From Middle English denyen, from Old French denoier (“to deny, to repudiate”) (French dénier), from Latin denegare (“to deny, to refuse”), from de- (“away”) and negare (“to refuse”), the latter ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ne (“no, not”). Doublet of denegate.
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /dɪˈnaɪ/
- (General American) IPA(key): /dəˈnaɪ/, /dɪ-/
Audio (GA) (file)
- Rhymes: -aɪ
- Hyphenation: de‧ny
- (transitive) To disallow or reject.
- I wanted to go to the party, but I was denied.
- 1847, Anne Brontë, chapter XVI, in Agnes Grey:
- 'Do! pray do! I shall be the most miserable of men if you don't. You cannot be so cruel as to deny me a favour so easily granted and yet so highly prized!' pleaded he as ardently as if his life depended on it.
- (transitive) To assert that something is not true.
- I deny that I was at the party.
- Everyone knows he committed the crime, but he still denies it.
- 1604, Jeremy Corderoy, A Short Dialogve, wherein is Proved, that No Man can be Saved without Good VVorkes, 2nd edition, Oxford: Printed by Ioseph Barnes, and are to be sold in Paules Church-yard at the signe of the Crowne, by Simon Waterson, OCLC 55185654, page 40:
- [N]ow ſuch a liue vngodly, vvithout a care of doing the wil of the Lord (though they profeſſe him in their mouths, yea though they beleeue and acknowledge all the Articles of the Creed, yea haue knowledge of the Scripturs) yet if they liue vngodly, they deny God, and therefore ſhal be denied, […]
- 2011 November 1, James Robinson and Lisa O'Carroll, “Phone hacking: NoW warned about 'culture of illegal information access'”, in The Guardian:
- But Myler and Crone told the committee in September that they had made Murdoch aware at the 10 June 2008 meeting that hacking was not restricted to a single journalist. They claimed this was the reason Murdoch agreed to settle the Taylor's case. James Murdoch subsequently wrote to the committee to deny this.
- (ditransitive) To refuse to give or grant something to someone.
- My father denied me a good education.
- 1754, Jonathan Edwards, An Inquiry into the Modern Prevailing Notions Respecting that Freedom of the Will which is supposed to be Essential to Moral Agency
- To some men, it is more agreeable to deny a vicious inclination, than to gratify it.
- 2008 April 12, “Mother denied daughter's organs”, in BBC:
- A mother who urgently needs a kidney transplant has branded the system which denied her the organs of her dying daughter as "ridiculous".
- To take something away from someone; to deprive of.
- (sports, transitive) To prevent from scoring.
- 2011 November 3, Chris Bevan, “Rubin Kazan 1 - 0 Tottenham”, in BBC Sport:
- Another Karadeniz cross led to Cudicini's first save of the night, with the Spurs keeper making up for a weak punch by brilliantly pushing away Christian Noboa's snap-shot.
Two more top-class stops followed quickly afterwards, first from Natcho's rasping shot which was heading into the top corner, and then to deny Ryazantsev at his near post.
- To disclaim connection with, responsibility for, etc.; to refuse to acknowledge; to disown; to abjure; to disavow.
- (obsolete) To refuse (to do or accept something).
- c. 1595–1596, William Shakespeare, “Loues Labour’s Lost”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act V, scene ii]:
- if you deny to dance
- This is a catenative verb that takes the gerund (-ing). See Appendix:English catenative verbs.
- Deny can have a connotation that the denial is false; he denied knowing the accused has a more suspicious tone than he said he did not know the accused. However, in some formal usages, e.g. medical records, it can have a more neutral sense (patient denies chest pain).
- See refute.
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|you deny||you deny||you are denying||you are denying||you have denied||you have denied||you have been denying||you have been denying|
|he denies||they deny||he is denying||they are denying||he has denied||they have denied||he has been denying||they have been denying|
|past||I denied||we denied||I was denying||we were denying||I had denied||we had denied||I had been denying||we had been denying|
|you denied||you denied||you were denying||you were denying||you had denied||you had denied||you had been denying||you had been denying|
|he denied||they denied||he was denying||they were denying||he had denied||they had denied||he had been denying||they had been denying|
|future||I will deny||we will deny||I will be denying||we will be denying||I will have denied||we will have denied||I will have been denying||we will have been denying|
|you will deny||you will deny||you will be denying||you will be denying||you will have denied||you will have denied||you will have been denying||you will have been denying|
|he will deny||they will deny||he will be denying||they will be denying||he will have denied||they will have denied||he will have been denying||they will have been denying|
|conditional||I would deny||we would deny||I would be denying||we would be denying||I would have denied||we would have denied||I would have been denying||we would have been denying|
|you would deny||you would deny||you would be denying||you would be denying||you would have denied||you would have denied||you would have been denying||you would have been denying|
|he would deny||they would deny||he would be denying||they would be denying||he would have denied||they would have denied||he would have been denying||they would have been denying|
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