и

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Cirila-и-minuskla.svg
и U+0438, и
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER I
з
[U+0437]
Cyrillic й
[U+0439]

Translingual[edit]

Letter[edit]

и (upper case И)

  1. A letter of several Cyrillic alphabets.

Adyghe[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [jə]
  • (file)

Numeral[edit]

и (i)

  1. eight

Azerbaijani[edit]

Cyrillic letter И и (И и), normal above, italics below.
Handwritten forms

Letter[edit]

и (lowercase, uppercase и) (italics: И, и)

  1. The eleventh letter of the Cyrillic alphabet as formerly used for Azeri, preceded by З and followed by Ы, and representing /ɪ/. Since 1991, this sound has been written İ.

Bulgarian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

и (i)

  1. and (used to connect two homogeneous similar words or phrases)
    Момчета и момичета излизат да играят.Momčeta i momičeta izlizat da igrajat.Boys and girls come out to play.
  2. and (used at the end of a list to indicate the last item)
    хляб, масло и сиренеhljab, maslo i sirenebread, butter and cheese
  3. and (used to join sentences or sentence fragments in chronological order)
    Поправих стола и той отново се счупи.Popravih stola i toj otnovo se sčupi.I mended the chair and it broke again.
  4. and (used to indicate causation)
    Още веднъж ме попитай за определението на “и” и ще изкрещя.Ošte vednǎž me popitaj za opredelenieto na “i” i šte izkreštja.Ask me the definition of “and” again and I’ll scream.
  5. and (used to ask for elaboration)
    A: Нямам ключ. B: И... A: И ми трябва, за да вляза.A: Njamam ključ. B: I... A: I mi trjabva, za da vljaza.A: I don't have a key. B: And... A: And I need one to get in.
  6. also, too, likewise, as well
    И аз няма да бъда тамI az njama da bǎda tamI shan't be there either
    И аз ще бъда тамI az šte bǎda tamI shall be there, too./I shall also be there.
    и дваматаi dvamataboth
  7. even (implying an extreme example in the case mentioned, as compared to the implied reality)
    Не съм го и видял.Ne sǎm go i vidjal.I haven't even seen him.
  8. just, exactly, precisely
    Така и предполагах.Taka i predpolagah.Just as I suspected.
  9. (mathematics) and, plus (used to indicate addition)
    Пет и шест е единадесет.Pet i šest e edinadeset.Five and six is eleven.
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ѝ (ìf (personal, possessive)

  1. Short form of the third-person singular feminite pronoun in the dative case, used as the indirect object of a verb, translated as to her, for her, her, when the noun is animate, and as to it, for it, it, when the noun is inanimate.
    Дай ѝ книгата.
    Daj ì knigata.
    Give her the book.
    Той ѝ написа писмо.
    Toj ì napisa pismo.
    He wrote her a letter.
    Не ѝ се ходи на кино.
    Ne ì se hodi na kino.
    She doesn't feel like going to the cinema.
    Котката си играеше с кълбото прежда, което ѝ бяха дали.
    Kotkata si igraeše s kǎlboto prežda, koeto ì bjaha dali.
    The cat was playing with the ball of yarn they had given it.
  2. Short form of the third-person singular feminine possessive pronoun, translated as her when the noun is animate, and as its when the noun is inanimate.
    Мария и баща ѝ.
    Marija i bašta ì.
    Maria and her father.
    Очите ѝ са сини.
    Očite ì sa sini.
    Her eyes are blue.
    Котката и опашката ѝ.
    Kotkata i opaškata ì.
    The cat and its tail.
Usage notes[edit]
  • The accented letter ѝ is not considered a separate letter in Bulgarian, and is used only on this one occasion to disambiguate the pronoun ѝ from the conjunction и (i, and).
Related terms[edit]

Chechen[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

и (i)

  1. and

See also[edit]


Itelmen[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Chukotko-Kamchatkan *'iv

Noun[edit]

и (i)

  1. water

Kabardian[edit]

Kabardian cardinal numbers
 <  7 8 9  > 
    Cardinal : и (i)

Numeral[edit]

и (i)

  1. eight

Kazakh[edit]

Cyrillic и (ï)
Arabic ي

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

и (ï) (lower case, upper case И)

  1. The twelfth letter of the Kazakh Cyrillic alphabet

See also[edit]


Macedonian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *i.

Conjunction[edit]

и (i)

  1. and
  2. both
    И рацете и нозете ти се изгребани.
    I racete i nozete ti se izgrebani.
    Both your arms and your legs are scratched.

Particle[edit]

и (i)

  1. too, also

Old Church Slavonic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *i.

Conjunction[edit]

и (i)

  1. and

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *jь.

Pronoun[edit]

и (jim

  1. him (* no nominative singular or plural; use тъ or онъ or оныи for the nominative)
Declension[edit]
Singular Dual Plural
nominative
genitive ѥго ѥю ихъ
dative ѥмоу има имъ
accusative и ѩ
instrumental имь има ими
locative ѥмь ѥю ихъ
Related terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Old East Slavic[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

и (i)

  1. and

Ossetian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

и (i) (upper case И)

  1. The twelfth letter of the Ossetian alphabet.

See also[edit]


Russian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Early Cyrillic letter iže, from Greek Η (“eta”).

Letter[edit]

и (i) (lower case, upper case И) (italics: И, и)

  1. The tenth letter of the Russian Cyrillic alphabet. Its name is и (i) and is usually pronounced /i/, but unstressed or after certain consonants it merges with ы into /ɪ/. It is preceded by З (Z) and followed by Й (J).
See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

и (in inan (indeclinable)

  1. The Cyrillic letter И (I), и (i).
  2. (Roman letter) I, i
  3. (English letter) E, e

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *i, from Proto-Indo-European *ei, an early locative singular determiner, formed from the root *h₁e-, *h₁o-. Compare Greek εἰ (eἰ, if), Gothic 𐌴𐌹 (ei, and, so that, be it). Follows from ablative Proto-Indo-European *ed.

Conjunction[edit]

и (i)

  1. and
    Вот я́блоко и гру́ша.
    Vot jábloko i grúša.
    Here’s an apple and a pear.
    Да и да́же уже́ не боли́т
    Da i dáže užé ne bolít
    And it doesn't even hurt anymore.
    Да да́же уже́ и не боли́т
    Da dáže užé i ne bolít
    And it doesn't even hurt anymore.
  2. as well as, both ... and ...
    Росси́и нужны́ и а́рмия, и фло́т.
    Rossíi nužný i ármija, i flót.
    Russia needs an army as well as a navy.
  3. as well
    Я и э́то зна́ю.
    Ja i éto znáju.
    I know that as well.
  4. even
    Бою́сь дана́йцев и дары́ принося́щих
    Bojúsʹ danájcev i darý prinosjáščix
    I fear the Danaans [Greeks], even those bearing gifts.
    Да он и её не нашёлсло́вно нас успе́ли обокра́сть.
    Da on i jejó ne našól — slóvno nas uspéli obokrástʹ.
    And he didn't find even that, as if someone had managed to rob us.
    Ой, да я ж да́же и не пыта́лся!
    Oj, da ja ž dáže i ne pytálsja!
    Oh my! I didn't even try to put any effort! (It can be either sacrasm or not) (даже means "even" too)


Synonyms[edit]
  • (and): а (a)
  • (and): да (da)

Etymology 3[edit]

Same as 2.

Particle[edit]

и (i)

  1. (preceding a verb) Emphasizes the truth of the following verb. Note that "есть (jestʹ)" is also used, which is usually omitted.
    Он так и де́лает.
    On tak i délajet.
    He does do it that way.
    Она́ и пошла́ туда́.
    Oná i pošlá tudá.
    She did go there.
    Оно́ и есть тако́е.
    Onó i jestʹ takóje.
    It is like that.
    Я и есть тот челове́к.
    Ja i jestʹ tot čelovék.
    I am that person.

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

и (Latin spelling i)

  1. The 10th letter of the Serbo-Croatian Cyrillic alphabet, preceded by з and followed by ј.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *i, from Proto-Indo-European *éy.

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

и (Latin spelling i)

  1. and
    Ивица и Марица се волеIvica and Marica love each other.
    и тако даљеand so on
  2. (и..и..) both..and..
    не можеш истовремено и тужити и судити.you can't simultaneously both sue and judge
  3. also, too
    и мени се свиђа ваш одабирI like your choice too
  4. even (usually preceded by ча̏к)
    (чак) и ја сам позван на забаву!even I have been invited to the party
  5. (не са̏мо .. не̏го/ве̏ћ и...) also, too
    он је не само даровит, него и јако марљивhe is not only talented, but also very industrious
  6. so, so that (= те, па)
    уморио сам се и нисам могао више играти кошаркуI grew tired, so I couldn't play basketball anymore