gradual

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Medieval Latin gradualis, from Latin gradus (step), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰradʰ-, *gʰredʰ- (to walk, go). Cognate with Gothic 𐌲𐍂𐌹𐌸𐍃 (griþs, step, grade), Bavarian Gritt (step, stride).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡɹædʒuəl/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: grad‧u‧al

Adjective[edit]

gradual (comparative more gradual, superlative most gradual)

  1. Proceeding or advancing by small, slow, regular steps or degrees
    a gradual increase of knowledge; a gradual decline
    • 1667, John Milton, “Book IX”, in Paradise Lost. A Poem Written in Ten Books, London: Printed [by Samuel Simmons], and are to be sold by Peter Parker [] [a]nd by Robert Boulter [] [a]nd Matthias Walker, [], OCLC 228722708; republished as Paradise Lost in Ten Books: The Text Exactly Reproduced from the First Edition of 1667: [], London: Basil Montagu Pickering [], 1873, OCLC 230729554:
      Creatures animate with gradual life / Of growth, sense, reason, all summed up in man.

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Noun[edit]

gradual (plural graduals)

  1. (Roman Catholic Church) An antiphon or responsory after the epistle, in the Mass, which was sung on the steps, or while the deacon ascended the steps.
  2. (Roman Catholic Church) A service book containing the musical portions of the Mass.

Translations[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Adjective[edit]

gradual (masculine and feminine plural graduals)

  1. gradual

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Portuguese[edit]

Adjective[edit]

gradual m, f (plural graduais, comparable)

  1. Prodecing by steps or small grades; gradual.

Inflection[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Adjective[edit]

gradual (plural graduales)

  1. gradual

Noun[edit]

gradual m (plural graduales)

  1. (Roman Catholic Church) gradual