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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qʷjinʔ, *qʷjed): semantic  ‎(water) + phonetic  ‎(OC *sqʰʷinʔ)

Original meaning was "water level."

Han character[edit]

(radical 85 +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 水土十 (EGJ), four-corner 30401, composition)

  1. rule, guideline, standard
  2. rank next to, follow
  3. (prefix) quasi-, pene-, para-, sub-, semi-, demi-

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 639, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17934
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1046, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1700, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+6E96

Chinese[edit]

trad. /
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (23) (23)
Final () (47) (82)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕiuɪnX/ /t͡ɕiuᴇt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕʷinX/ /t͡ɕʷiɛt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕjuenX/ /t͡ɕjuæt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cwinX/ /cwiat̚/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕiuĕnX/ /t͡ɕiuɛt̚/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭuĕnX/ /t͡ɕĭuɛt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕi̯uĕnX/ /t͡ɕi̯wɛt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhǔn zhuo
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhǔn
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsywinX ›
Old
Chinese
/*turʔ/
English water-level

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 12189 12190
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʷjinʔ/ /*qʷjed/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. standard; criterion; norm

Adjective[edit]

  1. accurate; exact
  2. quasi-; pene-; para-

Adverb[edit]

  1. certainly; surely

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ひとし, romaji Hitoshi)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jun, jeol) (hangeul , , revised jun, jeol, McCune-Reischauer chun, chŏl, Yale cwun, cel)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(chuẩn, choán, chốn, chủn, trúng, trốn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.