bara

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English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

Short for barazoku, from Japanese 薔薇族 (barazoku, literally rose tribe), the name of Japan's first modern gay men's magazine, named after a post-World War II term for gay men.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bara (uncountable)

  1. (Internet slang) A genre of homoerotic media, usually manga and often pornographic, made by gay men for gay men in Japan.
  2. (Internet slang) Gay male media of a similar style and aesthetic, regardless of the creator's gender or ethnicity.
  3. (Internet slang) Any homoerotic media or pornography that accentuates macho masculinity; gay porn.

Usage notes[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Afar[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably related to Hebrew בְּרָא(bará).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bára m

  1. son

References[edit]

  • Mohamed Hassan Kamil (2015) L’afar: description grammaticale d’une langue couchitique (Djibouti, Erythrée et Ethiopie)[1], Paris: Université Sorbonne Paris Cité (doctoral thesis)

Breton[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *bargos, *barginā (cake, bread) (compare Welsh bara, Old Cornish bara, Old Irish bairgen f (bread, loaf; food, plain diet)), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰars- (spike, prickle) (Old Norse barr (corn, grain, barley), Latin far (spelt), Serbo-Croatian бра̏шно/brȁšno).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bara m (plural baraioù)

  1. bread

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998) , “bara”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, →ISBN, page 17

Cebuano[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: ba‧ra

Noun[edit]

bara

  1. a yard; a unit of length equal to 3 feet

Faroese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Verb[edit]

bara (third person singular past indicative baraði, third person plural past indicative baraðu, supine barað)

  1. (reflexive) constrain (oneself)
Conjugation[edit]
Conjugation of bara (group v-30)
infinitive bara
supine barað
participle (a6)1 barandi baraður
present past
first singular bari baraði
second singular barar baraði
third singular barar baraði
plural bara baraðu
imperative
singular bara!
plural barið!
1Only the past participle being declined.

Etymology 2[edit]

Adverb[edit]

bara

  1. just, simply
  2. I wish
  3. if only
Synonyms[edit]

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bara m (uncountable)

  1. (Ivory Coast slang) work, labour
    • 2019 April 1, La rappeuse NASH, “La rappeuse NASH nommée ambassadrice nationale UNICEF”, in A UNICEF press release, spread by Ivorian.net, Fratmat, Allafrica, Afrique Femme, Abidjan TV, Ivoire Soir, Africa Hot News:
      Ma science pour les gopios, c’est de : couman fah-fah avec eux, prendre dra de leur melanhement, de leur miria, djaouli ceux qui veulent fraya au souklou, ou avoir un bara djidji par rapport à un graya général demso, decrou un bon soutrali par rapport à les bognan et leur gué un nouveau douahou et mettre mon fangan au-devant pour leurs wés.
      My science for the children is: to do some plain talk with them, discover their troubles, their concerns, to make provisions for those who want to go to school, or to have some real work in relation to a general sustenance, to render some good help in relation to their problems and give them a new chance, and to apply my power for their dreams.

Verb[edit]

bara

  1. (Ivory Coast slang) to work, to labour

Hausa[edit]

Noun[edit]

barā̀ m (feminine baranyā̀, plural barōrī, possessed form baràn)

  1. servant
  2. A young person who out of respect volunteers to work for someone from time to time.

Noun[edit]

bar̃ā̀ f (plural bàr̃ā̀ce-bàr̃ā̀ce, possessed form bar̃àr̃)

  1. begging for alms

Noun[edit]

bā̀r̃ā f (possessed form bā̀r̃ar̃)

  1. one's focus (e.g., in aiming at or attempting to catch something)

Noun[edit]

bā̀ra f (possessed form bā̀rar̃)

  1. last year

Adverb[edit]

bā̀ra

  1. last year

Hiligaynon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish vara/barra.

Noun[edit]

bára

  1. crowbar
  2. yardstick

Ibatan[edit]

Noun[edit]

bara

  1. (anatomy) lung

Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse *bara (barely, only), from *barr, Old West Norse berr, from Proto-Germanic *bazaz (bare). Compare Swedish bara.

Adverb[edit]

bara

  1. only, just, if only
    Ég á bara 200 krónur.
    I only have 200 krónur.
    Bara að hann hringi í mig...
    If only he'd call me...
  2. (emphatic, postpositive) only, just
    Þegiðu bara!
    Just shut up!
    Gerðu þetta bara og þegiðu!
    Just do it and shut up.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Ilocano[edit]

Noun[edit]

bara

  1. lung

Indonesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Malay bara.

Noun[edit]

bara (plural, first-person possessive baraku, second-person possessive baramu, third-person possessive baranya)

  1. ember

Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish bara (flow; intention, design). Probably related to Middle Irish baramail (opinion, expectation).

Noun[edit]

bara f (genitive singular bara, nominative plural baraí)

  1. inclination, intention

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Irish bara (barrow), borrowed from Old Norse barar.

Noun[edit]

bara m (genitive singular bara, nominative plural baraí)

  1. barrow, cart
Derived terms[edit]

Declension[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
bara bhara mbara
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Italian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈba.ra/
  • Hyphenation: bà‧ra

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Lombardic bāra (bier, litter), from Proto-West Germanic *beran, from Proto-Germanic *beraną (to carry). Compare German Bahre (bier, stretcher).

Noun[edit]

bara f (plural bare)

  1. bier (litter to transport the corpse of a dead person)
    • 1321, Dante Alighieri, La divina commedia: Paradiso, Le Monnier, published 2002, Canto XI, lines 112–117, page 208–209:
      a’ frati suoi, sì com’a giuste rede, ¶ raccomandò la donna sua più cara, ¶ e comandò che l’amassero a fede; ¶ e del suo grembo l’anima preclara ¶ mover si volle, tornando al suo regno, ¶ e al suo corpo non volle altra bara.
      Unto his friars, as to the rightful heirs, his most dear Lady [Poverty] did he [St. Francis] recommend, and bade that they should love her faithfully; and from her bosom the illustrious soul wished to depart, returning to its realm, and for its body wished no other bier.
  2. coffin (box in which a person is buried)
    Synonym: tabuto (regional)
    Il cadavere fu deposto nella bara.
    The body was placed in the coffin.
    molte bare in attesa di sepoltura
    a number of coffins awaiting burial
  3. (obsolete) litter, stretcher
    Synonyms: barella, lettiga
  4. (religion) A carriage used to transport a saint's relics.
  5. An animal-drawn carriage typical of Tuscany and Liguria.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb[edit]

bara

  1. inflection of barare:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Further reading[edit]

  • bara in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

Jamaican Creole[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈbɑːra/
  • Hyphenation: ba‧ra

Verb[edit]

bara

  1. Alternative form of borrow.
    • 1995, English World-wide, volume 16-17, Julius Groos Verlag, page 214:
      “So , mii en ha fi fain mi uona wie fi se ina Jamiekan aal kain a sinting we piipl a taak bout wen dem a stodi langgwij . Mek mi shuo unu wa ... Mi bara di Rasta wod 'grounieshan' we dem yuuz fi seshan we dem miit an riizn . Mi tek i an yuuz i fi [...]”
      Well, I had to find my own way to express all sorts of things in Jamaican Creole which people talk about when they study languages. Let me show you what [...] I'm borrowing the Rasta word "Grounation" which they use for sessions where they get together and discuss important matters. I took it and used it to [...]

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

bara

  1. Rōmaji transcription of ばら
  2. Rōmaji transcription of バラ

Javanese[edit]

Other scripts
Carakan ꦧꦫ
Roman bara

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Numeral[edit]

bara

  1. hundred million (108)

Kikuyu[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

As for Tonal Class, Benson (1964) classifies this term into Class 1 with a disyllabic stem, together with ndaka, and so on.
  • (Kiambu)

Noun[edit]

bara 9 or 10 (plural bara)

  1. road
    Synonyms: barabara, njĩra

References[edit]

  • “barabara” in Benson, T.G. (1964). Kikuyu-English dictionary, p. 24. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  1. ^ Yukawa, Yasutoshi (1981). "A Tentative Tonal Analysis of Kikuyu Nouns: A Study of Limuru Dialect." In Journal of Asian and African Studies, No. 22, 75–123.

Laboya[edit]

Preposition[edit]

bara

  1. nearby, at, close

References[edit]

  • Rina, A. Dj.; Kabba, John Lado B. (2011) , “bara”, in Kamus Bahasa Lamboya, Kabupaten Sumba Bakat [Dictionary of Lamboya Language, West Sumba Regency], Waikabubak: Dinas Kebudayaan dan Pariwisata, Kabupaten Sumba Bakat, page 8

Latvian[edit]

Noun[edit]

bara m

  1. genitive singular form of bars

Malay[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *baʀah, from Proto-Austronesian *baʀah.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bara (Jawi spelling بارا‎, plural bara-bara, informal 1st possessive baraku, impolite 2nd possessive baramu, 3rd possessive baranya)

  1. ember

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Indonesian: bara

References[edit]


Maranao[edit]

Noun[edit]

bara

  1. crowbar

Old High German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *bāru, from Proto-Germanic *bērō, whence also Old English bēr.

Noun[edit]

bāra f

  1. bier

Descendants[edit]


Old Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse bera, bara (East Old Norse), from Proto-Germanic *bazōną.

Verb[edit]

bara

  1. to bare, make bare

Conjugation[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French barrer (to bar).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

a bará (third-person singular present barează, past participle barat1st conj.

  1. to bar; to block

Conjugation[edit]


Rwanda-Rundi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *-bàda.

Verb[edit]

-bara (infinitive kubara, perfective -baze)

  1. to count, calculate

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *bara.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /bâra/
  • Hyphenation: ba‧ra

Noun[edit]

bȁra f (Cyrillic spelling ба̏ра)

  1. puddle

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • bara” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Noun[edit]

bara (Cyrillic spelling бара)

  1. genitive singular of bȃr

Shona[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Portuguese bala.

Noun[edit]

bará 5 (plural mapará 6)

  1. bullet

Swahili[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic بَرّ(barr, mainland).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Noun[edit]

bara (n class, plural bara) or bara (ma class, plural mabara)

  1. mainland
  2. continent
    Synonym: kontinenti

See also[edit]

(continents) mabara; Afrika (Africa), Amerika (America), Antaktika (Antarctica) or Antaktiki, Asia (Asia), Ulaya (Europe) or Uropa, Amerika ya Kaskazini (North America), Australia (Oceania), Amerika ya Kusini (South America) (Category: sw:Continents) [edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Swedish bara, from Old Norse *bara (barely, only), from *barr, from Proto-Germanic *bazaz (bare). Compare Icelandic bara.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

bara

  1. absolute singular definite and plural form of bar.

Adverb[edit]

bara (not comparable)

  1. just, only
    Jag ska bara läsa den här sidan också.
    I'll just read this page too.
    Vi har bara en bil.
    We have only one car.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • ba (colloquial)

Synonyms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Tagalog[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Spanish barrar (to mud).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /baˈɾa/, [bɐˈɾa]
  • Hyphenation: ba‧ra

Noun[edit]

bará

  1. clog (impediment)

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Noun[edit]

bara

  1. definite dative singular of bar

Welsh[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *bargos, *barginā (cake, bread) (compare Breton bara, Old Cornish bara, Old Irish bairgen f (bread, loaf; food, plain diet)), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰars- (spike, prickle) (Old Norse barr (corn, grain, barley), Latin far (spelt), Serbo-Croatian бра̏шно/brȁšno).

Noun[edit]

bara m (plural bara)

  1. bread; loaf, slice (of bread), loaves
  2. (figuratively) food, meal, sustenance, means of subsistence, livelihood

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
bara fara mara unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present) , “bara”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb[edit]

bara

  1. Soft mutation of para.

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
para bara mhara phara
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.