muka

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See also: múka, mũka, mūka, and mūkā

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Maori.

Noun[edit]

muka (uncountable)

  1. Prepared fibre of harakeke, used in traditional Maori weaving.

Anagrams[edit]


Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *mǫka.

Noun[edit]

muka n pl

  1. (literary) Agony, torment, ordeal.

Usage notes[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Finnish[edit]

(index mu)

Etymology[edit]

Akin to Veps muga.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈmukɑ/, [ˈmukɑ]
  • Hyphenation: mu‧ka
  • Rhymes: -ukɑ

Adverb[edit]

muka

  1. supposedly, allegedly (used to express that what follows is doubtful or untrue)
    Miten voi kalliimpi olla aina muka jotenkin parempi?
    How can more expensive supposedly always be somehow better?
    Oletko sinä muka purjehtinut Atlantin yli?
    Do you claim you have sailed across the Atlantic?

Inflection[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Indonesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit मुख (mukha).

Noun[edit]

muka

  1. face

Lower Sorbian[edit]

muka

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *mǫka; cognate with Upper Sorbian muka, Polish mąka, Czech mouka, Russian мука́ (muká), Old Church Slavonic мѫка (mǫka).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

muka f (diminutive mucka)

  1. flour (powder obtained by grinding or milling cereal grains)

Declension[edit]


Malay[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit मुख (mukha).

Noun[edit]

muka

  1. face

Mwani[edit]

Noun[edit]

muka class 1 (plural waka)

  1. wife

Coordinate terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *mǫka (torture, torment), Cognates include Czech muka

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /mûka/
  • Hyphenation: mu‧ka

Noun[edit]

mȕka f (Cyrillic spelling му̏ка)

  1. pain
  2. torment
  3. nausea
  4. trouble
Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *mǫka (flour), Cognates include Czech mouka

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /mǔːka/
  • Hyphenation: mu‧ka

Noun[edit]

múka f (Cyrillic spelling му́ка)

  1. (regional) flour
Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *mǫka.

Noun[edit]

muka f (genitive singular muky, nominative plural muky, genitive plural múk, declension pattern of žena)

  1. torture
  2. excruciating pain

Usage notes[edit]

  • This word is used almost exclusively in the plural. The singular form is used mostly in poetry.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • muka in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk

Zulu[edit]

Verb[edit]

-múka

  1. (transitive, intransitive) Alternative form of -emuka

Inflection[edit]

Tone H
Infinitive ukumuka
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukumuka ukungamuki
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular muka muke
Plural mukani mukeni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyamuka, ngimuka engimukayo, engimuka ngimuka angimuki engingamuki ngingamuki
2nd singular uyamuka, umuka omukayo, omuka umuka awumuki ongamuki ungamuki
1st plural siyamuka, simuka esimukayo, esimuka simuka asimuki esingamuki singamuki
2nd plural niyamuka, nimuka enimukayo, enimuka nimuka animuki eningamuki ningamuki
Class 1 uyamuka, umuka omukayo, omuka emuka akamuki ongamuki engamuki
Class 2 bayamuka, bamuka abamukayo, abamuka bemuka abamuki abangamuki bengamuki
Class 3 uyamuka, umuka omukayo, omuka umuka awumuki ongamuki ungamuki
Class 4 iyamuka, imuka emukayo, emuka imuka ayimuki engamuki ingamuki
Class 5 liyamuka, limuka elimukayo, elimuka limuka alimuki elingamuki lingamuki
Class 6 ayamuka, amuka amukayo, amuka emuka awamuki angamuki engamuki
Class 7 siyamuka, simuka esimukayo, esimuka simuka asimuki esingamuki singamuki
Class 8 ziyamuka, zimuka ezimukayo, ezimuka zimuka azimuki ezingamuki zingamuki
Class 9 iyamuka, imuka emukayo, emuka imuka ayimuki engamuki ingamuki
Class 10 ziyamuka, zimuka ezimukayo, ezimuka zimuka azimuki ezingamuki zingamuki
Class 11 luyamuka, lumuka olumukayo, olumuka lumuka alumuki olungamuki lungamuki
Class 14 buyamuka, bumuka obumukayo, obumuka bumuka abumuki obungamuki bungamuki
Class 15 kuyamuka, kumuka okumukayo, okumuka kumuka akumuki okungamuki kungamuki
Class 17 kuyamuka, kumuka okumukayo, okumuka kumuka akumuki okungamuki kungamuki
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngimukile, ngimukē engimukile, engimukē ngimukile, ngimukē angimukanga engingamukanga ngingamukanga
2nd singular umukile, umukē omukile, omukē umukile, umukē awumukanga ongamukanga ungamukanga
1st plural simukile, simukē esimukile, esimukē simukile, simukē asimukanga esingamukanga singamukanga
2nd plural nimukile, nimukē enimukile, enimukē nimukile, nimukē animukanga eningamukanga ningamukanga
Class 1 umukile, umukē omukile, omukē emukile, emukē akamukanga ongamukanga engamukanga
Class 2 bamukile, bamukē abamukile, abamukē bemukile, bemukē abamukanga abangamukanga bengamukanga
Class 3 umukile, umukē omukile, omukē umukile, umukē awumukanga ongamukanga ungamukanga
Class 4 imukile, imukē emukile, emukē imukile, imukē ayimukanga engamukanga ingamukanga
Class 5 limukile, limukē elimukile, elimukē limukile, limukē alimukanga elingamukanga lingamukanga
Class 6 amukile, amukē amukile, amukē emukile, emukē awamukanga angamukanga engamukanga
Class 7 simukile, simukē esimukile, esimukē simukile, simukē asimukanga esingamukanga singamukanga
Class 8 zimukile, zimukē ezimukile, ezimukē zimukile, zimukē azimukanga ezingamukanga zingamukanga
Class 9 imukile, imukē emukile, emukē imukile, imukē ayimukanga engamukanga ingamukanga
Class 10 zimukile, zimukē ezimukile, ezimukē zimukile, zimukē azimukanga ezingamukanga zingamukanga
Class 11 lumukile, lumukē olumukile, olumukē lumukile, lumukē alumukanga olungamukanga lungamukanga
Class 14 bumukile, bumukē obumukile, obumukē bumukile, bumukē abumukanga obungamukanga bungamukanga
Class 15 kumukile, kumukē okumukile, okumukē kumukile, kumukē akumukanga okungamukanga kungamukanga
Class 17 kumukile, kumukē okumukile, okumukē kumukile, kumukē akumukanga okungamukanga kungamukanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāmuka engāmuka ngāmuka angimukanga engingamukanga ngingamukanga
2nd singular wāmuka owāmuka wāmuka awumukanga ongamukanga ungamukanga
1st plural sāmuka esāmuka sāmuka asimukanga esingamukanga singamukanga
2nd plural nāmuka enāmuka nāmuka animukanga eningamukanga ningamukanga
Class 1 wāmuka owāmuka āmuka akamukanga ongamukanga engamukanga
Class 2 bāmuka abāmuka bāmuka abamukanga abangamukanga bengamukanga
Class 3 wāmuka owāmuka wāmuka awumukanga ongamukanga ungamukanga
Class 4 yāmuka eyāmuka yāmuka ayimukanga engamukanga ingamukanga
Class 5 lāmuka elāmuka lāmuka alimukanga elingamukanga lingamukanga
Class 6 āmuka āmuka āmuka awamukanga angamukanga engamukanga
Class 7 sāmuka esāmuka sāmuka asimukanga esingamukanga singamukanga
Class 8 zāmuka ezāmuka zāmuka azimukanga ezingamukanga zingamukanga
Class 9 yāmuka eyāmuka yāmuka ayimukanga engamukanga ingamukanga
Class 10 zāmuka ezāmuka zāmuka azimukanga ezingamukanga zingamukanga
Class 11 lwāmuka olwāmuka lwāmuka alumukanga olungamukanga lungamukanga
Class 14 bāmuka obāmuka bāmuka abumukanga obungamukanga bungamukanga
Class 15 kwāmuka okwāmuka kwāmuka akumukanga okungamukanga kungamukanga
Class 17 kwāmuka okwāmuka kwāmuka akumukanga okungamukanga kungamukanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingamuka ngingamuka ngingemuke ngingemuke
2nd singular ungamuka ungamuka ungemuke ungemuke
1st plural singamuka singamuka singemuke singemuke
2nd plural ningamuka ningamuka ningemuke ningemuke
Class 1 angamuka engamuka angemuke engemuke
Class 2 bangamuka bengamuka bangemuke bengemuke
Class 3 ungamuka ungamuka ungemuke ungemuke
Class 4 ingamuka ingamuka ingemuke ingemuke
Class 5 lingamuka lingamuka lingemuke lingemuke
Class 6 angamuka engamuka angemuke engemuke
Class 7 singamuka singamuka singemuke singemuke
Class 8 zingamuka zingamuka zingemuke zingemuke
Class 9 ingamuka ingamuka ingemuke ingemuke
Class 10 zingamuka zingamuka zingemuke zingemuke
Class 11 lungamuka lungamuka lungemuke lungemuke
Class 14 bungamuka bungamuka bungemuke bungemuke
Class 15 kungamuka kungamuka kungemuke kungemuke
Class 17 kungamuka kungamuka kungemuke kungemuke
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizomuka engizomuka ngizomuka angizumuka ngingezumuka
2nd singular uzomuka ozomuka uzomuka awuzumuka ungezumuka
1st plural sizomuka esizomuka sizomuka asizumuka singezumuka
2nd plural nizomuka enizomuka nizomuka anizumuka ningezumuka
Class 1 uzomuka ozomuka ezomuka akazumuka engezumuka
Class 2 bazomuka abazomuka bezomuka abazumuka bengezumuka
Class 3 uzomuka ozomuka uzomuka awuzumuka ungezumuka
Class 4 izomuka ezomuka izomuka ayizumuka ingezumuka
Class 5 lizomuka elizomuka lizomuka alizumuka lingezumuka
Class 6 azomuka azomuka ezomuka awazumuka engezumuka
Class 7 sizomuka esizomuka sizomuka asizumuka singezumuka
Class 8 zizomuka ezizomuka zizomuka azizumuka zingezumuka
Class 9 izomuka ezomuka izomuka ayizumuka ingezumuka
Class 10 zizomuka ezizomuka zizomuka azizumuka zingezumuka
Class 11 luzomuka oluzomuka luzomuka aluzumuka lungezumuka
Class 14 buzomuka obuzomuka buzomuka abuzumuka bungezumuka
Class 15 kuzomuka okuzomuka kuzomuka akuzumuka kungezumuka
Class 17 kuzomuka okuzomuka kuzomuka akuzumuka kungezumuka
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyomuka engiyomuka ngiyomuka angiyumuka ngingeyumuka
2nd singular uyomuka oyomuka uyomuka awuyumuka ungeyumuka
1st plural siyomuka esiyomuka siyomuka asiyumuka singeyumuka
2nd plural niyomuka eniyomuka niyomuka aniyumuka ningeyumuka
Class 1 uyomuka oyomuka eyomuka akayumuka engeyumuka
Class 2 bayomuka abayomuka beyomuka abayumuka bengeyumuka
Class 3 uyomuka oyomuka uyomuka awuyumuka ungeyumuka
Class 4 iyomuka eyomuka iyomuka ayiyumuka ingeyumuka
Class 5 liyomuka eliyomuka liyomuka aliyumuka lingeyumuka
Class 6 ayomuka ayomuka eyomuka awayumuka engeyumuka
Class 7 siyomuka esiyomuka siyomuka asiyumuka singeyumuka
Class 8 ziyomuka eziyomuka ziyomuka aziyumuka zingeyumuka
Class 9 iyomuka eyomuka iyomuka ayiyumuka ingeyumuka
Class 10 ziyomuka eziyomuka ziyomuka aziyumuka zingeyumuka
Class 11 luyomuka oluyomuka luyomuka aluyumuka lungeyumuka
Class 14 buyomuka obuyomuka buyomuka abuyumuka bungeyumuka
Class 15 kuyomuka okuyomuka kuyomuka akuyumuka kungeyumuka
Class 17 kuyomuka okuyomuka kuyomuka akuyumuka kungeyumuka
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngimuke ngingamuki
2nd singular umuke ungamuki
1st plural simuke singamuki
2nd plural nimuke ningamuki
Class 1 amuke angamuki
Class 2 bamuke bangamuki
Class 3 umuke ungamuki
Class 4 imuke ingamuki
Class 5 limuke lingamuki
Class 6 amuke angamuki
Class 7 simuke singamuki
Class 8 zimuke zingamuki
Class 9 imuke ingamuki
Class 10 zimuke zingamuki
Class 11 lumuke lungamuki
Class 14 bumuke bungamuki
Class 15 kumuke kungamuki
Class 17 kumuke kungamuki
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngamuka ngangamuka, angamuka, angangamuka
2nd singular wamuka wangamuka, awamuka, awangamuka
1st plural samuka sangamuka, asamuka, asangamuka
2nd plural namuka nangamuka, anamuka, anangamuka
Class 1 wamuka wangamuka, akamuka, akangamuka
Class 2 bamuka bangamuka, abamuka, abangamuka
Class 3 wamuka wangamuka, awamuka, awangamuka
Class 4 yamuka yangamuka, ayamuka, ayangamuka
Class 5 lamuka langamuka, alamuka, alangamuka
Class 6 amuka angamuka, awamuka, awangamuka
Class 7 samuka sangamuka, asamuka, asangamuka
Class 8 zamuka zangamuka, azamuka, azangamuka
Class 9 yamuka yangamuka, ayamuka, ayangamuka
Class 10 zamuka zangamuka, azamuka, azangamuka
Class 11 lwamuka lwangamuka, alwamuka, alwangamuka
Class 14 bamuka bangamuka, abamuka, abangamuka
Class 15 kwamuka kwangamuka, akwamuka, akwangamuka
Class 17 kwamuka kwangamuka, akwamuka, akwangamuka

References[edit]