sollen

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch sollen, from Middle French soller.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

sollen

  1. to throw back and forth (of a ball)
  2. to play, to mess
    We laten niet met ons sollen!
    We won't let anyone mess with us!

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of sollen (weak)
infinitive sollen
past singular solde
past participle gesold
infinitive sollen
gerund sollen n
verbal noun
present tense past tense
1st person singular sol solde
2nd person sing. (jij) solt solde
2nd person sing. (u) solt solde
2nd person sing. (gij) solt solde
3rd person singular solt solde
plural sollen solden
subjunctive sing.1 solle solde
subjunctive plur.1 sollen solden
imperative sing. sol
imperative plur.1 solt
participles sollend gesold
1) Archaic.

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German sculan, skulan, from Proto-Germanic *skulaną. Cognate with English shall and should, Dutch zullen, Danish skulle, Swedish skall and skulle.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

sollen (irregular, third-person singular simple present soll, past tense sollte, past participle gesollt, auxiliary haben)

  1. (auxiliary) should; to be obligated (to do something); ought; shall
    Ich soll das machen. — “I should do that.”
    Ich sollte das nicht tun. — “I should not do it.”
  2. (auxiliary) to be recommended (to do something); to be asked (to do something)
  3. (auxiliary) to be intended (to do something); to be meant (to be something)
  4. (auxiliary) to be said (to do something); reportedly; they say that; I hear that; so they say; rumor has it; supposedly.
    Es soll da viele Leute geben. — “They say that there are many people there.”
  5. (auxiliary, in a subordinate clause in the simple past tense) would; indicates that the subordinate clause indicates something that would happen in the past but after the time frame of the main clause
  6. (auxiliary, in a subordinate clause in the subjunctive) should; indicates that the subordinate clause indicates a hypothetical and unlikely condition for the main clause

Usage notes[edit]

  • Sollen expresses moral duty or the suggestion that something ought to be done. Müssen can express the necessity of doing something, but also the moral duty. Both verbs can express a duty imposed by someone else. In this case müssen is stronger than sollen, implying that the imposing person has some kind of power to make the other really do it.
  • When used as a modal auxiliary verb, the past participle is sollen.

Conjugation[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Luxembourgish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *skulaną.

Verb[edit]

sollen (third-person singular present soll, past participle sollen, auxiliary verb hunn)

  1. to ought to, shall, should

Conjugation[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.