From Middle English passioun, passion, from Old French passion (and in part from Old English passion), from Latin passio (“suffering”), noun of action from perfect passive participle passus (“suffered”), from deponent verb patior (“I suffer”), from Proto-Indo-European *peh₁- (“to hurt”), see also Old English fēond (“devil, enemy”), Gothic 𐍆𐌰𐌹𐌰𐌽 (faian, “to blame”).
- Any great, strong, powerful emotion, especially romantic love or extreme hate.
- We share a passion for books.
- Fervor, determination.
- An object of passionate or romantic love or strong romantic interest.
- It started as a hobby, but now my motorbike collection has become my passion.
- Sexual intercourse, especially when very emotional.
- We shared a night of passion.
- (Christianity, usually capitalized) The suffering of Jesus leading up to and during his crucifixion.
- 1543 June 8, Henry VIII of England, “The Nynthe Article. The Holy Catholike Churche.”, in A Necessary Doctrine and Erudicion for Any Chrysten Man, Set furth by the Kynges Maiestye of Englande, &c., imprinted at London: […] by Thomas Berthelet, […], OCLC 1126428435:
- Moreouer the perfit beleue of this article, worketh in all true chriſten people, aloue to continue in this vnitie, and afeare to be caſte out of the ſame, and it worketh in them that be ſinners and repentant, great comforte, and conſolacion, to obteine remiſſion of ſinne, by vertue of Chriſtes paſſion, and adminiſtracion of his ſacramentes at the miniſters handes, ordained for that purpoſe, [...]
- A display, musical composition, or play meant to commemorate the suffering of Jesus.
- (obsolete) Suffering or enduring of imposed or inflicted pain; any suffering or distress.
- a cardiac passion
- [c. 1382–1395, John Wycliffe [et al.], Josiah Forshall and Frederic Madden, editors, The Holy Bible, […], volume IV (in Middle English), Oxford: At the University Press, published 1850, OCLC 459166891, Romans 8:18, page 172, column 1:
- Trewli I deme, that the passions of this tyme ben not euene worthi to the glorie to comynge, that schal be schewid in vs.
- Truly I deem, that the passions of this time are not even worthy to the glory to come, that shall be shown in us. [King James Version: For I reckon that the sufferings of this present time are not worthy to be compared with the glory which shall be revealed in us.]]
- (obsolete) The state of being acted upon; subjection to an external agent or influence; a passive condition
- Antonym: action
- 1689 (indicated as 1690), [John Locke], “Of Power”, in An Essay Concerning Humane Understanding. […], London: […] Eliz[abeth] Holt, for Thomas Basset, […], OCLC 153628242, book II, § 3, page 116:
- A Body at reſt affords us no Idea of any active Power to move; and when it is ſet is motion its ſelf, that Motion is rather a Paſſion, than an Action in it: [...]
- (obsolete) The capacity of being affected by external agents; susceptibility of impressions from external agents.
- 1631, [Francis Bacon], “IX. Century. [Experiment Solitary Touching Other Passions of Matter, and Characters of Bodies.]”, in Sylua Syluarum: Or A Naturall Historie. In Ten Centuries. […], 3rd edition, London: […] VVilliam Rawley; [p]rinted by J[ohn] H[aviland] for William Lee […], paragraph 846, page 216, OCLC 1044372886:
- The Differences of Impreſsible and Not Impreſsible; Figurable and Not Figurable; Mouldable and Not Mouldable; Sciſsile and Not Sciſsile; And many other Paſsions of Matter, are Plebeian Notions, applied vnto the Inſtruments and Vſes which Men ordinarily practiſe; [...]
- (obsolete) An innate attribute, property, or quality of a thing.
- [...] to obtain the knowledge of some passion of the circle.
- (obsolete) Disorder of the mind; madness.
- c. 1606, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Macbeth”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act III, scene iv], page 142, column 1:
- The fit is momentary, vpon a thought / He will againe be well. If much you note him / You ſhall offend him, and extend his Paſſion, / Feed, and regard him not.
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
- (obsolete) To suffer pain or sorrow; to experience a passion; to be extremely agitated.
- c. 1595–1596, W. Shakespere [i.e., William Shakespeare], A Pleasant Conceited Comedie Called, Loues Labors Lost. […] (First Quarto), London: […] W[illiam] W[hite] for Cut[h]bert Burby, published 1598, OCLC 61366361; republished as Shakspere’s Loves Labours Lost (Shakspere-Quarto Facsimiles; no. 5), London: W[illiam] Griggs, […], , OCLC 1154977408, [Act I, scene i]:
- There did I ſee that low ſpirited Swaine, [...] hight Coſtard, (Clow[ne]. O mee) ſorted and conſorted contrary to thy eſtabliſhed proclaymed Edict and continent Cannon; Which with, o with, but with this I paſſion to ſay wherewith: / Clo[wne]. With a Wench.
- 1820, John Keats, “(please specify the poem)”, in Lamia, Isabella, the Eve of St. Agnes, and Other Poems, London: […] [Thomas Davison] for Taylor and Hessey, […], OCLC 927360557:
- she passioned
To see herself escap'd from so sore ills
- she passioned
- (transitive) To give a passionate character to.
- John A. Simpson and Edward S. C. Weiner, editors (1989) , “passion”, in The Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition, Oxford: Clarendon Press, →ISBN
- Genitive singular form of passio.
passion f (plural passions)
- “passion” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).
- Alternative form of
passion f (plural passions)
- French: passion
passion f (nominative plural passione)
- passion of Christ
- ðaet Eghwilc messepriost gesinge fore Osuulfes sawle twa messan, twa fore Beornðryðe sawle; and aeghwilc diacon arede twa passione fore his sawle, twa for hire; ― that Every mass-priest recites for Oswulf's soul two masses, two for Beornthryth's soul; and every deacon reads two passions for his soul. (Oswulf's Charters, c805)
- >? Middle English: passioun
- John R. Clark Hall (1916) , “passion”, in A Concise Anglo-Saxon Dictionary, 2nd edition, New York: Macmillan.
- Joseph Bosworth and T. Northcote Toller (1898) , “passion”, in An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary, 2nd edition, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- passion (suffering)
- Middle French: passion
- French: passion
- → Middle English: passioun, pascioun, passion, passione, passioune, passiun, passyon, passyoun, passyun