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See also: Gradus and grádus


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From Gradus ad Parnassum (Latin, literally, a step to Parnassus), a 17th century prosody dictionary long used in British schools.



gradus (plural graduses)

  1. A handbook used as an aid in a difficult art or practice, specifically, a dictionary of Greek or Latin prosody used as a guide in writing of poetry in Greek or Latin.




From Proto-Indo-European *gʰredʰ- (to walk, go), cognate with Proto-Slavic *gręsti (Old Church Slavonic грѧсти (gręsti)), Lithuanian gridyti, Proto-Germanic *grid (Gothic 𐌲𐍂𐌹𐌳𐍃 (grids)), Old High German crit).



gradus m (genitive gradūs); fourth declension

  1. a step, pace
  2. a stage, degree
  3. a rank
  4. (by extension) a position, station, ground
  5. firm position, stand
  6. a step, stair, round of a ladder
  7. a braid of hair
  8. (mathematics) degree


Fourth declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative gradus gradūs
genitive gradūs
dative graduī gradibus
accusative gradum gradūs
ablative gradū gradibus
vocative gradus gradūs

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]



  • gradus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • gradus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • gradus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • gradus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to take a step: gradum facere
    • to increase one's pace: gradum addere (sc. gradui) (Liv. 26. 9)
    • on tiptoe: suspenso gradu
    • to retreat step by step: gradum sensim referre
    • to disconcert a person: animum alicuius de statu, de gradu demovere (more strongly depellere, deturbare)
    • to lose one's composure; to be disconcerted: de gradu deici, ut dicitur
    • to occupy a very high position in the state: in altissimo dignitatis gradu collocatum, locatum, positum esse
    • to depose, bring down a person from his elevated position: aliquem ex altissimo dignitatis gradu praecipitare (Dom. 37. 98)
    • to overthrow a person (cf. sect. IX. 6): aliquem de dignitatis gradu demovere
    • to overthrow a person (cf. sect. IX. 6): aliquem gradu movere, depellere or de gradu (statu) deicere
    • to attain a position of dignity: dignitatis gradum ascendere
    • to reach the highest grade of office: amplissimos honorum gradus assequi, adipisci
    • to advance rapidly: citato gradu incedere (cf. sect. II. 5)
    • to halt: gradum sistere
    • to march on the enemy: gradum inferre in hostem
  • gradus in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • gradus in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin