sullen

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English solein, from Anglo-Norman solein (alone), from sole (single, sole, alone), from Latin sōlus (by oneself alone). The change in meaning from "single" to morose occurred in Middle English.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sullen (comparative sullener, superlative sullenest)

  1. Having a brooding ill temper; sulky.
    • Prior
      And sullen I forsook the imperfect feast.
  2. Gloomy; dismal; foreboding.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Milton to this entry?)
  3. Sluggish; slow.
    • Sir Walter Scott
      The larger stream was placid, and even sullen, in its course.
  4. (obsolete) Lonely; solitary; desolate.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Wyclif Bible (Job iii. 14) to this entry?)
  5. (obsolete) Mischievous; malignant; unpropitious.
    • Dryden
      Such sullen planets at my birth did shine.
  6. (obsolete) Obstinate; intractable.
    • Tillotson
      Things are as sullen as we are.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

sullen (plural sullens)

  1. (obsolete) One who is solitary, or lives alone; a hermit.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Piers Plowman to this entry?)
  2. Sullen feelings or manners; sulks; moroseness.
    to have the sullens

Middle Dutch[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch skulan, sulan, from Proto-Germanic *skulaną.

Verb[edit]

sullen

  1. (auxiliary) must, to have to
  2. (auxiliary, negated) may, be allowed to
  3. (auxiliary) will, shall, be going to (future tense)
  4. (auxiliary, in the past tense) to be about to (inchoative)
  5. (modal auxiliary) indicates a possible or hypothetical situation
  6. (modal auxiliary) indicates information garnered from a third party that may or may not be reliable

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants[edit]