agony

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

14th century, via Old French [Term?] and Latin [Term?]; from Ancient Greek ἀγωνία (agōnía, emulation, competition, struggle), from ἀγών (agṓn, contest). Specifically of the struggle that precedes death (mortal agony) from the 1540s.

The sense of "extreme pain" from c. 1600.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈæ.ɡə.niː/

Noun[edit]

agony (countable and uncountable, plural agonies)

  1. Extreme pain.
  2. (biblical) The sufferings of Jesus Christ in the garden of Gethsemane.
  3. Violent contest or striving.
    • 1849, Thomas Macaulay, The History of England from the Accession of James II, Chapter 10
      The world is convulsed by the agonies of great nations.
  4. Paroxysm of joy; keen emotion.
  5. The last struggle of life; death struggle.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Anagrams[edit]