going to

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: going-to


Alternative forms[edit]


(be) going to

  1. Forms a virtual or quasi-future tense.
    I’m going to throw out the milk if nobody’s going to drink it.
  2. Comprises a past progressive tense that entails an inchoate future aspect.
    I was going to cut the grass, but it started raining.

Usage notes[edit]

  • (Be) going to comprises the present participle form of go, and may entail a to-infinitive. In the context of such a phrase, going to commonly is deemed a phrasal modal or phrasal auxiliary verb.
  • A future aspect formed with "going to" (or "gonna") differs from that formed with "will". It usually indicates something already planned, an intention, or something that is bound to happen.
  • It is sometimes used without the main verb (in the infinitive) if the verb is easily inferable from its elliptical context:
"Did you cut the grass?" "No, I was going to (cut the grass), but it started raining."
  • In casual circumstances, "going to" -
  1. often is replaced by "gonna" when "to" constitutes a particle within a to-infinitive phrase; e.g. "I'm gonna fly to New York." (This might be pronounced "I'm goin' to fly to New York.")
  2. never is replaced by "gonna" when "to" constitutes a preposition; e.g. "I'm gonna to New York" is ungrammatical. (However, "I'm going to New York" might be pronounced "I'm goin' to New York.")


See also[edit]

  • to (particle)