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See also:
U+70AD, 炭
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-70AD

[U+70AC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+70AE]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 86, +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 山大火 (UKF) or 山一火 (UMF), four-corner 22289, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 668, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 18953
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1077, character 24
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2195, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+70AD

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. #

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tŋ̊ʰaːns
*tʰaːns

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tŋ̊ʰaːns): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *ŋɡaːns).

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *tal (charcoal; dust; ashes). Cognate with Tibetan ཐལ་བ (thal ba, ashes; dust; dirt).

Derivative: (tàn, “carbon”).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • thàn - literary;
  • thòaⁿ - vernacular.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (6)
    Final () (61)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /tʰɑnH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /tʰɑnH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /tʰɑnH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /tʰanH/
    Li
    Rong
    /tʰɑnH/
    Wang
    Li
    /tʰɑnH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /tʰɑnH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    tàn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    tàn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ thanH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[tʰ]ˁa[n]-s/
    English charcoal, coal

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 12356
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tŋ̊ʰaːns/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. charcoal
    2. charcoal fire
    3. coal
    4. coal-like substance
    5. Alternative form of (tàn, “carbon”).
    6. (ACG, Internet, slang, from Japanese たん (tan)) -tan

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese:  (たん) (tan)
    • Korean: (, tan)
    • Vietnamese: thán ()

    Others:


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. coal
    2. charcoal

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana すみ, rōmaji sumi)

    1. charcoal

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (tan) (hangeul , revised tan, McCune–Reischauer t'an, Yale than)

    1. charcoal
    2. coal
    3. carbon

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (than, thán, tro)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.