passion

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See also: Passion

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Middle English passion, borrowed from Old French passion (and in part from Old English passion), from Latin passio (suffering), noun of action from perfect passive participle passus (suffered), from deponent verb patior (I suffer), from Proto-Indo-European *peh₁- (to hurt), see also Old English fēond (devil, enemy), Gothic 𐍆𐌰𐌹𐌰𐌽 (faian, to blame).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: păsh'ən, IPA(key): /ˈpæʃən/
  • (US) IPA(key): [ˈpʰæʃən]
    (file)
  • Rhymes: -æʃən

Noun[edit]

passion (countable and uncountable, plural passions)

  1. Any great, strong, powerful emotion, especially romantic love or extreme hate.
    We share a passion for books.
    • 2011 January 16, Saj Chowdhury, “Sunderland 1 – 1 Newcastle”, in BBC Sport[1], archived from the original on 7 December 2019:
      That was partly because of a swirling wind that made precision passing difficult and also a derby atmosphere where the emphasis seemed to be on passion rather than football.
  2. Fervor, determination.
  3. An object of passionate or romantic love or strong romantic interest.
    It started as a hobby, but now my motorbike collection has become my passion.
  4. Sexual intercourse, especially when very emotional.
    We shared a night of passion.
  5. (Christianity, usually capitalized) The suffering of Jesus leading up to and during his crucifixion.
    • 1543 June 8, Henry VIII of England, “The Nynthe Article. The Holy Catholike Churche.”, in A Necessary Doctrine and Erudicion for Any Chrysten Man, Set furth by the Kynges Maiestye of Englande, &c., imprinted at London:  [] by Thomas Berthelet, [], OCLC 1126428435:
      Moreouer the perfit beleue of this article, worketh in all true chriſten people, aloue to continue in this vnitie, and afeare to be caſte out of the ſame, and it worketh in them that be ſinners and repentant, great comforte, and conſolacion, to obteine remiſſion of ſinne, by vertue of Chriſtes paſſion, and adminiſtracion of his ſacramentes at the miniſters handes, ordained for that purpoſe, [...]
  6. A display, musical composition, or play meant to commemorate the suffering of Jesus.
  7. (obsolete) Suffering or enduring of imposed or inflicted pain; any suffering or distress.
    a cardiac passion
  8. (obsolete) The state of being acted upon; subjection to an external agent or influence; a passive condition
    Antonym: action
    • (Can we date this quote by John Locke and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      A body at rest affords us no idea of any active power to move, and, when set is motion, it is rather a passion than an action in it.
  9. (obsolete) The capacity of being affected by external agents; susceptibility of impressions from external agents.
    • 1627, [Francis Bacon], “IX. Century. [Experiment Solitary Touching Other Passions of Matter, and Characters of Bodies.]”, in Sylua Syluarum: Or A Naturall Historie: In Ten Centuries. [], London: Published after the authors death, by VVilliam Rawley; printed by I[ohn] H[aviland and Augustine Mathewes] for William Lee [], OCLC 1044242069; 3rd edition, London: Published [] by VVilliam Rawley; printed by J[ohn] H[aviland] for William Lee [], 1631, OCLC 1044372886, paragraph 846, page 216:
      The Differences of Impreſsible and Not Impreſsible; Figurable and Not Figurable; Mouldable and Not Mouldable; Sciſsile and Not Sciſsile; And many other Paſsions of Matter, are Plebeian Notions, applied vnto the Inſtruments and Vſes which Men ordinarily practiſe; [...]
  10. (obsolete) An innate attribute, property, or quality of a thing.
    [...] to obtain the knowledge of some passion of the circle.
  11. (obsolete) Disorder of the mind; madness.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Verb[edit]

passion (third-person singular simple present passions, present participle passioning, simple past and past participle passioned)

  1. (obsolete) To suffer pain or sorrow; to experience a passion; to be extremely agitated.
  2. (transitive) To give a passionate character to.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Keats to this entry?)

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpɑsːion/, [ˈpɑs̠ːio̞n]
  • Rhymes: -ɑsːion
  • Syllabification: pas‧si‧on

Noun[edit]

passion

  1. Genitive singular form of passio.

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French passion, from Old French passion, borrowed from Latin passiō, ultimately from patior. Cognate with patience.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

passion f (plural passions)

  1. (countable and uncountable) passion

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French passion, or in part from late Old English passio, passion (Christ's passion), from Latin passio (suffering), noun of action from perfect passive participle passus (suffered), from deponent verb pati (suffer).

Noun[edit]

passion (plural passions)

  1. passion, that which must be endured, suffering, pain; asf
    • Þe uerþe article belongeþ to his passion. — Ayenbite of Inwyt, c1340
    • Hij þat hated þe gloried hem in-myddes of þy passion. — Midland Prose Psalter, c1350
    • The passions of this tyme ben not euene worthi to the glorie to comynge. — Romans 8:18, Wycliffite Bible, c1384
    • He that felyth payne and passion Desyrith sore aftir alleggeaunce. — Life of Our Lady, c1450
    • Þer was ane vsurar þat lay in passions of dead. — Alphabet of Tales, c1450

Descendants[edit]

  • English: passion

Middle French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French passion.

Noun[edit]

passion f (plural passions)

  1. passion

Descendants[edit]


Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin passio (suffering), noun of action from perfect passive participle passus (suffered), from deponent verb pati (suffer).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

passion f (nominative plural passione)

  1. passion of Christ
    • ðaet Eghwilc messepriost gesinge fore Osuulfes sawle twa messan, twa fore Beornðryðe sawle; and aeghwilc diacon arede twa passione fore his sawle, twa for hire;that Every mass-priest recites for Oswulf's soul two masses, two for Beornthryth's soul; and every deacon reads two passions for his soul. (Oswulf's Charters, c805)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin passio, passionem.

Noun[edit]

passion f (oblique plural passions, nominative singular passion, nominative plural passions)

  1. passion (suffering)
    1. (specifically, Christianity) the ordeal endured by Jesus in order to absolve humanity of sin

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]