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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

農 農 農 農
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

In current form Ideogrammic compound (會意):  +  (field). Top unrelated to 曲, and previously two hands, one on either side of a bundle – a farmer bringing goods to market, from the field 辰.

Han character[edit]

(radical 161 +6, 13 strokes, cangjie input 廿田一一女 (TWMMV), four-corner 55232, composition)

  1. agriculture, farming
  2. farmer

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1252, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38688
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1733, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3607, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+8FB2

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (農), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 泥 (8)
Final: 冬
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 奴冬切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/nuoŋ/ /nuoŋ/ /noŋ/ /nuoŋ/ /nawŋ/ /nuoŋ/ /noŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
nóng ‹ nowng › /*nˤ[o]ŋ/ agriculture; to farm

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9571 0 /*nuːŋ/ 金文從田不從囟

Definitions[edit]

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(nong)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: nong, McCune-Reischauer: nong, Yale: nong)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nông, nong, nôn, núng)

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