kol

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Azerbaijani[edit]

Azerbaijani Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia az

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [coɫ]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

kol (definite accusative kolu, plural kollar)

  1. bush
  2. (Zaqatala) forest

Declension[edit]

    Declension of kol
singular plural
nominative kol
kollar
definite accusative kolu
kolları
dative kola
kollara
locative kolda
kollarda
ablative koldan
kollardan
definite genitive kolun
kolların
    Possessive forms of kol
nominative
singular plural
mənim (my) kolum kollarım
sənin (your) kolun kolların
onun (his/her/its) kolu kolları
bizim (our) kolumuz kollarımız
sizin (your) kolunuz kollarınız
onların (their) kolu or kolları kolları
accusative
singular plural
mənim (my) kolumu kollarımı
sənin (your) kolunu kollarını
onun (his/her/its) kolunu kollarını
bizim (our) kolumuzu kollarımızı
sizin (your) kolunuzu kollarınızı
onların (their) kolunu or kollarını kollarını
dative
singular plural
mənim (my) koluma kollarıma
sənin (your) koluna kollarına
onun (his/her/its) koluna kollarına
bizim (our) kolumuza kollarımıza
sizin (your) kolunuza kollarınıza
onların (their) koluna or kollarına kollarına
locative
singular plural
mənim (my) kolumda kollarımda
sənin (your) kolunda kollarında
onun (his/her/its) kolunda kollarında
bizim (our) kolumuzda kollarımızda
sizin (your) kolunuzda kollarınızda
onların (their) kolunda or kollarında kollarında
ablative
singular plural
mənim (my) kolumdan kollarımdan
sənin (your) kolundan kollarından
onun (his/her/its) kolundan kollarından
bizim (our) kolumuzdan kollarımızdan
sizin (your) kolunuzdan kollarınızdan
onların (their) kolundan or kollarından kollarından
genitive
singular plural
mənim (my) kolumun kollarımın
sənin (your) kolunun kollarının
onun (his/her/its) kolunun kollarının
bizim (our) kolumuzun kollarımızın
sizin (your) kolunuzun kollarınızın
onların (their) kolunun or kollarının kollarının

Further reading[edit]

  • kol” in Obastan.com.

Cornish[edit]

Noun[edit]

kol

  1. Hard mutation of gol.

Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kol n

  1. genitive plural of kolo

Adverb[edit]

kol

  1. (literary) Alternative form of kolem

Preposition[edit]

kol

  1. (literary) Alternative form of kolem

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

kol f (plural kollen, diminutive kolletje n)

  1. witch
  2. (Belgium) wizard, magician, sorcerer, conjuror, warlock
Synonyms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

kol (comparative koller, superlative kolst)

  1. (Belgium) difficult, troublesome
  2. (Belgium) magical
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of kol
uninflected kol
inflected kolle
comparative koller
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial kol koller het kolst
het kolste
indefinite m./f. sing. kolle kollere kolste
n. sing. kol koller kolste
plural kolle kollere kolste
definite kolle kollere kolste
partitive kols kollers

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *kullaz, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *gelH- (head).[1]

Noun[edit]

kol m (plural kollen, diminutive kolletje n)

  1. White spot on the forehead of a horse or a cow.
Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ van der Sijs, Nicoline, editor (2010), “kol1”, in Etymologiebank, Meertens Institute

Anagrams[edit]

Finnish[edit]

Finnish numbers (edit)
30
 ←  2 3 4  → [a], [b]
    Cardinal: kolme
    Colloquial counting form: koo, kol
    Ordinal: kolmas
    Colloquial ordinal: kolkki (regional)
    Ordinal abbreviation: 3., 3:s
    Digit name: kolmonen
    Adverbial: kolmesti, kolmasti
    Multiplier: kolminkertainen
    Distributive: kolmittain
    Fractional: kolmasosa, kolmannes

Etymology[edit]

< kolme, specifically the initial syllable

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkol/, [ˈko̞l]
  • Rhymes: -ol
  • Syllabification(key): kol

Numeral[edit]

kol (colloquial)

  1. (counting) three

Usage notes[edit]

This term is used mainly in counting, i.e. not attributively.

Synonyms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse kol, from Proto-Germanic *kulą, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷol-, from *ǵwelH- (to burn, shine).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kol n (genitive singular kols, nominative plural kol)

  1. (usually in the plural) coal
  2. (in compounds) carbon (chemical element)
  3. artist's charcoal
    Synonym: teiknikol

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

  • kol- (used to add emphasis)

Indonesian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Dutch kool (cabbage), from Middle Dutch col, cole, from Old Dutch *kōl, *kōla, from Latin caulis, from Ancient Greek καυλός (kaulós, stem). Doublet of kubis.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈkɔl], [ˈkol]
  • Hyphenation: kol

Noun[edit]

kol (first-person possessive kolku, second-person possessive kolmu, third-person possessive kolnya)

  1. cabbage.
    Synonym: kubis
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From clipping of kolonel (colonel).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈkɔl], [ˈkol]
  • Hyphenation: kol

Noun[edit]

kol (first-person possessive kolku, second-person possessive kolmu, third-person possessive kolnya)

  1. colonel.

Etymology 3[edit]

Mitsubishi Colt L300 Diesel pickup (Indonesia)

A genericized trademark of the Japanese automobile nameplate Mitsubishi Colt, from English colt (young male horse).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈkɔl], [ˈkol]
  • Hyphenation: kol

Noun[edit]

kol (first-person possessive kolku, second-person possessive kolmu, third-person possessive kolnya)

  1. Front-engine minibus or pickup.

Etymology 4[edit]

From Dutch calculeren (to calculate, to estimate), from Latin calculātus.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈkɔl]
  • Hyphenation: kol

Verb[edit]

kol

  1. to calculate, to estimate, to check.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

From Dutch kool (coal), from Middle Dutch cole, from Old Dutch *kol, *kolo, from Proto-Germanic *kulą, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷol-, from *ǵwelH- (to burn, shine).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈkɔl], [ˈkol]
  • Hyphenation: kol

Noun[edit]

kol (first-person possessive kolku, second-person possessive kolmu, third-person possessive kolnya)

  1. (colloquial) coal
    Synonym: batu bara

Further reading[edit]

Karaim[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *kol.

Noun[edit]

kol

  1. arm, hand

References[edit]

  • N. A. Baskakov, S.M. Šapšala, editor (1973), “kol”, in Karaimsko-Russko-Polʹskij Slovarʹ, Moskva, →ISBN

Lithuanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.) Related to kas.

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

kõl

  1. while, as long as (within or during the time that the second argument is still valid); (with negation) until
    leñk mẽdį, kõl jáunas - strike while the iron is hot (literally: bend the wood while it is young)
    Žmogùs gývas tõl, kõl gyvì prisiminìmai apiẽ jį̃. - A person is alive for as long as memories of him live on.
    Skaičiaũ, kõl neužmigaũ. - I read until I fell asleep.
  2. (with future tense) when, after
    Àš tavę̃s pasiìlgsiu, kõl bū́si išvažiãvus. - I'll miss you when you've gone.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Nawdm[edit]

Noun[edit]

kol d (plural kola ɦa)

  1. river, watercourse

References[edit]

  • Bakabima, Koulon Stéphane; Nicole, Jacques (2018) Nawdm-French Dictionary[1], SIL International

Nihali[edit]

Noun[edit]

kol

  1. woman

Further reading[edit]

  • Shailendra Mohan, Noun morphology in Nihali and Korku

North Wahgi[edit]

Noun[edit]

kol

  1. name

References[edit]

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse kol, from Proto-Germanic *kulą (coal).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kol n (definite singular kolet, indefinite plural kol, definite plural kola or kolene)

  1. form removed by a 2021 spelling decision; superseded by køl

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse kol, from Proto-Germanic *kulą, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷol-, from *ǵwelH- (to burn, shine).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kol n (definite singular kolet, uncountable)

  1. coal

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

Old High German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *kol, whence also Old English col, Old Norse kol.

Noun[edit]

kol n

  1. coal

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle High German: kol

Old Norse[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *kulą, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷol-, from *ǵwelH- (to burn, shine).

Noun[edit]

kol n pl

  1. coal

Descendants[edit]

  • Icelandic: kol
  • Faroese: kol
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: kol
    • Norwegian Bokmål: kol
  • Jamtish: kuł
  • Old Swedish: kol, kul
  • Danish: kul
    • Norwegian Bokmål: kull

References[edit]

  • kol”, in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kɔl/
  • Rhymes: -ɔl
  • Syllabification: kol

Verb[edit]

kol

  1. second-person singular imperative of kłuć
    Synonym: kłuj

Further reading[edit]

  • kol in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Slovene[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *kolъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kȍl m inan

  1. stake

Declension[edit]

The diacritics used in this section of the entry are non-tonal. If you are a native tonal speaker, please help by adding the tonal marks.
Masculine inan., hard o-stem
nom. sing. kòl
gen. sing. kôla
singular dual plural
nominative
(imenovȃlnik)
kòl kôla kôli
genitive
(rodȋlnik)
kôla kôlov kôlov
dative
(dajȃlnik)
kôlu kôloma kôlom
accusative
(tožȋlnik)
kòl kôla kôle
locative
(mẹ̑stnik)
kôlu kôlih kôlih
instrumental
(orọ̑dnik)
kôlom kôloma kôli

Further reading[edit]

  • kol”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Somali[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

kol m

  1. time

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

kol m

  1. growth

Swedish[edit]

Chemical element
C
Previous: bor (B)
Next: kväve (N)

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse kol, from Proto-Germanic *kulą, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷol-, from *ǵwelH- (to burn, shine).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kol n

  1. (uncountable) carbon
  2. (uncountable) coal, either rock or charcoal
  3. (countable) a piece of coal

Declension[edit]

Declension of kol 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative kol kolet kol kolen
Genitive kols kolets kols kolens

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Tok Pisin[edit]

This entry has fewer than three known examples of actual usage, the minimum considered necessary for clear attestation, and may not be reliable. Tok Pisin is subject to a special exemption for languages with limited documentation. If you speak it, please consider editing this entry or adding citations. See also Help and the Community Portal.

Etymology 1[edit]

From English cold.

Adjective[edit]

kol

  1. cold
    • 1989, Buk Baibel long Tok Pisin, Port Moresby: Bible Society of Papua New Guinea, Jenesis 3:8:
      Long apinun, taim ples i kol, tupela i harim God, Bikpela i wokabaut long dispela gaden, na tupela i hait namel long ol diwai.
      →New International Version translation

Etymology 2[edit]

From English call.

Adjective[edit]

kol

  1. called
Related terms[edit]

Turkish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /koɫ/, [ˈkʰo̞ʷɫ̟̊]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Ottoman Turkishقول(qol, arm, sleeve, branch), from Proto-Turkic *kol (upper arm). Cognate to Old Uyghur qwl (qol, arm), Karakhanidقُولْ(qōl, arm).

Noun[edit]

kol (definite accusative kolu, plural kollar)

  1. arm
  2. handle
  3. branch
  4. (military) troop; patrol; column
Declension[edit]
Inflection
Nominative kol
Definite accusative kolu
Singular Plural
Nominative kol kollar
Definite accusative kolu kolları
Dative kola kollara
Locative kolda kollarda
Ablative koldan kollardan
Genitive kolun kolların
Possessive forms
Nominative
Singular Plural
1st singular kolum kollarım
2nd singular kolun kolların
3rd singular kolu kolları
1st plural kolumuz kollarımız
2nd plural kolunuz kollarınız
3rd plural kolları kolları
Definite accusative
Singular Plural
1st singular kolumu kollarımı
2nd singular kolunu kollarını
3rd singular kolunu kollarını
1st plural kolumuzu kollarımızı
2nd plural kolunuzu kollarınızı
3rd plural kollarını kollarını
Dative
Singular Plural
1st singular koluma kollarıma
2nd singular koluna kollarına
3rd singular koluna kollarına
1st plural kolumuza kollarımıza
2nd plural kolunuza kollarınıza
3rd plural kollarına kollarına
Locative
Singular Plural
1st singular kolumda kollarımda
2nd singular kolunda kollarında
3rd singular kolunda kollarında
1st plural kolumuzda kollarımızda
2nd plural kolunuzda kollarınızda
3rd plural kollarında kollarında
Ablative
Singular Plural
1st singular kolumdan kollarımdan
2nd singular kolundan kollarından
3rd singular kolundan kollarından
1st plural kolumuzdan kollarımızdan
2nd plural kolunuzdan kollarınızdan
3rd plural kollarından kollarından
Genitive
Singular Plural
1st singular kolumun kollarımın
2nd singular kolunun kollarının
3rd singular kolunun kollarının
1st plural kolumuzun kollarımızın
2nd plural kolunuzun kollarınızın
3rd plural kollarının kollarının
Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Nişanyan, Sevan (2002–), “kol”, in Nişanyan Sözlük
  • Avery, Robert et al., editors (2013) The Redhouse Dictionary Turkish/Ottoman English, 21st edition, Istanbul: Sev Yayıncılık, →ISBN

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *kōl (valley).

Noun[edit]

kol (definite accusative kolu, plural kollar)

  1. (dialectal) valley

Volapük[edit]

Preposition[edit]

kol

  1. against