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U+66F2, 曲
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-66F2

[U+66F1]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+66F3]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
0 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 73, +2, 6 strokes, cangjie input 廿田 (TW) or 廿月金 (TBC) or X廿田 (XTW), four-corner 55600)

Derived characters[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 502, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14280
  • Dae Jaweon: page 873, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1484, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+66F2

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
曲-oracle.svg 曲-bronze.svg 曲-seal.svg 曲-bigseal.svg

Ideogram (指事) – a bent object.

Also simplified from via the variant character .

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • khiok - literary;
  • khiak/khek/khak - vernacular;
  • khiau - 蹺 used in the Mainland.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰy²¹⁴/
Harbin /t͡ɕʰy²¹³/ ~折
/t͡ɕʰy⁴⁴/ 大~
Tianjin /t͡ɕʰy²¹/ 彎~
/t͡ɕʰy¹³/ 歌~
Jinan /t͡ɕʰy²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡ɕʰy⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕʰy²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕʰy²⁴/
Xining /t͡ɕʰy⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰy¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰy³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰy⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰy²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡ɕʰyo³¹/
/t͡ɕʰy³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰiu²¹/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰiu³¹/
Nanjing /t͡ɕʰyʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡ɕʰyəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰyəʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡ɕʰyʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰyəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰioʔ⁵/
/t͡ɕʰyɪʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡ɕʰioʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰioʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰo²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiuʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰiu⁵/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕʰiəu²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕʰiəɯ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiuʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /kʰiuk̚¹/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /kʰok̚⁵/
Nanning /kʰuk̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /kʰuk̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰiɔk̚³²/
/kʰik̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰuɔʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰy²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰek̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /xok̚⁵/ ~調
/xiak̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (29)
Final () (8)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰɨok̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰiok̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰiok̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰuawk̚/
Li
Rong
/kʰiok̚/
Wang
Li
/kʰĭwok̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰi̯wok̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qu
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ khjowk ›
Old
Chinese
/*kʰ(r)ok/
English to bend

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10578
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰoɡ/
Definitions[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:
曲姓
  1. not straight; bent
    1. twisting
    2. curved
      / 线  ―  xiàn  ―  curve
    3. crooked
  2. wrong; not right
  3. A surname​.
Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Note:
  • khiok - literary;
  • khiak/khek - vernacular.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰy²¹⁴/
    Harbin /t͡ɕʰy²¹³/ ~折
    /t͡ɕʰy⁴⁴/ 大~
    Tianjin /t͡ɕʰy²¹/ 彎~
    /t͡ɕʰy¹³/ 歌~
    Jinan /t͡ɕʰy²¹³/
    Qingdao /t͡ɕʰy⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /t͡ɕʰy²⁴/
    Xi'an /t͡ɕʰy²⁴/
    Xining /t͡ɕʰy⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰy¹³/
    Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰy³¹/
    Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰy⁵¹/
    Wuhan /t͡ɕʰy²¹³/
    Chengdu /t͡ɕʰyo³¹/
    /t͡ɕʰy³¹/
    Guiyang /t͡ɕʰiu²¹/
    Kunming /t͡ɕʰiu³¹/
    Nanjing /t͡ɕʰyʔ⁵/
    Hefei /t͡ɕʰyəʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰyəʔ²/
    Pingyao /t͡ɕʰyʌʔ¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡ɕʰyəʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰioʔ⁵/
    /t͡ɕʰyɪʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /t͡ɕʰioʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰioʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰo²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiuʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /t͡ɕʰiu⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕʰiəu²⁴/
    Xiangtan /t͡ɕʰiəɯ²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiuʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /kʰiuk̚¹/
    Taoyuan
    Cantonese Guangzhou /kʰok̚⁵/
    Nanning /kʰuk̚⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /kʰuk̚⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰiɔk̚³²/
    /kʰik̚³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰuɔʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰy²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰek̚²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /xok̚⁵/ ~調
    /xiak̚⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (29)
    Final () (8)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kʰɨok̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʰiok̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kʰiok̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kʰuawk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /kʰiok̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /kʰĭwok̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kʰi̯wok̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    qu
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ khjowk ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰ(r)ok/
    English to bend

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 10578
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰoɡ/
    Definitions[edit]

    1. song
        ―    ―  song
      調 /   ―  diào  ―  melody
    Synonyms[edit]
    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“yeast; alcoholic beverage; etc.”).
    (This character, , is the simplified form of .)
    Notes:

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. Song
    2. Bent,curved

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Kanji in this term
    きょく
    Grade: 3
    on’yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana きょく, rōmaji kyoku)

    1. a piece of music

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (gok) (hangeul )

    1. bent, crooked
    2. false, wrong
    3. a piece of music

    Compounds[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (khúc)

    1. Being bent
    2. A bend, bent object(s), bent and/or tight places (鄉曲: small/tiny rural area/village)
    3. Being flexible. 曲為之說: apologize for other people in a fluent way.