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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
冬-order.gif
Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
冬-oracle.svg 冬-bronze.svg 冬-bigseal.svg 冬-seal.svg

Han character[edit]

(radical 15 +3, 5 strokes, cangjie input 竹水卜 (HEY), four-corner 27303, composition (GTJV) or ⿱ (K))

  1. winter, 11th lunar month
  2. bang, thud (, )

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 131, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1610
  • Dae Jaweon: page 294, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 867, character 19
  • Unihan data for U+51AC

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /tuŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /tuŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /tuŋ²¹/
Jinan /tuŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /təŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /tuŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /tuŋ²¹/
Xining /tuə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /tuŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /tũn³¹/
Ürümqi /tuŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /toŋ⁵⁵/
Chengdu /toŋ⁵⁵/
Guiyang /toŋ⁵⁵/
Kunming /toŋ/
Nanjing /toŋ³¹/
Hefei /təŋ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /tuəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /tuŋ¹³/
Hohhot /tũŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /toŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /toŋ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /toŋ³³/
Wenzhou /toŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /tʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /tan¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /toŋ³³/
Xiangtan /tən³³/
Gan Nanchang /tuŋ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /tuŋ⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /tuŋ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /toŋ⁵³/
Nanning /tuŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /tuŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tɔŋ⁵⁵/
/taŋ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tøyŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tɔŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /toŋ³³/
/taŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔdoŋ²³/
/ʔdaŋ²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (5)
Final: (5)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: dōng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/tuoŋ/ /tuoŋ/ /toŋ/ /tawŋ/ /toŋ/ /tuoŋ/ /tuoŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
dōng ‹ towng › /*tˤuŋ/ winter

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
2419 0 /*tuːŋ/

Noun[edit]

  1. winter

Compounds[edit]

See also[edit]

Seasons in Chinese · 四季 (sìjì, “four seasons”) (layout · text)
(chūn, “spring”) (xià, “summer”) (qiū, “fall; autumn”) (“winter”)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Kanji in this term
ふゆ
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ふゆ, romaji fuyu)

  1. winter (season)

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

Seasons in Japanese ·  () () ‎(shiki, four seasons) (layout · text)
 (はる) ‎(haru, spring)  (なつ) ‎(natsu, summer)  (あき) ‎(aki, fall; autumn)  (ふゆ) ‎(fuyu, winter)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(dong) (hangeul , revised dong, McCune-Reischauer tong)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(đông, đong)

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