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Alternative forms[edit]


Of uncertain origin. Perhaps from Proto-Uralic *lowkke (hole, opening, cavity, hollow).[1][2]



lyuk (plural lyukak)

  1. hole, opening, aperture
    Synonyms: nyílás, rés, repedés, hasadék, hasíték, hasadás
  2. burrow, hollow, lair (e.g. of an animal)
    Synonyms: üreg, odú
  3. (colloquial) hole, den, hovel (an undesirable place to live or visit)
  4. dental cavity (a small or large hole in a tooth caused by caries)
    Synonym: foglyuk


Inflection (stem in -a-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative lyuk lyukak
accusative lyukat lyukakat
dative lyuknak lyukaknak
instrumental lyukkal lyukakkal
causal-final lyukért lyukakért
translative lyukká lyukakká
terminative lyukig lyukakig
essive-formal lyukként lyukakként
inessive lyukban lyukakban
superessive lyukon lyukakon
adessive lyuknál lyukaknál
illative lyukba lyukakba
sublative lyukra lyukakra
allative lyukhoz lyukakhoz
elative lyukból lyukakból
delative lyukról lyukakról
ablative lyuktól lyukaktól
possessive - singular
lyuké lyukaké
possessive - plural
lyukéi lyukakéi
Possessive forms of lyuk
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. lyukam lyukaim
2nd person sing. lyukad lyukaid
3rd person sing. lyuka lyukai
1st person plural lyukunk lyukaink
2nd person plural lyukatok lyukaitok
3rd person plural lyukuk lyukaik

Derived terms[edit]

Compound words

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Entry #493 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungary.
  2. ^ Zaicz, Gábor. Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN