быть

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Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old East Slavic бꙑти(byti), from Proto-Slavic *byti.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

быть ‎(bytʹimpf

  1. to be
    Так бы́ло, так есть и так бу́дет всегда́!
    Tak býlo, tak jestʹ i tak búdet vsegdá!
    So it was, so it is, and so it will always be! [from the Hymn of the Russian Federation]

Usage notes[edit]

  • Omitted in the present tense except in the third-person singular "есть", which is used occasionally to express possession or definition or for emphasis. "есть" is originally 3rd person singular but is now used for all persons, e.g. "я и есть тот челове́к" - "I am that person". See also .
  • Negative forms with не(ne) feature stress on the particle in standard Russian for masculine, neuter and plural forms past tense: "не́ был", "не́ было", "не́ были".

Conjugation[edit]

Notes on present tense forms:

Derived terms[edit]

imperfective

perfective

See also[edit]

  • conditional/subjunctive particle:
    бы(by), б(b)