炭素

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Chinese[edit]

charcoal plain; element
simp. and trad.
(炭素)

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Japanese  (たん) () (tanso).

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

炭素

  1. (Taiwanese Min Nan) carbon

Japanese[edit]

Chemical element
C Previous: ホウ () (hōso) (B)
Next:  (ちっ) () (chisso) (N)
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
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Kanji in this term
たん
Grade: 3

Grade: 5
on’yomi

Etymology[edit]

Compound of (tan, coal) +‎ (so, element), calque of Dutch koolstof (literally coal stuff). Compare also German Kohlenstoff, Luxembourgish Kuelestoff, Danish kulstof.

Considered to be used first in Udagawa Yōan's 1837 book Introduction to Chemistry (舎密開宗 (Seimi Kaisō)), a compilation of various scientific books translated from Dutch.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

炭素 (hiragana たんそ, rōmaji tanso)

  1. carbon (chemical element)
    Synonyms: カーボン (kābon)

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Korean: 탄소 (tanso)
  • Min Nan: 炭素 (thòaⁿ-sò͘)

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.