炭素

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Chinese[edit]

charcoal plain; element
trad. (炭素)
simp. #(炭素)

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Japanese  (たん) () (tanso).

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

炭素

  1. (Taiwanese Hokkien) carbon

Japanese[edit]

Chemical element
C Previous: ホウ () (hōso) (B)
Next:  (ちっ) () (chisso) (N)
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Kanji in this term
たん
Grade: 3

Grade: 5
on’yomi

Etymology[edit]

Compound of (tan, coal) +‎ (so, element), calque of Dutch koolstof (literally coal stuff). Compare also German Kohlenstoff, Luxembourgish Kuelestoff, Danish kulstof. Created by Udagawa Yōan in his book 遠西医方名物考補遺 in 1834 (“炭素”).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

炭素 (hiragana たんそ, rōmaji tanso)

  1. carbon (chemical element)
    Synonym: カーボン (kābon)

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Korean: 탄소 (tanso)
  • Min Nan: 炭素 (thòaⁿ-sò͘)

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.