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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +4, 6 strokes, cangjie input 人尸大 (OSK), four-corner 27257, composition)

  1. him, her - third person pronoun (less common in Mandarin, used in Shanghainese, Min Nan)
  2. he, she, this, that (less common in Mandarin)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 95, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 432
  • Dae Jaweon: page 202, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 126, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+4F0A

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (伊), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 影 (34)
Final: 脂
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 於脂切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiɪ/ /ʔi/ /ʔi/ /ʔi/ /ʔi/ /i/ /ʔjɪ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ʔjij › /*ʔij/ this

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15296 1 /*qlil/ 說文古文死聲,小徐雲俗本作尹聲

Pronoun[edit]

  1. (chiefly Min Nan, Wu) he, she, it, this
    兒子正好對勿起 [Shanghainese, trad.]
    儿子正好对勿起 [Shanghainese, simp.]
    I am sorry that you come to see my son, but he is not present now

Synonyms[edit]

  • (literary, Mandarin) ("he"), ("she"), ("it")
  • (vernacular, Cantonese) ,

Proper noun[edit]

  1. A surname​. Yi
  2. abbreviation of 伊拉克 (Iraq) or 伊朗 (Iran)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(i) (hangeul , revised i, McCune-Reischauer yi)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(y, ì, huy)

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References[edit]