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See also:
U+70AD, 炭
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-70AD

[U+70AC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+70AE]
U2f91a.svg
炭 U+2F91A, 炭
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F91A
灷
[U+2F919]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 𠔥
[U+2F91B]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 86, +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 山大火 (UKF) or 山一火 (UMF), four-corner 22289, composition(HJKTV) or ⿱(G))

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 668, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 18953
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1077, character 24
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2195, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+70AD

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. #

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tŋ̊ʰaːns): semantic + phonetic (OC *ŋɡaːns).

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *tal (charcoal; dust; ashes). Cognate with Tibetan ཐལ་བ (thal ba, ashes; dust; dirt).

Derivative: (tàn, “carbon”).

(ACG slang) -tan
Borrowed from Japanese たん (tan).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • thàn - literary;
  • thòaⁿ - vernacular.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (6)
    Final () (61)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /tʰɑnH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /tʰɑnH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /tʰɑnH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /tʰanH/
    Li
    Rong
    /tʰɑnH/
    Wang
    Li
    /tʰɑnH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /tʰɑnH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    tàn
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    taan3
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    tàn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ thanH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[tʰ]ˁa[n]-s/
    English charcoal, coal

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 12356
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tŋ̊ʰaːns/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. charcoal
        ―  tànhuǒ  ―  charcoal fire
    2. charcoal-like substance
    3. charcoal fire
    4. (dialectal) coal
      [Jin]  ―  xi1 tan3 [Wiktionary]  ―  bituminous coal
      [Jin]  ―  beng3 tan3 [Wiktionary]  ―  anthracite
    5. Alternative form of (tàn, “carbon”).
    6. (ACG, Internet slang) -tan

    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: (たん) (tan)
    • Korean: (, tan)
    • Vietnamese: thán ()

    Others:


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. a coal or cinder from a fire
    2. charcoal

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    すみ
    Grade: 3
    kun’yomi
    For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
    すみ
    [noun] a coal or cinder from a fire
    [noun] charcoal
    [noun] (rare) coal (fossil fuel)
    (This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    たん
    Grade: 3

    From Middle Chinese (MC tʰɑnH).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (たん) (tan

    1. (rare) charcoal
      Synonyms: (more common; see above) (sumi), (literally “wood charcoal”) 木炭 (mokutan), (rare reading) 木炭 (kizumi)
    2. (rare) coal (fossil fuel)
      Synonyms: (literally “stone charcoal”) 石炭 (sekitan), (rare reading) 石炭 (ishizumi)
    Usage notes[edit]

    This reading is only very rarely used as a standalone noun. Much more commonly encountered in compounds.

    Proper noun[edit]

    (たん) (Tan

    1. a surname​.

    References[edit]


    Further reading[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC tʰɑnH). Recorded as Middle Korean 탄〯 (Yale: than) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun (sut tan))

    1. Hanja form? of (charcoal; coal; carbon).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: thán, than, tro

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.