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U+5C04, 射
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5C04

[U+5C03]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5C05]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 41, +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 竹竹木戈 (HHDI), four-corner 24200, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 294, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7434
  • Dae Jaweon: page 582, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 506, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+5C04

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. #
alternative forms
𢎤
𨉛
𨈡

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions
射-oracle.svg 射-bronze.svg

In the oracle bone script, an ideogrammic compound (會意): (bow) + (arrow) – to shoot a bow.

In the bronze inscriptions, a hand () drawing the bowstring was added. Later the bow and arrow on the left became before or during the clerical script period, and the hand came to be written .

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *g/b/m-la-y (bow, arrow) (STEDT; Schuessler, 2007). Cognate with Lashi mjo³³ ʃɿ⁵⁵ (arrow), Achang kaŋ³⁵ m̥ʐua³¹ (arrow) and Shixing lɛ⁵⁵ si³³ (arrow).

Pronunciation 1[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʂɤ⁵¹/
Harbin /ʂɤ⁵³/
Tianjin /ʂɤ⁵³/
/sɤ⁵³/
Jinan /ʂə²¹/
Qingdao /ʃə⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʂʐ̩ɛ³¹²/
Xi'an /ʂɤ⁴⁴/
Xining /ʐɛ⁵³/
Yinchuan /ʂə¹³/
Lanzhou /ʂə¹³/
Ürümqi /ʂɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /sɤ³⁵/
Chengdu /se¹³/
Guiyang /sɛ²¹³/
Kunming /ʂə²¹²/
Nanjing /ʂəʔ⁵/
Hefei /ʂe⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /sɤ⁴⁵/
Pingyao /ʂʐ̩e̞³⁵/
Hohhot /sɤ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /zoʔ¹/
/zo²³/
Suzhou /zo³¹/
/zoʔ³/
Hangzhou /zz̩ʷei¹³/
Wenzhou /zei²²/
Hui Shexian /ɕie²²/
/ɕia²²/
Tunxi /ɕia¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ʂə⁵⁵/
/ʂa⁵⁵/ ~石头
Xiangtan /ʂɒ⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /sɑ²¹/
Hakka Meixian /sa⁵³/
Taoyuan /ʃɑ⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sɛ²²/
Nanning /sɛ²²/
Hong Kong /sɛ²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sia²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sia²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ia⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /sia³¹/
Haikou (Min Nan) /tia²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/4
Initial () (27)
Final () (100)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʑiaH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʑiaH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʑiaH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʑiaH/
Li
Rong
/d͡ʑiaH/
Wang
Li
/d͡ʑĭaH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡ʑʰi̯aH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shè
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
se6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shè
Middle
Chinese
‹ zyæH ›
Old
Chinese
/*Cə.lAk-s/
English shoot; archer

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/4
No. 11223
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢljaːɡs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to shoot (an arrow); to fire
  2. to launch; to eject; to project
  3. to emit; to radiate
  4. to guess
  5. to allude to
  6. to seek; to pursue
  7. (colloquial) to ejaculate
  8. archery

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 4/4
Initial () (27)
Final () (123)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʑiᴇk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʑiɛk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʑiæk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʑiajk̚/
Li
Rong
/d͡ʑiɛk̚/
Wang
Li
/d͡ʑĭɛk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡ʑʰi̯ɛk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shí
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
sik6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shè
Middle
Chinese
‹ zyek ›
Old
Chinese
/*Cə.lAk/
English hit with bow and arrow

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 3/4
No. 11226
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢljaːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to hit with bow and arrow

Pronunciation 3[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/4
Initial () (36)
Final () (100)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jiaH/
Pan
Wuyun
/jiaH/
Shao
Rongfen
/iaH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/jiaH/
Li
Rong
/iaH/
Wang
Li
/jĭaH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯aH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
je6
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/4
No. 11225
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*laːɡs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Used in 射干 (yègān).
  2. Used in 僕射仆射 (púyè).
  3. Used in 姑射.

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 4[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 3/4
Initial () (36)
Final () (123)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jiᴇk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/jiɛk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/iæk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/jiajk̚/
Li
Rong
/iɛk̚/
Wang
Li
/jĭɛk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯ɛk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
jik6
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 4/4
No. 11228
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*laːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Used in 無射无射.
  2. Alternative form of 𭣧 (, “to detest; to be weary of”).

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. shoot
  2. archery

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC ʑiaH).

Historical readings

Pronunciation[edit]

Hanja[edit]

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun (ssol sa))

  1. Hanja form? of (to shoot).

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC ʑiᴇk̚).

Historical readings

Pronunciation[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun 맞힐 (machil seok))

  1. (literary) Hanja form? of (to hit with bow and arrow).

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC jiaH).

Historical readings

Pronunciation[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun 벼슬 이름 (byeoseul ireum ya))

  1. (historical) Hanja form? of (title of an official).

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC jiᴇk̚).

Historical readings

Pronunciation[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun 음률(音律) (eumnyul yeok))

  1. Hanja form? of (eleventh note of the Shí-èr-lǜ musical scale).

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: xạ, dạ, dịch

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.