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- (transitive) To decline (a request or demand).
- My request for a pay rise was refused.
- (intransitive) To decline a request or demand, forbear; to withhold permission.
- I refuse to listen to this nonsense any more.
- I asked the star if I could have her autograph, but she refused.
- 2011 September 27, Alistair Magowan, “Bayern Munich 2 - 0 Man City”, in BBC Sport:
- City were outclassed thereafter and Roberto Mancini said that substitute Carlos Tevez refused to play.
- 2018, Michael Cottakis – LSE, “Colliding worlds: Donald Trump and the European Union”, in LSE's blog:
- Trump has explicitly refused to deal with the European Commission, seeking instead to conduct bilateral relations with individual EU countries.
- (military) To throw back, or cause to keep back (as the centre, a wing, or a flank), out of the regular alignment when troops are about to engage the enemy.
- to refuse the right wing while the left wing attacks
- (obsolete, transitive) To disown.
- c. 1591–1595, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Romeo and Ivliet”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act II, scene ii]:
- Refuse thy name.
- (decline): decline, reject, nill, say no to, turn down, veto, withsake, withsay
- (decline a request or demand): say no, forbear
(transitive) decline (request, demand)
(intransitive) decline a request or demand
- (obsolete) refusal
- 1600, [Torquato Tasso], “The Twelfth Booke of Godfrey of Bulloigne”, in Edward Fairefax [i.e., Edward Fairfax], transl., Godfrey of Bulloigne, or The Recouerie of Ierusalem. […], London: […] Ar[nold] Hatfield, for I[saac] Iaggard and M[atthew] Lownes, OCLC 940138160, stanza 13, page 215:
- This ſpoken, readie with a proud refuſe [...]
- To melt again.
- inflection of :