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From Middle Dutch solen, suelen, sollen, sullen, from Old Dutch *sulan, from Proto-West Germanic *skulan, from Proto-Germanic *skulaną. Compare German sollen, English shall, Danish skulle.


  • IPA(key): /ˈzʏ.lə(n)/
  • Audio:(file)
  • Hyphenation: zul‧len
  • Rhymes: -ʏlən




  1. (auxiliary, present tense) Used to form the future tense of a verb, together with an infinitive; will, going to
    Ik zal zingen.
    I shall sing.
    Het zal toch niet werken.
    It will not work anyway.
    Dat zal niet gebeuren.
    That will not happen.
  2. (auxiliary, past tense) Used to form the conditional mood of a verb, together with an infinitive; would
    Het werk zou nu af zijn geweest als jij je niet had verslapen.
    The work would have been finished now if you hadn't overslept.
    Dat zou ik niet doen als ik jou was.
    I would not do that if I were you.
  3. (modal auxiliary) Used to indicate intent or disposition to perform an action in the future: will, shall, be going to, may, might
    Het zou vandaag regenen.
    It was going to rain today.
    Zal ik eerst gaan?
    Shall I go first?

Usage notes


Although there are two conjugated forms for the second person in the present, there is no preferred or more common form as both are used and understood universally throughout the Dutch-speaking world. One or the other may be preferred only in certain regions but even there both are used interchangeably.


Conjugation of zullen (preterite-present)
infinitive zullen
past singular zou
past participle
infinitive zullen
gerund zullen n
present tense past tense
1st person singular zal zou
2nd person sing. (jij) zult, zal zou
2nd person sing. (u) zult, zal zou
2nd person sing. (gij) zult zoudt
3rd person singular zal zou
plural zullen zouden
subjunctive sing.1 zulle zoude
subjunctive plur.1 zullen zouden
imperative sing. zal
imperative plur.1 zult
participles zullend
1) Archaic.


  • Afrikaans: sal
  • Jersey Dutch: zal
  • Negerhollands: sa, sal
  • Skepi Creole Dutch: sa