carbon

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See also: carbón

English[edit]

Chemical element
C Previous: boron (B)
Next: nitrogen (N)

Etymology[edit]

From French carbone, coined by Lavoisier, from Latin carbō ‎(charcoal, coal), from Proto-Indo-European *ker- ‎(to burn), see also Old English heorþ ‎(hearth), Old Norse hyrr ‎(fire), Gothic 𐌷𐌰𐌿𐍂𐌹 ‎(hauri, coal), Old High German harsta ‎(roasting), Russian церен ‎(ceren, brazier), Old Church Slavonic крада ‎(krada, hearth, fireplace), Lithuanian kuriu ‎(to heat), karstas ‎(hot) and krosnis ‎(oven), Sanskrit कृष्ण ‎(kṛṣṇa, burnt, black) and कूडयति ‎(kūḍayati, singes), Latin cremare ‎(to burn).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

carbon ‎(countable and uncountable, plural carbons)

  1. (uncountable) The chemical element (symbol C) with an atomic number of 6.
  2. (countable) An atom of this element, in reference to a molecule containing it.
    A methane molecule is made up of a single carbon with four hydrogens.
  3. (countable, informal) A sheet of carbon paper.
    • 1939, Raymond Chandler, The Big Sleep, Penguin 2011, page 51:
      He stepped back and opened his bag and took out a printed pad of D.O.A. forms and began to write over a carbon.
  4. (countable, informal) A carbon copy.
  5. A fossil fuel that is made of impure carbon such as coal or charcoal.
  6. (ecology, uncountable) Carbon dioxide, in the context of global warming and climate change.
  7. A carbon rod or pencil used in an arc lamp.
  8. A plate or piece of carbon used as one of the elements of a voltaic battery.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

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See also[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Romanian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ro

Chemical element
C Previous: bor (B)
Next: azot (N)

Etymology[edit]

From French carbone, coined by Lavoisier, from Latin carbō ‎(charcoal, coal), from Proto-Indo-European *ker- ‎(to burn).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /karˈbon/
  • Hyphenation: car‧bon

Noun[edit]

carbon n (uncountable)

  1. carbon (chemical element)

References[edit]

carbon in DEX online - Dicționarul explicativ al limbii române, 2004-2011



Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

carbon m ‎(genitive singular carboin, no plural)

  1. carbon (element)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]