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From French paroxysme, from Medieval Latin paroxysmus, from Ancient Greek παροξυσμός ‎(paroxusmós, irritation, the severe fit of a disease), from παροξύνειν ‎(paroxúnein, to sharpen, irritate), from παρά ‎(pará, beside) + ὀξύνειν ‎(oxúnein, sharpen), from ὀξύς ‎(oxús, sharp).


  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈpæɹ.əkˌsɪz.əm/


paroxysm ‎(plural paroxysms)

  1. A random or sudden outburst (of activity).
    • 1903, Jack London, The Call of the Wild
      Unable to turn his back on the fanged danger and go on, the bull would be driven into paroxysms of rage.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 23, The Mirror and the Lamp:
      The slightest effort made the patient cough. He would stand leaning on a stick and holding a hand to his side, and when the paroxysm had passed it left him shaking.
    • 1955, Vladimir Nabokov, Lolita
      «There, on the soft sand, a few feet away from our elders, we would sprawl all morning, in a petrified paroxysm of desire, and take advantage of every blessed quirk in space and time to touch each other [] »
    • 1983, John Fowles, Mantissa
      Indeed in his excitement at this breakthrough he inadvertently dug his nails into the nurse's bottom, a gesture she misinterpreted, so that he had to suffer a paroxysm of breasts and loins in response.
  2. An explosive event during a volcanic eruption.
  3. A sudden recurrence of a disease, such as a seizure or a coughing fit.


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