawakani haukani haikani halikani hayakani hakikani havikani haikani hazikani haukani hakukani hapakani hamukani
Future
Positive nitakana tutakana utakana mtakana atakana watakana utakana itakana litakana yatakana kitakana vitakana itakana zitakana utakana kutakana patakana mutakana
Relative nitakaokana tutakaokana utakaokana mtakaokana atakaokana watakaokana utakaokana itakaokana litakaokana yatakaokana kitakaokana vitakaokana itakaokana zitakaokana utakaokana kutakaokana patakaokana mutakaokana
Negative sitakana hatutakana hutakana hamtakana hatakana hawatakana hautakana haitakana halitakana hayatakana hakitakana havitakana haitakana hazitakana hautakana hakutakana hapatakana hamutakana
Subjunctive
Positive nikane tukane ukane mkane akane wakane ukane ikane likane yakane kikane vikane ikane zikane ukane kukane pakane mukane
Negative nisikane tusikane usikane msikane asikane wasikane usikane isikane lisikane yasikane kisikane visikane isikane zisikane usikane kusikane pasikane musikane
Present Conditional
Positive ningekana tungekana ungekana mngekana angekana wangekana ungekana ingekana lingekana yangekana kingekana vingekana ingekana zingekana ungekana kungekana pangekana mungekana
Negative nisingekana
singekana
tusingekana
hatungekana
usingekana
hungekana
msingekana
hamngekana
asingekana
hangekana
wasingekana
hawangekana
usingekana
haungekana
isingekana
haingekana
lisingekana
halingekana
yasingekana
hayangekana
kisingekana
hakingekana
visingekana
havingekana
isingekana
haingekana
zisingekana
hazingekana
usingekana
haungekana
kusingekana
hakungekana
pasingekana
hapangekana
musingekana
hamungekana
Past Conditional
Positive ningalikana tungalikana ungalikana mngalikana angalikana wangalikana ungalikana ingalikana lingalikana yangalikana kingalikana vingalikana ingalikana zingalikana ungalikana kungalikana pangalikana mungalikana
Negative nisingalikana
singalikana
tusingalikana
hatungalikana
usingalikana
hungalikana
msingalikana
hamngalikana
asingalikana
hangalikana
wasingalikana
hawangalikana
usingalikana
haungalikana
isingalikana
haingalikana
lisingalikana
halingalikana
yasingalikana
hayangalikana
kisingalikana
hakingalikana
visingalikana
havingalikana
isingalikana
haingalikana
zisingalikana
hazingalikana
usingalikana
haungalikana
kusingalikana
hakungalikana
pasingalikana
hapangalikana
musingalikana
hamungalikana
Conditional Contrary to Fact
Positive ningelikana tungelikana ungelikana mngelikana angelikana wangelikana ungelikana ingelikana lingelikana yangelikana kingelikana vingelikana ingelikana zingelikana ungelikana kungelikana pangelikana mungelikana
General Relative
Positive nikanao tukanao ukanao mkanao akanao wakanao ukanao ikanao likanao yakanao kikanao vikanao ikanao zikanao ukanao kukanao pakanao mukanao
Negative nisiokana tusiokana usiokana msiokana asiokana wasiokana usiokana isiokana lisiokana yasiokana kisiokana visiokana isiokana zisiokana usiokana kusiokana pasiokana musiokana
Gnomic
Positive nakana twakana wakana mwakana akana wakana wakana yakana lakana yakana chakana vyakana yakana zakana wakana kwakana pakana mwakana
Perfect
Positive nimekana tumekana umekana mmekana amekana wamekana umekana imekana limekana yamekana kimekana vimekana imekana zimekana umekana kumekana pamekana mumekana
"Already"
Positive nimeshakana tumeshakana umeshakana mmeshakana ameshakana wameshakana umeshakana imeshakana limeshakana yameshakana kimeshakana vimeshakana imeshakana zimeshakana umeshakana kumeshakana pameshakana mumeshakana
"Not yet"
Negative sijakana hatujakana hujakana hamjakana hajakana hawajakana haujakana haijakana halijakana hayajakana hakijakana havijakana haijakana hazijakana haujakana hakujakana hapajakana hamujakana
"If/When"
Positive nikikana tukikana ukikana mkikana akikana wakikana ukikana ikikana likikana yakikana kikikana vikikana ikikana zikikana ukikana kukikana pakikana mukikana
"If not"
Negative nisipokana tusipokana usipokana msipokana asipokana wasipokana usipokana isipokana lisipokana yasipokana kisipokana visipokana isipokana zisipokana usipokana kusipokana pasipokana musipokana
Consecutive
Positive nikakana tukakana ukakana mkakana akakana wakakana ukakana ikakana likakana yakakana kikakana vikakana ikakana zikakana ukakana kukakana pakakana mukakana
Not all possible forms are listed in the table. Transitive verbs can take object concords, relative concords can agree with all noun classes, and many other forms not commonly seen in modern Standard Swahili are absent from the table. See Appendix:Swahili verbs for more information.

Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

kana c

  1. slide (mostly as a toy)

Declension[edit]

Declension of kana 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative kana kanan kanor kanorna
Genitive kanas kanans kanors kanornas

Related terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

kana (present kanar, preterite kanade, supine kanat, imperative kana)

  1. to slide (mostly of people or vehicles, relating to icy ground)

Conjugation[edit]

See also[edit]


Veps[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *kana, from Proto-Germanic *hanô.

Noun[edit]

kana

  1. chicken

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of kana
nominative sing. kana
genitive sing. kanan
partitive sing. kanad
partitive plur. kanoid
singular plural
nominative kana kanad
accusative kanan kanad
genitive kanan kanoiden
partitive kanad kanoid
essive-instructive kanan kanoin
translative kanaks kanoikš
inessive kanas kanoiš
elative kanaspäi kanoišpäi
illative  ? kanoihe
adessive kanal kanoil
ablative kanalpäi kanoilpäi
allative kanale kanoile
abessive kanata kanoita
comitative kananke kanoidenke
prolative kanadme kanoidme
approximative I kananno kanoidenno
approximative II kanannoks kanoidennoks
egressive kanannopäi kanoidennopäi
terminative I  ? kanoihesai
terminative II kanalesai kanoilesai
terminative III kanassai
additive I  ? kanoihepäi
additive II kanalepäi kanoilepäi

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Zajceva, N. G.; Mullonen, M. I. (2007), “курица”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary], Petrozavodsk: Periodika

Võro[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *kana, from Proto-Germanic *hanô. Cognates include Estonian kana.

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

kana (genitive kana, partitive kanna)

  1. chicken

Inflection[edit]


Warlpiri[edit]

Noun[edit]

kana

  1. digging stick