sullen

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English solein, from Anglo-Norman soleyn (alone), from sole (single, sole, alone), from Latin sōlus (by oneself alone). The change in meaning from "single" to morose occurred in Middle English.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sullen (comparative sullener, superlative sullenest)

  1. Having a brooding ill temper; sulky.
    • Prior
      And sullen I forsook the imperfect feast.
  2. Gloomy; dismal; foreboding.
  3. Sluggish; slow.
    • Sir Walter Scott
      The larger stream was placid, and even sullen, in its course.
  4. (obsolete) Lonely; solitary; desolate.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Wyclif Bible (Job iii. 14) to this entry?)
  5. (obsolete) Mischievous; malignant; unpropitious.
    • Dryden
      Such sullen planets at my birth did shine.
  6. (obsolete) Obstinate; intractable.
    • Tillotson
      Things are as sullen as we are.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

sullen (plural sullens)

  1. (obsolete) One who is solitary, or lives alone; a hermit.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Piers Plowman to this entry?)
  2. (in the plural) Sullen feelings or manners; sulks; moroseness.
    to have the sullens

Anagrams[edit]


Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch skulan, sulan, from Proto-Germanic *skulaną.

Verb[edit]

sullen

  1. (auxiliary) must, to have to
  2. (auxiliary, negated) may, be allowed to
  3. (auxiliary) will, shall, be going to (future tense)
    • 1249, Schepenbrief van Bochoute, Velzeke, eastern Flanders:
      Descepenen van bochouta quedden alle degene die dese lettren sien selen i(n) onsen here.
      The aldermen of Bochoute address all who will see this letter by our lord.
  4. (auxiliary, in the past tense) to be about to (inchoative)
  5. (modal auxiliary) indicates a possible or hypothetical situation
  6. (modal auxiliary) indicates information garnered from a third party that may or may not be reliable

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Alternative forms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • sullen”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • sullen”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929

Northern Sami[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Verb[edit]

sullen

  1. first-person singular past indicative of suollit