sudden

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English sodeyn, sodain, from Anglo-Norman sodein, from Old French sodain, subdain (immediate, sudden), from Vulgar Latin *subitānus (sudden), from Latin subitāneus (sudden), from subitus (sudden", literally, "that which has come stealthily), originally the past participle of subīre (to come or go stealthily), from sub (under) + īre (go).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈsʌdn̩/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ʌdən
  • Hyphenation: sud‧den

Adjective[edit]

sudden (comparative more sudden, superlative most sudden)

  1. Happening quickly and with little or no warning.
    • 1552, The Boke of Common Prayer [etc.][1], The Letanie:
      From lightninges and tempeſtes, from plage, peſtilence, and famine, from battayle and murther, and from ſodayn death. / Good lord deliver us.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 1, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      I stumbled along through the young pines and huckleberry bushes. Pretty soon I struck into a sort of path that, I cal'lated, might lead to the road I was hunting for. It twisted and turned, and, the first thing I knew, made a sudden bend around a bunch of bayberry scrub and opened out into a big clear space like a lawn.
    The sudden drop in temperature left everyone cold and confused.
  2. (obsolete) Hastily prepared or employed; quick; rapid.
    • (Can we date this quote?)Lua error in Module:utilities at line 136: Language code has not been specified. Please pass parameter 1 to the template. William Shakespeare
      Never was such a sudden scholar made.
    • (Can we date this quote?)Lua error in Module:utilities at line 136: Language code has not been specified. Please pass parameter 1 to the template. John Milton
      the apples of Asphaltis, appearing goodly to the sudden eye
  3. (obsolete) Hasty; violent; rash; precipitate.
    • (Can we date this quote?)Lua error in Module:utilities at line 136: Language code has not been specified. Please pass parameter 1 to the template. William Shakespeare
      I have no joy of this contract to-night: It is too rash, too unadvised, too sudden

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Adverb[edit]

sudden (comparative more sudden, superlative most sudden)

  1. (poetic) Suddenly.
    • Milton
      Herbs of every leaf that sudden flowered.

Noun[edit]

sudden (plural suddens)

  1. (obsolete) An unexpected occurrence; a surprise.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]