From Middle English borowe, borewe, borwȝ, burȝe, burh, burye (“refuge for an animal, lair, burrow”), apparently a variant of Middle English burgh (“fortified dwelling, stronghold, refuge”) (see borough) and thus from Old English burh, from Proto-Germanic *burgz (“stronghold, city”), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ- (“high”), but this sense is not known in Old English burh. Compare, however, Dutch cognate burcht, which has a similar sense.
It may be related to bury (“to dig”), in which case it would be derived from Proto-Indo-European *bʰergʰ- (“to protect, defend, save, preserve”).
- (UK) IPA(key): /ˈbʌɹəʊ/
- (US) IPA(key): /ˈbʌɹoʊ/
(accents without the "Hurry-furry" merger)
Audio (US) (file)
- (US) IPA(key): /ˈbɜɹoʊ/
(accents with the "Hurry-furry" merger)
Audio (US) (file)
- Rhymes: -ʌɹəʊ
- Homophone: borough (one pronunciation)
burrow (plural burrows)
- A tunnel or hole, often as dug by a small creature.
- 1922, Margery Williams, The Velveteen Rabbit:
- But very soon he grew to like it, for the Boy used to talk to him, and made nice tunnels for him under the bedclothes that he said were like the burrows the real rabbits lived in.
- (mining) A heap or heaps of rubbish or refuse.
- Obsolete form of barrow. A mound.
- Obsolete form of borough. An incorporated town.
Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for “burrow”, in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, Springfield, Mass.: G. & C. Merriam, 1913, →OCLC.)
burrow (third-person singular simple present burrows, present participle burrowing, simple past and past participle burrowed)
- (intransitive) to dig a tunnel or hole
- (intransitive) (with adverbial of direction) to move underneath or press up against in search of safety or comfort
- The young girl burrowed into the bed.
- (intransitive) (with into) to investigate thoroughly
- The journalist burrowed into the origins of the mayor's corruption.
- English terms derived from Proto-Indo-European
- English terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *bʰerǵʰ-
- English terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *bʰergʰ-
- English terms inherited from Middle English
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- en:Animal dwellings