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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 41 +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 竹竹木戈 (HHDI), four-corner 24200, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 294, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7434
  • Dae Jaweon: page 582, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 506, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+5C04

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(bow) +  ‎(hand, wrist). 弓 was assimilated to 身 in the clerical script period.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʂɤ⁵¹/
Harbin /ʂɤ⁵³/
Tianjin /ʂɤ⁵³/
/sɤ⁵³/
Jinan /ʂə²¹/
Qingdao /ʃə⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʂʐ̩ɛ³¹²/
Xi'an /ʂɤ⁴⁴/
Xining /ʐɛ⁵³/
Yinchuan /ʂə¹³/
Lanzhou /ʂə¹³/
Ürümqi /ʂɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /sɤ³⁵/
Chengdu /se¹³/
Guiyang /sɛ²¹³/
Kunming /ʂə²¹²/
Nanjing /ʂəʔ⁵/
Hefei /ʂe⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /sɤ⁴⁵/
Pingyao /ʂʐ̩e̞³⁵/
Hohhot /sɤ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /zoʔ¹/
/zo²³/
Suzhou /zo³¹/
/zoʔ³/
Hangzhou /zz̩ʷei¹³/
Wenzhou /zei²²/
Hui Shexian /ɕie²²/
/ɕia²²/
Tunxi /ɕia¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ʂə⁵⁵/
/ʂa⁵⁵/ ~石头
Xiangtan /ʂɒ⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /sɑ²¹/
Hakka Meixian /sa⁵³/
Taoyuan /ʃɑ⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sɛ²²/
Nanning /sɛ²²/
Hong Kong /sɛ²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sia²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sia²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ia⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /sia³¹/
Haikou (Min Nan) /tia²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/4
Initial () (27)
Final () (100)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʑiaH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʑiaH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʑiaH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʑiaH/
Li
Rong
/d͡ʑiaH/
Wang
Li
/d͡ʑĭaH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡ʑʰi̯aH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shè
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shè
Middle
Chinese
‹ zyæH ›
Old
Chinese
/*Cə.lAk-s/
English shoot; archer

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/4
No. 11223
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢljaːɡs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to shoot, to launch, to eject
  2. to guess
  3. to allude to
  4. to emit
  5. (colloquial) to ejaculate
  6. archery

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 4/4
Initial () (27)
Final () (123)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʑiᴇk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʑiɛk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʑiæk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʑiajk̚/
Li
Rong
/d͡ʑiɛk̚/
Wang
Li
/d͡ʑĭɛk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡ʑʰi̯ɛk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shí
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shè
Middle
Chinese
‹ zyek ›
Old
Chinese
/*Cə.lAk/
English hit with bow and arrow

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 3/4
No. 11226
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢljaːɡ/

Verb[edit]

  1. to hit with bow and arrow

Pronunciation 3[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/4
Initial () (36)
Final () (100)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jiaH/
Pan
Wuyun
/jiaH/
Shao
Rongfen
/iaH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/jiaH/
Li
Rong
/iaH/
Wang
Li
/jĭaH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯aH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/4
No. 11225
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*laːɡs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Used in the compounds 射干 (yègān) and 僕射仆射 (púyè).

Pronunciation 4[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 3/4
Initial () (36)
Final () (123)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jiᴇk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/jiɛk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/iæk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/jiajk̚/
Li
Rong
/iɛk̚/
Wang
Li
/jĭɛk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯ɛk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 4/4
No. 11228
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*laːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 無射无射.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(sa, seok) (hangeul , , revised sa, seok, McCune-Reischauer sa, sŏk)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(xạ, dạ, dịch)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.