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See also:
U+51AC, 冬
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-51AC

[U+51AB]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+51AD]
冬 U+2F81A, 冬
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F81A
仌
[U+2F819]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 况
[U+2F81B]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
冬-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 15 +3, 5 strokes, cangjie input 竹水卜 (HEY), four-corner 27303, composition (GTJV) or ⿱ (K))

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 131, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1610
  • Dae Jaweon: page 294, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 867, character 19
  • Unihan data for U+51AC

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Ancient script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
冬-oracle.svg 冬-bronze-warring.svg 冬-silk.svg 冬-slip.svg 冬-ancient.svg 冬-seal.svg 冬-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*dɯːŋ, *duːŋ
*tuːŋ
*tuːŋ
*tuːŋ
*tʰuːŋ, *duːŋ
*duːŋ
*duːŋ
*duːŋ
*tjuŋ
*tjuŋ
*tjuŋ
*tjuŋ
*tjuŋ
*tjuŋ
*tjuŋ

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • tang - vernacular;
  • tong - literary.
Note:
  • dang1 - vernacular;
  • dong1 - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /tuŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /tuŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /tuŋ²¹/
Jinan /tuŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /təŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /tuŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /tuŋ²¹/
Xining /tuə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /tuŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /tũn³¹/
Ürümqi /tuŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /toŋ⁵⁵/
Chengdu /toŋ⁵⁵/
Guiyang /toŋ⁵⁵/
Kunming /toŋ/
Nanjing /toŋ³¹/
Hefei /təŋ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /tuəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /tuŋ¹³/
Hohhot /tũŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /toŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /toŋ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /toŋ³³/
Wenzhou /toŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /tʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /tan¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /toŋ³³/
Xiangtan /tən³³/
Gan Nanchang /tuŋ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /tuŋ⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /tuŋ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /toŋ⁵³/
Nanning /tuŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /tuŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tɔŋ⁵⁵/
/taŋ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tøyŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tɔŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /toŋ³³/
/taŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔdoŋ²³/
/ʔdaŋ²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (5)
Final () (5)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tuoŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/tuoŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/toŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tawŋ/
Li
Rong
/toŋ/
Wang
Li
/tuoŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tuoŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
dōng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
dōng
Middle
Chinese
‹ towng ›
Old
Chinese
/*tˤuŋ/
English winter

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 2419
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tuːŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. winter
  2. (Min Nan) year
  3. Alternative form of (dōng, “bang; thud”).

Compounds[edit]

See also[edit]

Seasons in Chinese · 四季 (sìjì, “four seasons”) (layout · text)
(chūn, “spring”) (xià, “summer”) (qiū, “fall; autumn”) (“winter”)

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“rat-a-tat tat; etc.”).
(This character, , is the simplified form of , which is in turn a variant form of .)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
ふゆ
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ふゆ, rōmaji fuyu)

  1. winter (season)
     (ふゆ) (きょう) (ふう)
    Fuyu no Kyōfū
    The Winds of Winter

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

Seasons in Japanese ·  () () (shiki, four seasons) (layout · text)
 (はる) (haru, spring)  (なつ) (natsu, summer)  (あき) (aki, fall; autumn)  (ふゆ) (fuyu, winter)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(dong) (hangeul , revised dong, McCune-Reischauer tong)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(đông, đong)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.