есть

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See also: ѥстъ and -есть

Russian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *(j)ěsti, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ed-(to eat).

Verb[edit]

есть (jestʹimpf (perfective съесть or пое́сть)

  1. to eat
    есть поедо́м‎ ― jestʹ pojedómto make somebody's life a misery by nagging
Conjugation[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

imperfective

perfective

Related terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *(j)estъ, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ést.

Verb[edit]

есть (jestʹ)

  1. (archaic) third-person singular present indicative imperfective of быть(bytʹ)
  2. am, is, are (modern usage)
  3. there is, there are (modern usage)
    то́ есть‎ ― tó jestʹthat is, in other words, i.e.
  4. have, has

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowing from English yes

Interjection[edit]

есть (jestʹ)

  1. all right
  2. okay, right, roger
  3. (military) yessir!
  4. (nautical) aye-aye!

References[edit]

  • Fasmer, Maks (1964–1973), “есть”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačev O. N., Moscow: Progress