есть

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See also: ѥстъ and -есть

Russian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *(j)ěsti, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ed- (to eat).

Verb[edit]

есть (jestʹimpf (perfective съесть or пое́сть)

  1. to eat
    есть поедо́мjestʹ pojedómto make somebody's life a misery by nagging
Conjugation[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

imperfective

perfective

Related terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *(j)estъ, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ést.

Verb[edit]

есть (jestʹ)

  1. (archaic) third-person singular present indicative imperfective of быть (bytʹ)
  2. am, is, are (modern usage)
  3. there is, there are (modern usage)
    то́ естьtó jestʹthat is, in other words, i.e.
  4. have, has

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowed from English yes.

Interjection[edit]

есть (jestʹ)

  1. all right
  2. okay, right, roger
  3. (military) yessir!
  4. (nautical) aye-aye!

References[edit]

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “есть”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačev O. N., Moscow: Progress