垃圾

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Chinese[edit]

rubbish rubbish
simp. and trad.
(垃圾)
alt. forms

Etymology[edit]

From earlier 擸𢶍 (“to jumble; jumble; litter”). Reduplication derived from a root (*lap or *sap) meaning "untidy, unclean".

Second syllable of the Mainland Mandarin reading lājī is irregular, resulting from the incorrect association of the rare character in its obsolete form () with the usual pronunciation of its phonetic component ( ()).

Cognate with 邋遢 (lāta, “unclean, untidy, unkempt”) (> 邋邋遢遢, 邋裡邋遢邋里邋遢).

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

垃圾

  1. garbage; rubbish; trash; waste; refuse
    清理垃圾  ―  qīnglǐ lājī  ―  to clean up the rubbish
    垃圾  ―  rēng lājī  ―  to litter
  2. rubbish (a valueless thing)
Synonyms[edit]
Dialectal synonyms of 垃圾 ("garbage")
Variety Location Words
Mandarin Beijing 垃圾髒土
Taiwan 垃圾
Jinan 髒器垃圾
Xi'an 惡圾髒發
Wuhan 渣滓
Chengdu 渣滓渣渣
Yangzhou 灰、
Hefei 糞草
Cantonese Guangzhou 垃圾
Hong Kong 垃圾
Taishan 垃圾
Yangjiang 垃圾
Gan Nanchang 罯屑
Hakka Meixian 垃圾
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 垃圾地圾
Liudui (S. Sixian) 垃圾地圾
Hsinchu (Hailu) 垃圾
Dongshi (Dabu) 垃圾
Taiwanese Raoping 垃圾
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 垃圾
Jin Taiyuan 惡圾
Min Bei Jian'ou 垃圾
Min Dong Fuzhou 糞掃
Min Nan Quanzhou 糞掃霎洗垃圾
Xiamen 糞掃霎洗
Zhangzhou 糞掃垃圾
Taipei 垃圾仔垃儳仔糞掃
Kaohsiung 垃圾仔糞掃
Tainan 垃圾仔糞掃
Taichung 糞掃
Yilan 垃圾仔糞掃
Lukang 垃圾仔糞掃
Sanxia 糞掃
Kinmen 糞掃垃圾
Magong 糞掃
Hsinchu 糞掃
Malaysia 垃圾sampah
Chaozhou 杜糞垃圾
Wu Suzhou 垃圾
Wenzhou 糞掃垃圾
Xiang Changsha 屑子
Shuangfeng 屑子
Derived terms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

垃圾

  1. (colloquial) very bad; rubbish
    電影垃圾 / 电影垃圾  ―  Diànyǐng tài lājī le!  ―  This movie is so shit!

Pronunciation[edit]


Adjective[edit]

垃圾

  1. (Min Nan, Hakka) dirty; unhygienic
  2. (Hakka) haunted
Synonyms[edit]
Dialectal synonyms of ("dirty")
Variety Location Words
Mandarin Beijing 腌臢骯髒
Taiwan 骯髒
Jinan 窩囊腌臢
Xi'an
Wuhan 拉瓜
Chengdu 齷齪
Yangzhou 邋遢
Hefei 膿糟拾弄
Cantonese Guangzhou 污糟邋遢揦鮓
Hong Kong 污糟邋遢揦鮓
Taishan 邋遢揦鮓
Yangjiang 失引污糟揦鮓
Gan Nanchang 腌臢
Hakka Meixian 漚紐
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 屙糟
Liudui (S. Sixian) 屙糟
Hsinchu (Hailu) 屙糟
Dongshi (Dabu) 屙糟
Taiwanese Raoping 屙糟
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 屙糟
Jin Taiyuan 日髒腌臢
Min Dong Fuzhou 懶露濫𡞟五鹵垃渣齷齪
Min Nan Quanzhou 腌臢驚人
Xiamen 流瘍流死瘍垃圾驚人垃儳
Zhangzhou 腌臢垃圾淤漬驚人
Taipei 垃圾垃儳癩哥爛癆驚人
Kaohsiung 垃圾垃儳腌臢癩哥驚人
Tainan 垃圾垃儳腌臢癩哥癩哥爛癆驚人
Taichung 垃圾
Yilan 垃圾垃儳腌臢癩哥爛癆驚人
Lukang 垃圾癩哥爛癆驚人
Sanxia 垃圾腌臢癩哥驚人
Kinmen 垃圾腌臢驚人垃儳癩哥
Magong 垃圾腌臢驚人垃儳癩哥
Hsinchu 垃圾腌臢癩哥
Chaozhou 垃圾垃圾相腌臢
Wu Suzhou 齷齪邋遢
Wenzhou 鏖糟
Xiang Changsha 邋遢邋糊