- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈsɒmbə/
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈsɑmbɚ/
Audio (US) (file) Audio (US) (file)
- Rhymes: -ɒmbə(ɹ)
- Hyphenation: som‧bre
- Dark; gloomy; shadowy, dimly lit.
- 2015, Hermann Kauders, Before The Cock Crows, →ISBN, page 9:
- The lady led him into a sombre hallway and disappeared. A moment later the windowless chamber was illuminated by the entry of a heavenly creature emitting a radiance prone to pierce the heart of any youth exposed to it.
- Dull or dark in colour or brightness.
- 1877, The Black Band; or, The Mysteries of Midnight, page 47:
- His tall and slender figure, dressed in sombre black, his hair of that peculiar reddish auburn so rarely seen, his flashing black eyes, in which a fitful fire seemed for ever burning; all combined to give something almost of a demoniac air ...
- Melancholic, gloomy, dreary, dismal; grim.
- 1904 January 29 – October 7, Joseph Conrad, Nostromo: A Tale of the Seaboard, London, New York, N.Y.: Harper & Brothers […], published 1904, →OCLC:
- It was a wonder that he had not been a victim of the ferocious and summary executions which marked the course of that tyranny; for Guzman had ruled the country with the sombre imbecility of political fanaticism.
- 2012, Peter Turnbull, Aftermath, Severn House Publishers Ltd, →ISBN:
- A sombre mood, very sombre in fact, thought Hennessey, as he stood against the wall observing the procedure for the police. He had not known a mood more sombre to have previously descended on the room.
- Grave; extremely serious.
- a sombre situation
- To make sombre or dark; to make shady.
- “sombre”, in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, Springfield, Mass.: G. & C. Merriam, 1913, →OCLC.
Inherited from Old French sombre, likely from Latin sub umbra (“in/under the shade”); compare Spanish and Portuguese sombra (“shade, shadow”). Possibly derived through a verb *sombrer, from a Vulgar Latin *subumbrāre (“to shade, enshadow”), though this does not seem necessary. Compare also Old French essombre, with a different prefix.
sombre (plural sombres)
- (derogatory) right, damn, bloody
- un sombre crétin ― a prize idiot, a complete idiot, an unspeakable imbecile
- → English: sombre
- inflection of :
- “sombre”, in Trésor de la langue française informatisé [Digitized Treasury of the French Language], 2012.
sombre m or f