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U+67CA, 柊
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-67CA

[U+67C9]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+67CB]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 75, +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 木竹水卜 (DHEY), four-corner 47933, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 518, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14610
  • Dae Jaweon: page 906, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1187, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+67CA

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
Wikipedia has articles on:

Glyph origin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (23)
Final () (2)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕɨuŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕiuŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕiuŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cuwŋ/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕiuŋ/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭuŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕi̯uŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhōng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
zung1
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 2431
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tjuŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. holly osmanthus

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. holly osmanthus (Osmanthus heterophyllus)

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Osmanthus heterophyllus
(hīragi): a holly osmanthus
Kanji in this term
ひいらぎ
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

⟨pi1pi1ra ki2 → */pʲipʲiraɡʷi//fifiraɡi//hiwiraɡi//hiːraɡi/

From Old Japanese, first attested in the Kojiki (720 C.E.).

Appears to derive as the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of now-obsolete verb 疼ぐ (hīragu, to hurt with a stinging pain), in reference to the sharp thorns on the leaves.[1]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “extend for "spotnape ponyfish" sense”)

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (holly osmanthus): 疼木
  • (spotnape ponyfish):

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(ひいらぎ) (hīragiひひらぎ (fifiragi)?

  1. Osmanthus heterophyllus, a species of flowering plants known as the holly olive, holly osmanthus, or false holly
    Hypernym: 木犀 (mokusei)
  2. a style of 家紋 (kamon, family crest) with designs of hīragi leaves
  3. Nuchequula nuchalis, the spotnape ponyfish
    Hypernym: (suzuki)
Usage notes[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(ひいらぎ) (Hīragiひひらぎ (fifiragi)?

  1. a female given name
  2. a surname

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ひらぎ
Jinmeiyō
Irregular

/hiːraɡi//hiraɡi/

Shift from hīragi above.[3][1]

Noun[edit]

(ひらぎ) (hiragi

  1. Same as ひいらぎ (hīragi) above

Proper noun[edit]

(ひらぎ) (Hiragi

  1. a surname

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
しゅう
Jinmeiyō
kan’on

/t͡ɕɨu//ɕʲuː//ɕuː/

From Middle Chinese (MC t͡ɕɨuŋ).

Proper noun[edit]

(しゅう) (Shū

  1. a female given name

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jong) (hangeul , revised jong, McCune–Reischauer chong, Yale cong)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: dông

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.