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Etymology 1[edit]

PIE root

From Middle English berwe, bergh, from Old English beorg ‎(mountain, hill, mound, barrow, burial place), from Proto-Germanic *bergaz ‎(mountain), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ- ‎(high). Cognate with West Frisian berch ‎(mountain), Low German Barg ‎(mountain), Dutch berg ‎(mountain), German Berg ‎(mountain), Danish bjerg ‎(mountain), Swedish berg ‎(mountain), Icelandic berg, bjarg ‎(rock), Polish brzeg ‎(bank, shore), Russian бе́рег ‎(béreg, bank, shore, land).


barrow ‎(plural barrows)

  1. (obsolete) A mountain.
  2. (chiefly Britain) A hill.
  3. A mound of earth and stones raised over a grave or graves.
  4. (mining) A heap of rubbish, attle, or other such refuse.
  • (mound of earth over a grave): tumulus

Etymology 2[edit]

PIE root

From Middle English barwe, barewe, barowe, from Old English bearwe ‎(basket, handbarrow), from Proto-Germanic *barwǭ, *barwijǭ ‎(stretcher, bier) (compare Low German Berwe, Old Norse barar (plural), Middle High German radebere ‎(wheelbarrow)), from *beraną ‎(to bear). More at bear.


barrow ‎(plural barrows)

  1. A small vehicle used to carry a load and pulled or pushed by hand.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 7, The Mirror and the Lamp:
      The turmoil went on—no rest, no peace. […] It was nearly eleven o'clock now, and he strolled out again. In the little fair created by the costers' barrows the evening only seemed beginning; and the naphtha flares made one's eyes ache, the men's voices grated harshly, and the girls' faces saddened one.
  2. (saltworks) A wicker case in which salt is put to drain.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old English bearg.


barrow ‎(plural barrows)

  1. (obsolete except in scientific use and in some dialects) A castrated boar.