thorn

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See also: Thorn and þorn

English[edit]

thorns of a plant (sense 1)
upper- and lower-case versions of the thorn character (sense 4)

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English thorn, þorn, from Old English þorn, þyrn (thorn), from Proto-West Germanic *þornu, from Proto-Germanic *þurnuz, from Proto-Indo-European *tr̥nós, from *(s)ter- (stiff).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

thorn (plural thorns)

  1. (botany) A sharp protective spine of a plant.
  2. Any shrub or small tree that bears thorns, especially a hawthorn.
    the white thorn
    the cockspur thorn
  3. (figuratively) That which pricks or annoys; anything troublesome.
  4. A letter of Latin script (capital: Þ, small: þ), borrowed from the futhark; today used only in Icelandic to represent the voiceless dental fricative, but originally used in several early Germanic scripts, including Old English where it represented the dental fricatives that are today written th (Old English did not have phonemic voicing distinctions for fricatives).
    • See also Etymology of ye (definite article).

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb[edit]

thorn (third-person singular simple present thorns, present participle thorning, simple past and past participle thorned)

  1. To pierce with, or as if with, a thorn
    • 1869, Harriet Beecher Stowe, Old Town Folks[1]:
      [] human nature is, above all things, lazy, and needs to be thorned and goaded up those heights where it ought to fly.
    • 2003, Scott D. Zachary, Scorn This, page 175:
      Even Judge Bradley's callused sentiments were thorned by the narration of Jaclyn's journals.

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old English þorn, from Proto-Germanic *þurnuz, from Proto-Indo-European *tr̥nós.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

thorn (plural thornes)

  1. A thorn (spine on a plant with a sharp point)
  2. Thorn or eth (the letter þ and/or ð)
  3. A plant having thorns, especially the hawthorn or rosebush.
  4. (rare) Thorns pulled from the ground for burning.
  5. (rare) A dish incorporating hawthorn.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • English: thorn
  • Scots: thorn; torn (Shetland)

References[edit]


Old Saxon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *þornu (thorn, sloe)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

thorn m

  1. thorn; thorny bush

Declension[edit]


Descendants[edit]