есть

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See also: ѥстъ and -есть

Russian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [jesʲtʲ]
  • (file)

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *ěsti, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *ēˀstei, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁édti.

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

есть (jestʹimpf (perfective съесть or пое́сть)

  1. to eat
    есть поедо́мjestʹ pojedómto make somebody's life a misery by nagging
Conjugation[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

imperfective

perfective

Related terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

есть (jestʹ)

  1. inflection of быть (bytʹ):
    1. present indicative
    2. first/second/third-person singular/plural present indicative imperfective
  2. there is, there are, exists/exist (expresses availability, existence or presence)
    Antonym: нет (net)
    в э́той газе́те есть интере́сная статья́v étoj gazéte jestʹ interésnaja statʹjáthere is an interesting article in this newspaper
  3. am/is/are located (at) (usually omitted)
  4. used to express possession
    у меня́ есть вопро́сu menjá jestʹ voprósI have a question
  5. am, is, are (used with any person or thing in any number, usually omitted but used for emphasis)
    кто ты есть?kto ty jestʹ?who are you (at all)?

Usage notes[edit]

  • This form of быть (bytʹ) is special and most frequently used in the present tense, for past and future tense and other forms, see быть (bytʹ).
  • The pre-reform orthography (1918) form ѣсть (jěstʹ) doesn't apply to this sense, only to the sense "to eat", thus the two terms were spelled differently before the reform.

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowed from English yes.

Interjection[edit]

есть (jestʹ)

  1. yes!, hooray!
  2. okay, right, roger
  3. (military) yessir!
  4. (nautical) aye-aye!

References[edit]

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) , “есть”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubačóv, Moscow: Progress