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U+67CA, 柊
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-67CA

[U+67C9]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+67CB]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 75 +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 木竹水卜 (DHEY), four-corner 47933, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 518, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14610
  • Dae Jaweon: page 906, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1187, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+67CA

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
Wikipedia has articles on:
柊树 (Written Standard Chinese?)

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*dɯːŋ, *duːŋ
*tuːŋ
*tuːŋ
*tuːŋ
*tʰuːŋ, *duːŋ
*duːŋ
*duːŋ
*duːŋ
*tjuŋ
*tjuŋ
*tjuŋ
*tjuŋ
*tjuŋ
*tjuŋ
*tjuŋ

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (23)
Final () (2)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕɨuŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕiuŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕiuŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cuwŋ/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕiuŋ/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭuŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕi̯uŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhōng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 2431
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tjuŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. holly osmanthus

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. holly

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
ひいらぎ
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

*/pi1pi1ra ki2/ invalid IPA characters (/112)/pipiraɡi//fifiraɡi//hiːraɡi/

From Old Japanese, attested in the Kojiki. Originally a compound of (hihira, ache, obsolete) + (ki, tree), from the tree's sharp leaves. (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “extend for 'ponyfish' meaning”

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ひいらぎ, katakana ヒイラギ, rōmaji hīragi, historical hiragana ひひらぎ, historical katakana ヒヒラギ)

  1. holly olive (Osmanthus heterophyllus); false holly
  2. (by extension) holly
  3. spotnape ponyfish (Leiognathus nuchalis)​
Usage notes[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana ひいらぎ, rōmaji Hīragi, historical hiragana ひひらぎ)

  1. A female given name
  2. A surname​.

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ひらぎ
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

/pipiraɡi/*/firaɡi/ invalid IPA characters (/)/hiraɡi/

Shift from hīragi above. (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ひらぎ, katakana ヒラギ, rōmaji hiragi)

  1. Same as ひいらぎ above.

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana ひらぎ, rōmaji Hiragi)

  1. A surname​.

Etymology 3[edit]

Various nanori readings.

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana しゅう, rōmaji Shū)

  1. A female given name

(hiragana のえる, rōmaji Noeru)

  1. A female given name

(hiragana ひいら, rōmaji Hīra, historical hiragana ひひら)

  1. A female given name

(hiragana ひいらぎさき, rōmaji Hīragisaki, historical hiragana ひひらぎさき)

  1. A surname​.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jong) (hangeul , revised jong, McCune-Reischauer chong, Yale cong)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(dông)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.