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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 86 +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 山大火 (UKF) or 山一火 (UMF), four-corner 22289, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 668, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 18953
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1077, character 24
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2195, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+70AD

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tŋ̥ʰaːns): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *ŋɡaːns).

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *tal ‎(charcoal; dust; ashes). Cognate with Tibetan ཐལ་བ ‎(thal ba, ashes; dust; dirt).

Derivative: (tàn, “carbon”).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (6)
Final () (61)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tʰɑnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/tʰɑnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰɑnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tʰanH/
Li
Rong
/tʰɑnH/
Wang
Li
/tʰɑnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tʰɑnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
tàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
tàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ thanH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[tʰ]ˤa[n]-s/
English charcoal, coal

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12356
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tŋ̥ʰaːns/

Definitions[edit]

  1. charcoal
  2. charcoal fire
  3. coal
  4. coal-like substance
  5. Alternative form of (tàn, “carbon”).

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic ():

Others:


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. coal
  2. charcoal

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana すみ, romaji sumi)

  1. charcoal

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(tan) (hangeul , revised tan, McCune-Reischauer t'an, Yale than)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(than, thán, tro)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.