gai

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Gai, gái, gài, gãi, gāi, gǎi, and ga'i

Basque[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Of unknown origin. Probably from the suffix -gai, and not the other way round.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

gai inan

  1. material
  2. matter, stuff
  3. topic, subject

Declension[edit]

Declension of gai (inanimate, ending in vowel)
indefinite singular plural
absolutive gai gaia gaiak
ergative gaik gaiak gaiek
dative gairi gaiari gaiei
genitive gairen gaiaren gaien
comitative gairekin gaiarekin gaiekin
causative gairengatik gaiarengatik gaiengatik
benefactive gairentzat gaiarentzat gaientzat
instrumental gaiez gaiaz gaiez
inessive gaitan gaian gaietan
locative gaitako gaiko gaietako
allative gaitara gaira gaietara
terminative gaitaraino gairaino gaietaraino
directive gaitarantz gairantz gaietarantz
destinative gaitarako gairako gaietarako
ablative gaitatik gaitik gaietatik
partitive gairik
prolative gaitzat

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ gai” in Etymological Dictionary of Basque by R. L. Trask, sussex.ac.uk

Further reading[edit]

  • "gai" in Euskaltzaindiaren Hiztegia [Dictionary of the Basque Academy], euskaltzaindia.eus
  • gai” in Orotariko Euskal Hiztegia [General Basque Dictionary], euskaltzaindia.eus

Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Occitan gai. Compare Sicilian javiu.

Adjective[edit]

gai (feminine gaia, masculine plural gais, feminine plural gaies)

  1. gay, merry
    Synonyms: alegre, festiu
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from English gay.

Adjective[edit]

gai (masculine and feminine plural gais)

  1. gay, homosexual

Noun[edit]

gai m (plural gais)

  1. gay man

Further reading[edit]


Cebuano[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Shortening.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: ga‧i

Verb[edit]

gai

  1. Short for tagai.

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French gai, from Old Occitan gai, from Gothic *𐌲𐌰𐌷𐌴𐌹𐍃 (*gaheis, impetuous)[1]; or from Frankish *gāhi (fast, sudden, impetuous), Frankish *wāhi (pretty)[2], both from Proto-Germanic *ganhuz (lively, fast, quick);

or (per Liberman, Chance, Meier) from Latin vagus (wandering, inconstant, flighty), with *[w] → [g] as in French gaine[3]. Doublet of vague in that case.

Cognate with English gay and Italian gaio.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

gai (feminine gaie, masculine plural gais, feminine plural gaies)

  1. cheerful; merry
  2. gay; homosexual

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Louisiana Creole French:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Picoche, Jacqueline; Jean-Claude Rolland (2009), “gai”, in Dictionnaire étymologique du français (in French), Paris: Dictionnaires Le Robert
  2. ^ Dauzat, Albert; Jean Dubois, Henri Mitterand (1964) Nouveau dictionnaire étymologique (in French), Paris: Librairie Larousse
  3. ^ http://blog.oup.com/2012/02/word-origin-roots-gay/

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Irish[edit]

Noun[edit]

gai m (genitive singular gai, nominative plural gaethe)

  1. Obsolete spelling of gae (spear, dart; ray)

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
gai ghai ngai
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Italian[edit]

Adjective[edit]

gai

  1. masculine plural of gaio

Anagrams[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

gai

  1. Rōmaji transcription of がい

Mandarin[edit]

Romanization[edit]

gai

  1. Nonstandard spelling of gāi.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of gǎi.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of gài.

Usage notes[edit]

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Occitan gai.

Adjective[edit]

gai m (oblique and nominative feminine singular gaie)

  1. happy; cheerful; gay

Descendants[edit]


Old Occitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Perhaps of Germanic origin and from Frankish *gahi, from Proto-Germanic *ganhuz (quick, lively, fast).

Adjective[edit]

gai m or f (plural gais)

  1. happy; joyous
    • circa 1145, Bernard de Ventadour, Lo gens tems de pascor:
      Per que tuih amador
      Son gai e chantador
      For all the lovers
      are joyous and full of song

Descendants[edit]


Old Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably from Latin gaudium (joy), as borrowed from Old Occitan gai;[1] alternatively of Germanic origin. Cognate with English gay and Italian gaio.

Adjective[edit]

gai

  1. happy; joyous
    • late 13rd century - early 14th century, Fernando Esquio, A un frade dizem escarallado:
      Cuid'eu que gai é, de piss'arreitado
      I believe he gets happy when his dick's erect

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Joan Coromines; José A. Pascual (1983–1991), “gayo”, in Diccionario crítico etimológico castellano e hispánico (in Spanish), Madrid: Gredos

Papiamentu[edit]

The Laughing Chicken.jpg

Etymology[edit]

From Portuguese galo and Spanish gallo.

Noun[edit]

gai

  1. rooster

Rohingya[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Noun[edit]

gai

  1. cow

Vietnamese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Vietic *t-keː. Cognate with Arem takeː ("horn"), Proto-Bahnaric *ʔəkɛː (whence Bahnar ake/hơke) and Proto-Katuic *kii, *ʔakii (whence Pacoh ki (horn on nose, single tusk of rhino)).

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (North Central Vietnam) cây

Noun[edit]

(classifier cái) gai (𦃮 - )

  1. hemp-nettle
  2. thorn
  3. prickle
  4. (Central Vietnam) pineapple
Derived terms[edit]
Derived terms

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Vietic *-keː (ramie).

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (North Central Vietnam) cây

Noun[edit]

(classifier cây) gai

  1. ramie

Anagrams[edit]


West Makian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

gai

  1. (stative) to be dead

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of gai (stative verb)
singular plural
inclusive exclusive
1st person tigai migai agai
2nd person nigai figai
3rd person inanimate igai digai
animate magai
imperative —, gai —, gai

Alternative forms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

  • fagei (to kill (of non-humans))
  • magei (dead, to die)

References[edit]

  • Dick Teljeur (1982) Short Wordlists from South Halmahera, Kayoa, Makian, Ternate, Tidore, and Bacan[1], Pacific linguistics
  • James Collins (1982) Further Notes Towards a West Makian Vocabulary[2], Pacific linguistics

Yola[edit]

Adjective[edit]

gai

  1. Alternative form of gaaye

References[edit]

  • Jacob Poole (1867), William Barnes, editor, A Glossary, With some Pieces of Verse, of the old Dialect of the English Colony in the Baronies of Forth and Bargy, County of Wexford, Ireland, London: J. Russell Smith, page 40

Zhuang[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Etymology 1[edit]

From Chinese (MC kˠɛ, kˠɛi, “street”). Cognate with Bouyei gaail. Compare Cantonese (gaai1).

Noun[edit]

gai (Sawndip form , 1957–1982 spelling gai)

  1. street

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Tai *p.qaːjᴬ (to sell). Cognate with Thai ขาย (kǎai), Northern Thai ᨡᩣ᩠ᨿ, Lao ຂາຍ (khāi), ᦃᦻ (ẋaay), Tai Dam ꪄꪱꪥ, Shan ၶၢႆ (khǎai), Ahom 𑜁𑜩 (khay), Bouyei gaail. Compare Proto-Kam-Sui *kwe¹ (to sell) (whence Sui beel).

Verb[edit]

gai (Sawndip forms 𰷔 or ⿰改賣 or ⿰賣亥 or or or or 𬻦 or ⿱夫⿰丿丨 or ⿰出卖 or ⿰卖该 or ⿲丶开丶, 1957–1982 spelling gai)

  1. to sell
    Synonym: siu
    Antonym: cawx
Derived terms[edit]