Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: grad, grád, and gråd


Alternative forms[edit]


From Russian Град (Grad, codename for a type of multiple rocket launcher), from Russian град (grad, hail).


  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈɡɹɑd/, /ˈɡɹæd/


Grad (plural Grads)

  1. A type of Soviet artillery multiple rocket launcher, or a rocket fired by this.
    • 1989: Jane’s Defence Weekly, v 12, Coulsdon, UK: Jane’s, p 1050:
      It supplements the 220 mm BM-22 Uragan (‘Hurricane’) and 122 mm BM-21 Grad (‘Hail’) MRLs, already in service.
    • 1998: Field Artillery, Field Artillery Association (U.S.), p 7:
      The MRL systems Smerch, Uragan, and Grad are designed to destroy concentrations of personnel and various vehicles at distances up to 70 kilometers.
    • 2001: Olga Oliker, Russia’s Chechen Wars 1994–2000: Lessons from Urban Combat, Santa Monica, California: Rand, p 29:
      The Russians fought back with Grad rocket-launcher salvos and mortar attacks (they also made some use of armor).
    • 2009: Rockets from Gaza: Harm to Civilians from Palestinian Armed Groups’ Rocket Attacks, New York: Human Rights Watch, p 22:
      “[w]e saw Hamas come and put up rocket launchers and fire. We could tell they were Grads by the sound, which is louder and deeper than that of Qassams.”






Grad m (genitive Grads or Grades, plural Grade or Grad)

  1. degree

Usage notes[edit]

  • When used as a measuring unit (e.g. for temperature), the word always has the unchanged plural Grad: zwei Grad wärmer – "two degrees warmer"; einige Grad kühler – "some degrees cooler".
  • When not used as a measuring unit, the plural form is Grade: Die soziale Ungleichheit hat bisher ungekannte Grade erreicht. – "Social inequality has reached degrees previously unknown." This usage is less common than in English.


Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Grad in Duden online