just

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See also: Just, júst, and Júst

English[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English juste, from Old French juste, from Latin iūstus (just, lawful, rightful, true, due, proper, moderate), from Proto-Italic *jowestos, related to Latin iūs (law, right). Compare Scots juist (just), Saterland Frisian juust (just), West Frisian just (just), Dutch juist (just), Low German just (just), German just (just), Danish just (just), Swedish just (just).

Adjective[edit]

just (comparative juster or more just, superlative justest or most just)

  1. Factually right, correct; factual.
    It is a just assessment of the facts.
  2. Rationally right, correct.
  3. Morally right; upright, righteous, equitable; fair.
    It looks like a just solution at first glance.
    • c. 1591, William Shakespeare, Henry VI, Part 1, Act, Scene ,[1]
      My lord, we know your grace to be a man
      Just and upright.
    • 1611, King James Version of the Bible, Colossians 4:1,[2]
      Masters, give unto your servants that which is just and equal; knowing that ye also have a Master in heaven.
    • 1744, Alexander Shiels [i.e., Alexander Shields], “Period VI. Containing the Testimony through the Continued Tract of the Present Deformation, from the Year 1660 to this Day.”, in A Hind Let Loose: Or, An Historical Representation of the Testimonies of the Church of Scotland, for the Interest of Christ; with the True State thereof in All Its Periods: [...], Edinburgh: Reprinted by R. Drummond and Company, and sold by William Gray bookbinder in the Grassmarket, and several others, &c., OCLC 723488025, pages 167–168:
      Here is a Proclamation for a Prince: that proclaims him in whoſe name it is emitted [James II of England], to be the greateſt Tyrant that ever lived in the world, and their Revolt who have diſowned him to be the juſteſt that ever was.
    • 1901, H. G. Wells, The First Men in the Moon, Chapter 23,[3]
      Looking back over my previously written account of these things, I must insist that I have been altogether juster to Cavor than he has been to me.
  4. Proper, adequate.
Synonyms[edit]
Antonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Adverb[edit]

just (not comparable)

  1. Only, simply, merely.
    Plant just a few tomatoes, unless you can freeze or dry them.
    He calls it vermilion, but it's just red to me.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 8, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      Philander went into the next room, which was just a lean-to hitched on to the end of the shanty, and came back with a salt mackerel that dripped brine like a rainstorm. Then he put the coffee pot on the stove and rummaged out a loaf of dry bread and some hardtack.
    • 2013 June 8, “The new masters and commanders”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8839, page 52:
      From the ground, Colombo’s port does not look like much. []   But viewed from high up in one of the growing number of skyscrapers in Sri Lanka’s capital, it is clear that something extraordinary is happening: China is creating a shipping hub just 200 miles from India’s southern tip.
    • 2013 June 14, Sam Leith, “Where the profound meets the profane”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 1, page 37:
      Swearing doesn't just mean what we now understand by "dirty words". It is entwined, in social and linguistic history, with the other sort of swearing: vows and oaths.
  2. (sentence adverb) Used to reduce the force of an imperative; simply.
    Just follow the directions on the box.
  3. (speech act) Used to convey a less serious or formal tone
    I just called to say "hi".
  4. (speech act) Used to show humility.
    Lord, we just want to thank You and praise Your Name.
  5. (degree) absolutely, positively
    It is just splendid!
  6. Moments ago, recently.
    They just left, but you may leave a message at the desk.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 8, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      Philander went into the next room [] and came back with a salt mackerel [] . Next he put the mackerel in a fry-pan, and the shanty began to smell like a Banks boat just in from a v'yage.
  7. By a narrow margin; closely; nearly.
    The fastball just missed my head!
    The piece just might fit.
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 14, in The China Governess[4]:
      Nanny Broome was looking up at the outer wall.  Just under the ceiling there were three lunette windows, heavily barred and blacked out in the normal way by centuries of grime.
  8. Exactly, precisely, perfectly.
    He wants everything just right for the big day.
    • John Dryden
      And having just enough, not covet more.
    • Sir Philip Sidney
      The god Pan guided my hand just to the heart of the beast.
    • William Shakespeare
      To-night, at Herne's oak, just 'twixt twelve and one.
    • 2013 June 22, “Engineers of a different kind”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8841, page 70:
      Private-equity nabobs bristle at being dubbed mere financiers. Piling debt onto companies’ balance-sheets is only a small part of what leveraged buy-outs are about, they insist. Improving the workings of the businesses they take over is just as core to their calling, if not more so. Much of their pleading is public-relations bluster.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Variation of joust, presumably ultimately from Latin iuxta 'near, besides'.

Noun[edit]

just (plural justs)

  1. A joust, tournament.

Verb[edit]

just (third-person singular simple present justs, present participle justing, simple past and past participle justed)

  1. To joust, fight a tournament.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Fairfax to this entry?)
Translations[edit]

References[edit]

Statistics[edit]

Most common English words before 1923 in Project Gutenberg: found · people · still · #142: just · while · again · also

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin iūstus, jūstus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

just (feminine justa, masculine plural justs or justos, feminine plural justes)

  1. fair; just
  2. perfectly, almost perfectly

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

just

  1. justly

Further reading[edit]


Estonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Low German just or Swedish just. Possibly from German just. See also justament

Adverb[edit]

just

  1. exactly, precisely, just
    Sa tulid just parajal ajal.
    You came just at the right time.
  2. recently, just now, just
    Ma jõudsin just koju.
    I just got home.
  3. really (softens what has been said)
    Ta pole just töökas mees.
    He isn't much of a worker.

Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Swedish just

Adverb[edit]

just

  1. (colloquial, dialectal) just, exactly, precisely, perfectly
Synonyms[edit]

Friulian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin iūstus, jūstus.

Adjective[edit]

just

  1. just, right, correct, proper
  2. exact
  3. adequate
  4. apt

Related terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


German[edit]

Adverb[edit]

just

  1. (elevated) just

Synonyms[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • just in Duden online

Latvian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

just tr., 1st conj., pres. jūtu, jūti, jūt, past jutu

  1. to feel (to perceive with one's sense organs)
    just aukstumu, karstumu, sāpesto feel cold, heat, pain
    tā, ka nejūt zemi zem kājāmsuch that s/he doesn't feel the earth under his/her feet (= very fast)
  2. to sense
  3. to palp
  4. to have a sensation

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

prefixed verbs:
other derived terms:

Old French[edit]

Verb[edit]

just

  1. third-person singular past historic of gesir

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French juste.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

just m, n (feminine singular justă, masculine plural juști, feminine and neuter plural juste)

  1. just, correct

Synonyms[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

just

  1. just; quite recently; only moments ago
  2. just; only, simply
  3. exactly, precisely
    Just nu
    Right now (At this precise moment)
    Det var just vad jag ville ha!
    That's exactly what I wanted!