и

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Cirila-и-minuskla.svg
и U+0438, и
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER I
з
[U+0437]
Cyrillic й
[U+0439]

Translingual[edit]

Letter[edit]

и (upper case И)

  1. A letter of several Cyrillic alphabets.

Adyghe[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [jə]
  • (file)

Numeral[edit]

и (i)

  1. eight

Azerbaijani[edit]

Cyrillic letter И и (И и), normal above, italics below.
Handwritten forms

Letter[edit]

и (lowercase, uppercase и) (italics: И, и)

  1. The eleventh letter of the Cyrillic alphabet as formerly used for Azeri, preceded by З and followed by Ы, and representing /ɪ/. Since 1991, this sound has been written İ.

Bashkir[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

и (i) (upper case И)

  1. The twelfth letter of the Bashkir alphabet

See also[edit]


Bulgarian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

и (i) (upper case И)

  1. The ninth letter of the Bulgarian alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *i.

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

и (i)

  1. and (used to connect two homogeneous similar words or phrases)
    Момчета и момичета излизат да играят.
    Momčeta i momičeta izlizat da igrajat.
    Boys and girls come out to play.
  2. and (used at the end of a list to indicate the last item)
    хляб, масло и сирене
    hljab, maslo i sirene
    bread, butter and cheese
  3. and (used to join sentences or sentence fragments in chronological order)
    Поправих стола и той отново се счупи.
    Popravih stola i toj otnovo se sčupi.
    I mended the chair and it broke again.
  4. and (used to indicate causation)
    Още веднъж ме попитай за определението на „и“ и ще изкрещя.
    Ošte vednǎž me popitaj za opredelenieto na „i“ i šte izkreštja.
    Ask me the definition of “and” again and I’ll scream.
  5. and (used to ask for elaboration)
    „Нямам ключ.“   „И...“   „И ми трябва, за да вляза.“
    „Njamam ključ.“   „I...“   „I mi trjabva, za da vljaza.“
    “I don't have a key.”   “And...”   “And I need one to get in.”
  6. also, too, likewise, as well
    Synonym: също (sǎšto)
    И аз няма да бъда там.
    I az njama da bǎda tam.
    I shan't be there either.
    И аз ще бъда там.
    I az šte bǎda tam.
    I shall be there, too./I shall also be there.
    и дваматаi dvamataboth
  7. even (implying an extreme example in the case mentioned, as compared to the implied reality)
    Synonym: дори (dori)
    Не съм го и видял.
    Ne sǎm go i vidjal.
    I haven't even seen him.
  8. just, exactly, precisely
    Synonym: именно (imenno)
    Така и предполагах.
    Taka i predpolagah.
    Just as I suspected.
  9. (mathematics) and, plus (used to indicate addition)
    Пет и шест е единадесет.
    Pet i šest e edinadeset.
    Five and six is eleven.

See also[edit]

  • ѝ (pronoun)

Chechen[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

и (i)

  1. and

See also[edit]


Itelmen[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Chukotko-Kamchatkan *'iv

Noun[edit]

и (i)

  1. water

Kabardian[edit]

Kabardian cardinal numbers
 <  7 8 9  > 
    Cardinal : и (i)

Numeral[edit]

и (i)

  1. eight

Kazakh[edit]

Cyrillic и
Arabic ي

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

и (ï) (lower case, upper case И)

  1. The twelfth letter of the Kazakh Cyrillic alphabet

See also[edit]


Komi-Zyrian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Russian и (i).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈi/, [ˈi]
  • Hyphenation: и

Conjunction[edit]

и (i)

  1. and
  2. but
  3. even

References[edit]

  • Bubrikh, Dmitry V. (1949) Грамматика литературного Коми языка [Grammar of the literary Komi language] (in Russian), Leningrad: Zhdanov Leningrad State University, page 37
  • L. M. Beznosikova; E. A. Ajbabina; R. I. Kosnyreva (2000) Коми-Русский словарь [Komi-Russian dictionary], →ISBN, page 234

Ket[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Yeniseian *ʔiG.

Noun[edit]

и (in (plural э’ӈ)

  1. name

Macedonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *i.

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

и (i)

  1. and
  2. both
    И рацете и нозете ти се изгребани.
    I racete i nozete ti se izgrebani.
    Both your arms and your legs are scratched.

Interjection[edit]

и (i)

  1. oh no

Particle[edit]

и (i)

  1. too, also

Mongolian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

и (i) (uppercase И) (italics: И, и)

  1. The tenth letter of the Mongolian alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]


Nivkh[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Particle[edit]

и (i)

  1. yes, yeah, right
    Меги ӿуктоӽ виныте, и?Megi huktoẋ vinəte, i?We're going there, right?

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

и (i)

  1. river

Old Church Slavonic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *i.

Conjunction[edit]

и (i)

  1. and

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *jь.

Pronoun[edit]

и (jim

  1. him (* no nominative singular or plural; use тъ or онъ or оныи for the nominative)
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Old East Slavic[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

и (i)

  1. and

Ossetian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

и (i) (upper case И)

  1. The twelfth letter of the Ossetian alphabet.

See also[edit]


Russian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the early Cyrillic letter iže, from Greek Η (I, eta).

Letter[edit]

и (i) (lower case, upper case И) (italics: И, и)

  1. The tenth letter of the Russian Cyrillic alphabet. Its name is и (i) and is usually pronounced /i/, but unstressed or after certain consonants it merges with ы into /ɪ/. It is preceded by З (Z) and followed by Й (J).
See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

и (in inan (indeclinable)

  1. The Cyrillic letter И (I), и (i).
  2. (Roman letter) I, i
  3. (English letter) E, e

Etymology 2[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *i, from Proto-Indo-European *ei, an early locative singular determiner, formed from the root *h₁e-, *h₁o-. Compare Greek εἰ (eἰ, if), Gothic 𐌴𐌹 (ei, and, so that, be it). Follows from ablative Proto-Indo-European *ed.

Conjunction[edit]

и (i)

  1. and
    Synonyms: а (a), да (da)
    Вот я́блоко и гру́ша.Vot jábloko i grúša.Here’s an apple and a pear.
    Да и да́же уже́ не боли́т.Da i dáže užé ne bolít.And it doesn't even hurt anymore.
    Да да́же уже́ и не боли́т.Da dáže užé i ne bolít.And it doesn't even hurt anymore.
  2. as well as, both ... and ...
    Росси́и нужны́ и а́рмия, и фло́т.Rossíi nužný i ármija, i flót.Russia needs an army as well as a navy.
  3. as well
    Synonyms: ещё и (ješčó i), та́кже и (tákže i)
    Я и э́то зна́ю.Ja i éto znáju.I know that as well.
  4. even
    Бою́сь дана́йцев и дары́ принося́щих.Bojúsʹ danájcev i darý prinosjáščix.I fear the Danaans [Greeks], even those bearing gifts.
    Да он и её не нашёлсло́вно нас успе́ли обокра́сть.Da on i jejó ne našól — slóvno nas uspéli obokrástʹ.And he didn't find even that, as if someone had managed to rob us.
    Ой, да я ж да́же и не пыта́лся!Oj, da ja ž dáže i ne pytálsja!Oh my! I didn't even try to put any effort! (It can be either sarcasm or not) (даже means "even" too)

Particle[edit]

и (i)

  1. Used as an emphasiser, including in a few set phrases. (Note that "есть (jestʹ)" is also used, which is usually omitted.)
    1. To emphasise the truth of a verb
      Он так и де́лает.On tak i délajet.He does do it that way.
      Она́ и пошла́ туда́.Oná i pošlá tudá.She did go there.
      Оно́ и есть тако́е.Onó i jestʹ takóje.It is like that.
      Я и есть тот челове́к.Ja i jestʹ tot čelovék.I am that person.
    2. To emphasise a contrast
      А е́сли и есть...A jésli i jestʹ...And if there is... (after having stated that there isn't)
      А мо́жет быть и нет.A móžet bytʹ i net.Or maybe not (after having stated that something may be).
    3. To emphasise a parenthetical remark
      как и всегда́kak i vsegdáas always
      Он челове́к, как и ты.On čelovék, kak i ty.He's a person, like you.
      Я осужда́л всех, в том числе́ и себя́.Ja osuždál vsex, v tom čislé i sebjá.I blamed everyone, including myself.
      Опа́сность мирово́го конфли́кта, хотя́ и отдалённая, по-пре́жнему сохраня́ется.
      Opásnostʹ mirovóvo konflíkta, xotjá i otdaljónnaja, po-préžnemu soxranjájetsja.
      The risk of world conflict, though remote, is still present.
    4. As other emphasis or in set phrases
      Я не зна́ю, поэ́тому и спра́шиваю.Ja ne znáju, poétomu i sprášivaju.I don't know. That's why I'm asking.
      так и естьtak i jestʹso it is
      так и надоtak i nadothat's how it should be
      Мне э́то и впрямь ко́е-что напомина́ет.Mne éto i vprjamʹ kóje-što napominájet.This really reminds me of something.
      Похо́же, ты и впра́вду меня́ пло́хо зна́ешь.Poxóže, ty i vprávdu menjá plóxo znáješʹ.Looks like you really don't know me.
      Не отта́лкивай челове́ка, кото́рый и пра́вда беспоко́ится о тебе́.Ne ottálkivaj čelovéka, kotóryj i právda bespokóitsja o tebé.Don't push away the person who actually cares about you.
      вот и всёvot i vsjóthat's all
      А вот и наш друг.A vot i naš drug.Here comes our friend.
      почему́ бы и нетpočemú by i netwhy not
      так и неtak i nenever (managed to, got round to)
Descendants[edit]
  • Ingrian: i
  • Komi-Zyrian: и (i)

Etymology 3[edit]

Russian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ru

From Mandarin ().

Noun[edit]

и (in inan (indeclinable)

  1. Yi (an ethnic group of southwestern China)
  2. Yi (the Tibeto-Burman languages used by the Yi)
  3. Yi (the script used to write the languages)

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

и (Latin spelling i)

  1. The 10th letter of the Serbo-Croatian Cyrillic alphabet, preceded by з and followed by ј.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *i, from Proto-Indo-European *éy.

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

и (Latin spelling i)

  1. and
    Ивица и Марица се волеIvica and Marica love each other.
    и тако даљеand so on
  2. (и..и..) both..and..
    не можеш истовремено и тужити и судити.you can't simultaneously both sue and judge
  3. also, too
    и мени се свиђа ваш одабирI like your choice too
  4. even (usually preceded by ча̏к)
    (чак) и ја сам позван на забаву!even I have been invited to the party
  5. (не са̏мо .. не̏го/ве̏ћ и...) also, too
    он је не само даровит, него и јако марљивhe is not only talented, but also very industrious
  6. so, so that (= те, па)
    уморио сам се и нисам могао више играти кошаркуI grew tired, so I couldn't play basketball anymore


Tundra Nenets[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

и ()

  1. mind

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • A. P. Pyrerka and N. M. Tereshenko, editors (1948) Русско-Ненецкий словарь [Russian-Nenets dictionary], Moscow: Огиз, page 292
  • Irina Nikolaeva (2014) A Grammar of Tundra Nenets, Walter de Gruyter GmbH, →ISBN, page 32

Ukrainian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

и (y) (upper case И)

  1. The eleventh letter of the Ukrainian alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]