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U+51AC, 冬
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-51AC

[U+51AB]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+51AD]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
冬-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 15 +3, 5 strokes, cangjie input 竹水卜 (HEY), four-corner 27303, composition (GTJV) or ⿱ (K))

  1. winter, 11th lunar month
  2. bang, thud (, )

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 131, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1610
  • Dae Jaweon: page 294, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 867, character 19
  • Unihan data for U+51AC

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
冬-oracle.svg 冬-bronze.svg 冬-bigseal.svg 冬-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*dɯːŋ, *duːŋ
*tuːŋ
*tuːŋ
*tuːŋ
*tʰuːŋ, *duːŋ
*duːŋ
*duːŋ
*duːŋ
*tjuŋ
*tjuŋ
*tjuŋ
*tjuŋ
*tjuŋ
*tjuŋ
*tjuŋ

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /tuŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /tuŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /tuŋ²¹/
Jinan /tuŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /təŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /tuŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /tuŋ²¹/
Xining /tuə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /tuŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /tũn³¹/
Ürümqi /tuŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /toŋ⁵⁵/
Chengdu /toŋ⁵⁵/
Guiyang /toŋ⁵⁵/
Kunming /toŋ/
Nanjing /toŋ³¹/
Hefei /təŋ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /tuəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /tuŋ¹³/
Hohhot /tũŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /toŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /toŋ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /toŋ³³/
Wenzhou /toŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /tʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /tan¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /toŋ³³/
Xiangtan /tən³³/
Gan Nanchang /tuŋ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /tuŋ⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /tuŋ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /toŋ⁵³/
Nanning /tuŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /tuŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tɔŋ⁵⁵/
/taŋ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tøyŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tɔŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /toŋ³³/
/taŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔdoŋ²³/
/ʔdaŋ²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (5)
Final () (5)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tuoŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/tuoŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/toŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tawŋ/
Li
Rong
/toŋ/
Wang
Li
/tuoŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tuoŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
dōng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
dōng
Middle
Chinese
‹ towng ›
Old
Chinese
/*tˤuŋ/
English winter

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 2419
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tuːŋ/

Noun[edit]

  1. winter

Compounds[edit]

See also[edit]

Seasons in Chinese · 四季 (sìjì) (layout · text)
(chūn, “spring”) (xià, “summer”) (qiū, “fall; autumn”) (“winter”)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
ふゆ
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ふゆ, romaji fuyu)

  1. winter (season)

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

Seasons in Japanese ·  () ()(shiki) (layout · text)
 (はる)(haru, spring)  (なつ)(natsu, summer)  (あき)(aki, fall; autumn)  (ふゆ)(fuyu, winter)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(dong) (hangeul , revised dong, McCune-Reischauer tong)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(đông, đong)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.