kol

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See also: Kol, KOL, kòl, köl, koł, kół, -kol, -köl, and кол

Azerbaijani[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kol (definite accusative kolu, plural kollar)

  1. bush
  2. (Zaqatala) forest

Declension[edit]


Cornish[edit]

Noun[edit]

kol

  1. Hard mutation of gol.

Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kol

  1. genitive plural of kolo

Adverb[edit]

kol

  1. (literary) Alternative form of kolem

Preposition[edit]

kol

  1. (literary) Alternative form of kolem

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kɔl/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: kol
  • Rhymes: -ɔl

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

kol f (plural kollen, diminutive kolletje n)

  1. witch
  2. (Belgium) wizard, magician, sorcerer, conjuror, warlock
Synonyms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

kol (comparative koller, superlative kolst)

  1. (Belgium) difficult, troublesome
  2. (Belgium) magical
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of kol
uninflected kol
inflected kolle
comparative koller
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial kol koller het kolst
het kolste
indefinite m./f. sing. kolle kollere kolste
n. sing. kol koller kolste
plural kolle kollere kolste
definite kolle kollere kolste
partitive kols kollers

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *kullaz, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *gelH- (head).[1]

Noun[edit]

kol m (plural kollen, diminutive kolletje n)

  1. White spot on the forehead of a horse or a cow.
Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “kol1”, in van der Sijs, Nicoline, editor, Etymologiebank[1], Meertens Institute, 2010

Anagrams[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Numeral[edit]

kol

  1. (colloquial) three

Usage notes[edit]

This term is used mainly in counting, i.e. not attributively.

Synonyms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse kol, from Proto-Germanic *kulą, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷol-, from *ǵwelH- (to burn, shine).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kol n (genitive singular kols, nominative plural kol)

  1. (usually in the plural) coal
  2. (in compounds) carbon (chemical element)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Indonesian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Dutch kool (cabbage), from Middle Dutch col, cole, from Old Dutch *kōl, *kōla, from Latin caulis, from Ancient Greek καυλός (kaulós, stem). Doublet of kubis.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈkɔl], [ˈkol]
  • Hyphenation: kol

Noun[edit]

kol (plural, first-person possessive kolku, second-person possessive kolmu, third-person possessive kolnya)

  1. cabbage.
    Synonym: kubis

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From clipping of kolonel (colonel).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈkɔl], [ˈkol]
  • Hyphenation: kol

Noun[edit]

kol (plural, first-person possessive kolku, second-person possessive kolmu, third-person possessive kolnya)

  1. colonel.

Etymology 3[edit]

Genericization of the Japanese automobile nameplate Mitsubishi Colt, from English colt (young male horse).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈkɔl], [ˈkol]
  • Hyphenation: kol

Noun[edit]

kol (plural, first-person possessive kolku, second-person possessive kolmu, third-person possessive kolnya)

  1. Front-engine minibus or pickup.

Etymology 4[edit]

From Dutch calculeren (to calculate, to estimate), from Latin calculātus.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈkɔl]
  • Hyphenation: kol

Verb[edit]

kol

  1. to calculate, to estimate, to check.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

From Dutch kool (coal), from Middle Dutch cole, from Old Dutch *kol, *kolo, from Proto-Germanic *kulą, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷol-, from *ǵwelH- (to burn, shine).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈkɔl], [ˈkol]
  • Hyphenation: kol

Noun[edit]

kol (plural, first-person possessive kolku, second-person possessive kolmu, third-person possessive kolnya)

  1. (colloquial) coal
    Synonym: batu bara

Further reading[edit]


Lithuanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.) Related to kas.

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

kõl

  1. while, as long as (within or during the time that the second argument is still valid); (with negation) until
    leñk mẽdį, kõl jáunas - strike while the iron is hot (literally: bend the wood while it is young)
    Žmogùs gývas tõl, kõl gyvì prisiminìmai apiẽ jį̃. - A person is alive for as long as memories of him live on.
    Skaičiaũ, kõl neužmigaũ. - I read until I fell asleep.
  2. (with future tense) when, after
    Àš tavę̃s pasiìlgsiu, kõl bū́si išvažiãvus. - I'll miss you when you've gone.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Nihali[edit]

Noun[edit]

kol

  1. woman

Further reading[edit]

  • Shailendra Mohan, Noun morphology in Nihali and Korku

North Wahgi[edit]

Noun[edit]

kol

  1. name

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse kol, from Proto-Germanic *kulą, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷol-, from *ǵwelH- (to burn, shine).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kol n (definite singular kolet, uncountable)

  1. coal

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Old High German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *kol, whence also Old English col, Old Norse kol.

Noun[edit]

kol n

  1. coal

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle High German: kol

Old Norse[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *kulą, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷol-, from *ǵwelH- (to burn, shine).

Noun[edit]

kol n pl

  1. coal

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • kol in Geir T. Zoëga, A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1910

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

kol

  1. second-person singular imperative of kłuć
    Synonym: kłuj

Further reading[edit]

  • kol in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse kol, from Proto-Germanic *kulą, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷol-, from *ǵwelH- (to burn, shine).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kol n

  1. (uncountable) carbon
  2. (uncountable) coal, either rock or charcoal
  3. (countable) a piece of coal

Declension[edit]

Declension of kol 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative kol kolet kol kolen
Genitive kols kolets kols kolens

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Tok Pisin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From English cold

Adjective[edit]

kol

  1. cold
    • 1989, Buk Baibel long Tok Pisin, Port Moresby: Bible Society of Papua New Guinea, Jenesis 3:8:
      Long apinun, taim ples i kol, tupela i harim God, Bikpela i wokabaut long dispela gaden, na tupela i hait namel long ol diwai.
      →New International Version translation

Etymology 2[edit]

From English call

Adjective[edit]

kol

  1. called
Related terms[edit]
This entry has fewer than three known examples of actual usage, the minimum considered necessary for clear attestation, and may not be reliable. Tok Pisin is subject to a special exemption for languages with limited documentation. If you speak it, please consider editing this entry or adding citations. See also Help and the Community Portal.

Turkish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish قول(qol, arm, sleeve, branch), from Proto-Turkic *kol (upper arm). Cognate to Old Uyghur qwl (qol, arm), Karakhanid قُولْ(qōl, arm).

Noun[edit]

kol (definite accusative kolu, plural kollar)

  1. arm
  2. handle
  3. branch
Declension[edit]
Inflection
Nominative kol
Definite accusative kolu
Singular Plural
Nominative kol kollar
Definite accusative kolu kolları
Dative kola kollara
Locative kolda kollarda
Ablative koldan kollardan
Genitive kolun kolların
Possessive forms
Nominative Singular Plural
1st singular kolum kollarım
2nd singular kolun kolların
3rd singular kolu kolları
1st plural kolumuz kollarımız
2nd plural kolunuz kollarınız
3rd plural kolları kolları
Definite accusative Singular Plural
1st singular kolumu kollarımı
2nd singular kolunu kollarını
3rd singular kolunu kollarını
1st plural kolumuzu kollarımızı
2nd plural kolunuzu kollarınızı
3rd plural kollarını kollarını
Dative Singular Plural
1st singular koluma kollarıma
2nd singular koluna kollarına
3rd singular koluna kollarına
1st plural kolumuza kollarımıza
2nd plural kolunuza kollarınıza
3rd plural kollarına kollarına
Locative Singular Plural
1st singular kolumda kollarımda
2nd singular kolunda kollarında
3rd singular kolunda kollarında
1st plural kolumuzda kollarımızda
2nd plural kolunuzda kollarınızda
3rd plural kollarında kollarında
Ablative Singular Plural
1st singular kolumdan kollarımdan
2nd singular kolundan kollarından
3rd singular kolundan kollarından
1st plural kolumuzdan kollarımızdan
2nd plural kolunuzdan kollarınızdan
3rd plural kollarından kollarından
Genitive Singular Plural
1st singular kolumun kollarımın
2nd singular kolunun kollarının
3rd singular kolunun kollarının
1st plural kolumuzun kollarımızın
2nd plural kolunuzun kollarınızın
3rd plural kollarının kollarının
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *kōl (valley).

Noun[edit]

kol (definite accusative kolu, plural kollar)

  1. (dialectal) valley

Volapük[edit]

Preposition[edit]

kol

  1. against