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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(water) + phonetic 

Original meaning was "water level."

Han character[edit]

(radical 85 +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 水土十 (EGJ), four-corner 30401, composition)

  1. rule, guideline, standard
  2. rank next to, follow
  3. (prefix) quasi-, pene-, para-, sub-, semi-, demi-

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 639, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17934
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1046, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1700, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+6E96

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (準), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 章 (23)
Final: 諄
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 之尹切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕiuɪnX/ /t͡ɕi̯uĕnX/ /t͡ɕiuĕnX/ /t͡ɕʷinX/ /cwinX/ /t͡ɕĭuĕnX/ /t͡ɕjuenX/
Character (準), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 章 (23)
Final: 薛
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 職悅切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕiuᴇt̚/ /t͡ɕi̯wɛt̚/ /t͡ɕiuɛt̚/ /t͡ɕʷiɛt̚/ /cwiat̚/ /t͡ɕĭuɛt̚/ /t͡ɕjuæt̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhǔn ‹ tsywinX › /*turʔ/ water-level

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12189 1 /*qʷjinʔ/
12190 2 /*qʷjed/ 通出頁見漢書

Definitions[edit]

  1. standard; criterion; norm

Adjective[edit]

  1. accurate; exact
  2. quasi-; pene-; para-

Adverb[edit]

  1. certainly; surely



Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ひとし, romaji Hitoshi)

  1. A male given name

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jun, jeol) (hangeul , , revised jun, jeol, McCune-Reischauer chun, chŏl, Yale cwun, cel)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(chuẩn, choán, chốn, chủn, trúng, trốn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.