kolo

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See also: koło, kôlo, kɔlɔ, and kóló

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Serbo-Croatian kolo and Slovene kolo, from Proto-Slavic *kolo (wheel).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kolo (plural kolos)

  1. A national folk dance common in regions pertaining to South Slavic people, performed in a circle.
    • 1942: As we came to this promenade [...] we heard the throbbing of a drum that announces a kolo, a communal dance. — Rebecca West, Black Lamb and Grey Falcon (Canongate 2006, p. 660)
  2. A mixed grain dish from East Africa

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Bambara[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kolo

  1. (anatomy) bone

References[edit]

Czech[edit]

Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old Czech kolo, from Proto-Slavic *kolo.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kolo n

  1. bicycle, bike
    Synonyms: jízdní kolo, bicykl
  2. wheel
  3. (sports) round

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

adjective
adverb
nouns

Further reading[edit]

  • kolo in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • kolo in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
  • kolo in Internetová jazyková příručka

Esperanto[edit]

Esperanto Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia eo

Etymology[edit]

Common Romance, from Latin collum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kolo (accusative singular kolon, plural koloj, accusative plural kolojn)

  1. neck

Derived terms[edit]

Finnish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *kolo, from Proto-Finno-Ugric *kolɜ.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkolo/, [ˈko̞lo̞]
  • Rhymes: -olo
  • Syllabification(key): ko‧lo

Noun[edit]

kolo

  1. hole, dent, groove (hollow place or cavity)
  2. notch, indentation, recess
    Synonym: lovi
  3. burrow, den (tunnel or hole dug by a small creature)
Declension[edit]
Inflection of kolo (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
nominative kolo kolot
genitive kolon kolojen
partitive koloa koloja
illative koloon koloihin
singular plural
nominative kolo kolot
accusative nom. kolo kolot
gen. kolon
genitive kolon kolojen
partitive koloa koloja
inessive kolossa koloissa
elative kolosta koloista
illative koloon koloihin
adessive kololla koloilla
ablative kololta koloilta
allative kololle koloille
essive kolona koloina
translative koloksi koloiksi
abessive kolotta koloitta
instructive koloin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of kolo (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative koloni koloni
accusative nom. koloni koloni
gen. koloni
genitive koloni kolojeni
partitive koloani kolojani
inessive kolossani koloissani
elative kolostani koloistani
illative kolooni koloihini
adessive kolollani koloillani
ablative kololtani koloiltani
allative kololleni koloilleni
essive kolonani koloinani
translative kolokseni koloikseni
abessive kolottani koloittani
instructive
comitative koloineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative kolosi kolosi
accusative nom. kolosi kolosi
gen. kolosi
genitive kolosi kolojesi
partitive koloasi kolojasi
inessive kolossasi koloissasi
elative kolostasi koloistasi
illative koloosi koloihisi
adessive kolollasi koloillasi
ablative kololtasi koloiltasi
allative kolollesi koloillesi
essive kolonasi koloinasi
translative koloksesi koloiksesi
abessive kolottasi koloittasi
instructive
comitative koloinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative kolomme kolomme
accusative nom. kolomme kolomme
gen. kolomme
genitive kolomme kolojemme
partitive koloamme kolojamme
inessive kolossamme koloissamme
elative kolostamme koloistamme
illative koloomme koloihimme
adessive kolollamme koloillamme
ablative kololtamme koloiltamme
allative kolollemme koloillemme
essive kolonamme koloinamme
translative koloksemme koloiksemme
abessive kolottamme koloittamme
instructive
comitative koloinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative kolonne kolonne
accusative nom. kolonne kolonne
gen. kolonne
genitive kolonne kolojenne
partitive koloanne kolojanne
inessive kolossanne koloissanne
elative kolostanne koloistanne
illative koloonne koloihinne
adessive kolollanne koloillanne
ablative kololtanne koloiltanne
allative kolollenne koloillenne
essive kolonanne koloinanne
translative koloksenne koloiksenne
abessive kolottanne koloittanne
instructive
comitative koloinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative kolonsa kolonsa
accusative nom. kolonsa kolonsa
gen. kolonsa
genitive kolonsa kolojensa
partitive koloaan
koloansa
kolojaan
kolojansa
inessive kolossaan
kolossansa
koloissaan
koloissansa
elative kolostaan
kolostansa
koloistaan
koloistansa
illative koloonsa koloihinsa
adessive kolollaan
kolollansa
koloillaan
koloillansa
ablative kololtaan
kololtansa
koloiltaan
koloiltansa
allative kololleen
kolollensa
koloilleen
koloillensa
essive kolonaan
kolonansa
koloinaan
koloinansa
translative kolokseen
koloksensa
koloikseen
koloiksensa
abessive kolottaan
kolottansa
koloittaan
koloittansa
instructive
comitative koloineen
koloinensa

Further reading[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkoloˣ/, [ˈko̞lo̞(ʔ)]
  • Rhymes: -olo
  • Syllabification(key): ko‧lo

Verb[edit]

kolo

  1. inflection of koloa:
    1. present active indicative connegative
    2. second-person singular present imperative
    3. second-person singular present active imperative connegative

Anagrams[edit]

Hausa[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kóː.lóː/
    • (Standard Kano Hausa) IPA(key): [kʷóː.lóː]

Noun[edit]

kōlō m (plural kōlā̀yē, possessed form kōlon)

  1. A fixed-pitch drum, similar to the jauje.

Noun[edit]

kōlō m (possessed form kōlon)

  1. (derogatory) dog (abusive way to refer to a person)

Ido[edit]

Noun[edit]

kolo (plural koli)

  1. (anatomy) neck

Ingrian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *kolo (hole) +‎ -o. Cognates include Finnish kolo and Estonian kolu.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kolo

  1. shelf used to keep icons on

Declension[edit]

Declension of kolo (type 4/koivu, no gradation, gemination)
singular plural
nominative kolo kolot
genitive kolon kolloin, kololoin
partitive kolloa koloja, kololoja
illative kolloo kolloi, kololoihe
inessive kolos kolois, kololois
elative kolost koloist, kololoist
allative kololle koloille, kololoille
adessive kolol koloil, kololoil
ablative kololt koloilt, kololoilt
translative koloks koloiks, kololoiks
essive kolonna, kolloon koloinna, kololoinna, kolloin, kololoin
exessive1) kolont koloint, kololoint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka? or -kä? to the genitive.

References[edit]

  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 190

Karao[edit]

Noun[edit]

kolo

  1. trouble; disturbance

Lindu[edit]

Noun[edit]

kolo

  1. tax debt

Old Czech[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • koło (alternative writing)

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *kolo.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kolo n

  1. wheel
  2. (in the plural) cart
  3. zodiac
  4. breaking wheel

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Czech: kolo

Further reading[edit]

Old High German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin caulis.

Noun[edit]

kolo m

  1. savoy

Descendants[edit]

Old Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *kȍlo. First attested in 1473.

Noun[edit]

kolo n

  1. wheel (round device allowing vehicles to move)
  2. breaking wheel
  3. circle (round shape)

Preposition[edit]

kolo [+genitive]

  1. around (close to, in the vicinity of)
  2. around (at the approximate time of)
  3. around (surrounding, forming a circle around)

Adverb[edit]

kolo

  1. around; in relation to

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Majtán, Milan et al., editors (1991–2008), “kolo”, in Historický slovník slovenského jazyka [Historical Dictionary of the Slovak Language] (in Slovak), volume 1–7 (A – Ž), Bratislava: VEDA, →OCLC

Papiamentu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch kool.

Noun[edit]

kolo

  1. cabbage

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Clipping of kolega.

Noun[edit]

kolo m pers

  1. (colloquial) bloke
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Clipping of kolokwium.

Noun[edit]

kolo n

  1. (education, university slang) midterm exam conducted mainly by a university
    Synonyms: kolokwium, kolos, sprawdzian
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowed from Serbo-Croatian kolo. Doublet of koło

Noun[edit]

kolo n

  1. kolo (national folk dance common in regions pertaining to South Slavic people, performed in a circle)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun[edit]

kolo f

  1. vocative singular of kola

Further reading[edit]

  • kolo in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • kolo in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Serbo-Croatian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sh

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *kolo

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kôlo/
  • Hyphenation: ko‧lo

Noun[edit]

kȍlo n (Cyrillic spelling ко̏ло)

  1. wheel
  2. kolo
  3. level, phase, volume, round, stage

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

nouns

Further reading[edit]

  • kolo” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Slovene[edit]

Slovene Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sl

Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *kolo. The sense "bicycle" is probably a calque of German Rad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kolọ̑ n

  1. wheel
  2. bicycle
    Synonym: bicíkel
Inflection[edit]
Declension of kolo (neuter, s-stem)
nom. sing. kolo
gen. sing. kolesa
singular dual plural
nominative kolo kolesi kolesa
accusative kolo kolesi kolesa
genitive kolesa koles koles
dative kolesu kolesoma kolesom
locative kolesu kolesih kolesih
instrumental kolesom kolesoma kolesi

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kọ̑lo n

  1. kolo (dance)
Inflection[edit]
The diacritics used in this section of the entry are non-tonal. If you are a native tonal speaker, please help by adding the tonal marks.
Neuter, hard
nom. sing. kólo
gen. sing. kóla
singular dual plural
nominative
(imenovȃlnik)
kólo kóli kóla
genitive
(rodȋlnik)
kóla kól kól
dative
(dajȃlnik)
kólu kóloma kólom
accusative
(tožȋlnik)
kólo kóli kóla
locative
(mẹ̑stnik)
kólu kólih kólih
instrumental
(orọ̑dnik)
kólom kóloma kóli

Further reading[edit]

  • kolo”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran
  • kolo”, in Termania, Amebis
  • See also the general references

Sranan Tongo[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Dutch kool.

Noun[edit]

kolo

  1. cabbage

Tezoatlán Mixtec[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cf. Alcozauca Mixtec ko̱ꞌló, Chayuco Mixtec colo, Magdalena Peñasco Mixtec kolo, San Juan Colorado Mixtec colo, San Miguel el Grande Mixtec cóhló, Sinicahua Mixtec koꞌlo, Western Juxtlahuaca Mixtec kolo, Yosondúa Mixtec koꞌlo.

Noun[edit]

kolo

  1. turkey cock

References[edit]

  • F. de Williams, Judith; Ojeda Morales, Gerardo; Torres Benavides, Liborio (2017) Diccionario mixteco de San Andrés Yutatío, Tezoatlán, Oaxaca (Serie de vocabularios y diccionarios indígenas “Mariano Silva y Aceves”; 49)‎[2] (in Spanish), Instituto Lingüístico de Verano, A.C., page 105

Tongan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Oceanic [Term?] (compare Fijian koro).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kolo

  1. village

Votic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *kolo (hole) +‎ -o. Cognates include Ingrian kolo and Finnish kolo.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Luutsa, Liivtšülä) IPA(key): /ˈkolo/, [ˈkoɫo]
  • Rhymes: -olo
  • Hyphenation: ko‧lo

Noun[edit]

kolo

  1. icon case, kiot

Inflection[edit]

Declension of kolo (type II/võrkko, no gradation)
singular plural
nominative kolo kolod
genitive kolo kolojõ, koloi
partitive kolloa koloitõ, koloi
illative kollosõ, kollo koloisõ
inessive koloz koloiz
elative kolossõ koloissõ
allative kololõ koloilõ
adessive kolollõ koloillõ
ablative kololtõ koloiltõ
translative kolossi koloissi
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the terminative is formed by adding the suffix -ssaa to the short illative (sg) or the genitive.
***) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka to the genitive.

References[edit]

  • Hallap, V.; Adler, E.; Grünberg, S.; Leppik, M. (2012), “kolo”, in Vadja keele sõnaraamat [A dictionary of the Votic language], 2nd edition, Tallinn

Western Juxtlahuaca Mixtec[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

kolo

  1. turkey cock

Coordinate terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Pequeño diccionario ilustrado: Tu̱ꞌun na̱ ñuu Ki̱yaa xíꞌin na̱ xiyo oeste ñuu Skuíya: Mixteco del oeste de Juxtlahuaca, Oaxaca[3] (in Mixtec and Spanish), third edition, 2014, page 8

Yoruba[edit]

Kóló tí a máa ń fi pa ohun iyebíye mọ́.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kóló

  1. money box
  2. piggy bank, bank