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U+67CA, 柊
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-67CA

[U+67C9]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+67CB]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 75, +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 木竹水卜 (DHEY), four-corner 47933, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 518, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14610
  • Dae Jaweon: page 906, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1187, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+67CA

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
Wikipedia has articles on:
柊树 (Written Standard Chinese?)

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*dɯːŋ, *duːŋ
*tuːŋ
*tuːŋ
*tuːŋ
*tʰuːŋ, *duːŋ
*duːŋ
*duːŋ
*duːŋ
*tjuŋ
*tjuŋ
*tjuŋ
*tjuŋ
*tjuŋ
*tjuŋ
*tjuŋ

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (23)
Final () (2)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕɨuŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕiuŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕiuŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cuwŋ/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕiuŋ/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭuŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕi̯uŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhōng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 2431
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tjuŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. holly osmanthus

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. holly osmanthus (Osmanthus heterophyllus)

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Osmanthus heterophyllus
(hīragi): a holly osmanthus
Kanji in this term
ひいらぎ
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

⟨pi1pi1ra ki2 → */pʲipʲiraɡʷi//fifiraɡi//hiwiraɡi//hiːraɡi/

From Old Japanese, first attested in the Kojiki (720 CE).

Appears to derive as the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of now-obsolete verb 疼ぐ (hīragu, to hurt with a stinging pain), in reference to the sharp thorns on the leaves.[1]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “extend for "spotnape ponyfish" sense”

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (holly osmanthus): 疼木
  • (spotnape ponyfish):

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ひいらぎ, katakana ヒイラギ, rōmaji hīragi, historical hiragana ひひらぎ, historical katakana ヒヒラギ)

  1. Osmanthus heterophyllus, a species of flowering plants known as the holly olive, holly osmanthus, or false holly
    Hypernym: 木犀 (mokusei)
  2. a style of 家紋 (kamon, family crest) with designs of hīragi leaves
  3. Nuchequula nuchalis, the spotnape ponyfish
    Hypernym: (suzuki)
Usage notes[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana ひいらぎ, rōmaji Hīragi, historical hiragana ひひらぎ)

  1. a female given name
  2. a surname

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ひらぎ
Jinmeiyō
Irregular

/hiːraɡi//hiraɡi/

Shift from hīragi above.[3][1]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ひらぎ, katakana ヒラギ, rōmaji hiragi)

  1. Same as ひいらぎ (hīragi) above

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana ひらぎ, rōmaji Hiragi)

  1. a surname

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
しゅう
Jinmeiyō
kan’on

/t͡ɕɨu//ɕʲuː//ɕuː/

From Middle Chinese (MC t͡ɕɨuŋ).

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana しゅう, rōmaji Shū)

  1. a female given name

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jong) (hangeul , revised jong, McCune–Reischauer chong, Yale cong)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(dông)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.