somber

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • sombre (Commonwealth English, often Canada)

Etymology[edit]

From French sombre ‎(shady, gloomy), from Spanish sombra ‎(shade, dark part of a picture, also a ghost), probably from Latin *subumbrare, from sub ‎(under) + umbra ‎(shade).[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

somber ‎(comparative somberer, superlative somberest)

  1. Dark or dreary in character; joyless, and grim.
    • 2002, Dirk Wittenborn, Fierce People:
      My mother prepared herself for the evening with the same somber deliberateness of the gladiators in Spartacus.
  2. Dark, lacking color or brightness.

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

somber ‎(third-person singular simple present sombers, present participle sombering, simple past and past participle sombered)

  1. Alternative form of sombre

References[edit]

  1. ^ somber” in Dictionary.com Unabridged, v1.0.1, Lexico Publishing Group, 2006.
  2. ^ somber” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary (2001).

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

somber ‎(comparative somberder, superlative somberst)

  1. somber (US), sombre (Commonwealth)

Declension[edit]

Inflection of somber
uninflected somber
inflected sombere
comparative somberder
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial somber somberder het somberst
het somberste
indefinite m./f. sing. sombere somberdere somberste
n. sing. somber somberder somberste
plural sombere somberdere somberste
definite sombere somberdere somberste
partitive sombers somberders

Derived terms[edit]