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Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified
Stroke order
系-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Exists as a traditional character, with simplified forms:

Han character[edit]

(radical 120 +1, 7 strokes, cangjie input 竹女戈火 (HVIF), four-corner 20903, composition丿)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 915, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27223
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1342, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3361, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+7CFB

Chinese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕi⁵¹/
Harbin /ɕi⁵³/
Tianjin /ɕi⁵³/
Jinan /ɕi²¹/
Qingdao /ɕi⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ɕi³¹²/
Xi'an /ɕi⁴⁴/
Xining /ɕji²¹³/
Yinchuan /ɕi¹³/
Lanzhou /ɕi¹³/
Ürümqi /ɕi²¹³/
Wuhan /ɕi³⁵/
Chengdu /ɕi¹³/
Guiyang /ɕi²¹³/
Kunming /ɕi²¹²/
Nanjing /ɕi⁴⁴/
Hefei /sz̩⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕi⁴⁵/
Pingyao /ɕi³⁵/
Hohhot /ɕi⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /ɦi¹³/
Suzhou /ɦi³¹/
Hangzhou /ɕi⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /ji²²/
Hui Shexian /ɕi²²/
Tunxi /ɕie¹¹/ 關~
/t͡ɕie⁴²/ ~帶子
Xiang Changsha /ɕi⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /ɕi⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /ɕi²¹/
Hakka Meixian /hi⁵³/
Taoyuan /hi⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /hɐi²²/
Nanning /hɐi²²/
Hong Kong /hɐi²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /he²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hiɛ²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xi⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hi³⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hi³³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (33)
Final: (39)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: IV
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: xì
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɦeiH/ /ɦeiH/ /ɣɛiH/ /ɦɛjH/ /ɣeiH/ /ɣieiH/ /ɣieiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ hejH › /*[m]-kˤek-s/ bind (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13427 0 /*ɡeːɡs/

Noun[edit]

  1. department, faculty
    中文  ―  zhōngwén   ―  Chinese language facutly
  2. system
    太陽 / 太阳  ―  Tàiyáng  ―  the Solar system

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 3[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana けい, romaji -kei)

  1. system, family

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gye) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer kye, Yale kyey)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]