gloom

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English *gloom, *glom, from Old English glōm (gloaming, twilight, darkness), from Proto-Germanic *glōmaz (gleam, shimmer, sheen), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰel- (to gleam, shimmer, glow). Cognate with Norwegian glom (transparent membrane).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gloom (uncountable)

  1. Darkness, dimness or obscurity.
    the gloom of a forest, or of midnight
    • 1898, J. Meade Falkner, Moonfleet Chapter 4
      Here was a surprise, and a sad one for me, for I perceived that I had slept away a day, and that the sun was setting for another night. And yet it mattered little, for night or daytime there was no light to help me in this horrible place; and though my eyes had grown accustomed to the gloom, I could make out nothing to show me where to work.
  2. A melancholy, depressing or despondent atmosphere.
  3. Cloudiness or heaviness of mind; melancholy; aspect of sorrow; low spirits; dullness.
    • Burke
      A sullen gloom and furious disorder prevailed by fits.
  4. A drying oven used in gunpowder manufacture.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

gloom (third-person singular simple present glooms, present participle glooming, simple past and past participle gloomed)

  1. (intransitive) To be dark or gloomy.
    • Goldsmith
      The black gibbet glooms beside the way.
    • 1891, Mary Noailles Murfree, In the "Stranger People's" Country, Nebraska 2005, p. 189:
      Around all the dark forest gloomed.
  2. (intransitive) to look or feel sad, sullen or despondent.
    • D. H. Lawrence
      Ciss was a big, dark-complexioned, pug-faced young woman who seemed to be glooming about something.
  3. (transitive) To render gloomy or dark; to obscure; to darken.
    • Walpole
      A bow window [] gloomed with limes.
    • Tennyson
      A black yew gloomed the stagnant air.
  4. (transitive) To fill with gloom; to make sad, dismal, or sullen.
    • Tennyson
      Such a mood as that which lately gloomed your fancy.
    • Goldsmith
      What sorrows gloomed that parting day.
  5. To shine or appear obscurely or imperfectly; to glimmer.

Quotations[edit]