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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 44 +1, 4 strokes, cangjie input 尸大 (SK) or X尸大 (XSK), four-corner 17507, composition丿)

  1. govern
  2. oversee
  3. director
  4. a surname

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 299, character 27
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7631
  • Dae Jaweon: page 595, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 964, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5C39

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /in²¹⁴/
Harbin /in²¹³/
Tianjin /in¹³/
Jinan /iẽ⁵⁵/
Qingdao /iə̃⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /in⁵³/
Xi'an /iẽ⁵³/
Xining /iə̃⁵³/
Yinchuan /iŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /ĩn⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /iŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /yn⁴²/
Chengdu /yn⁵³/
Guiyang /in⁴²/
Kunming /ĩ⁵³/
Nanjing /in²¹²/
Hefei /in²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /iəŋ⁵³/
Pingyao /iŋ⁵³/
Hohhot /ĩŋ⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /iŋ⁵³/
/ɦiŋ¹³/
Suzhou /ɦin³¹/
Hangzhou /ʔin³³/
Wenzhou /j̠oŋ³⁵/
Hui Shexian /iʌ̃³⁵/
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha /yn⁴¹/
Xiangtan /yn⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /in²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /iun⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /ʒuŋ³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /wɐn²³/
Nanning /wɐn³⁵/
Hong Kong /wɐn¹³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /in⁵³/
/un⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /yŋ³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /œyŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ɯŋ⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zin³¹/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (36)
Final: (47)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Closed
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: yǔn
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/jiuɪnX/ /jʷinX/ /juenX/ /jwinX/ /iuĕnX/ /jĭuĕnX/ /i̯uĕnX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yǐn ‹ ywinX › /*m-qurʔ/ govern; governor

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15300 1 /*ɢʷlinʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(yun)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: yun, McCune-Reischauer: yun, Yale: yun)
  • Name (hangeul): ()
  1. A common family name.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]