gard

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See also: Gard, gärd, Gärd, gård, and gárð

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Old English gard, northern variant of ġeard (whence yard).

Noun[edit]

gard (plural gards)

  1. (obsolete) A garden.

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

gard (plural gards)

  1. Obsolete spelling of guard

Verb[edit]

gard (third-person singular simple present gards, present participle garding, simple past and past participle garded)

  1. Obsolete spelling of guard

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Gothic[edit]

Romanization[edit]

gard

  1. Romanization of 𐌲𐌰𐍂𐌳

Kashubian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *gȏrdъ, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *gárdas, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰórdʰ-os, from *gʰerdʰ-.

Noun[edit]

gard m ?

  1. Obsolete form of gród.

Further reading[edit]

  • Eùgeniusz Gòłąbk (2011), “gród”, in Słownik Polsko-Kaszubski / Słowôrz Pòlskò-Kaszëbsczi

Kholosi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Persianگرد(gard).

Noun[edit]

gard ?

  1. dust

References[edit]

  • Eric Anonby; Hassan Mohebi Bahmani (2014), “Shipwrecked and Landlocked: Kholosi, an Indo-Aryan Language in South-west Iran”, in Cahier de Studia Iranica xx[1], pages 13-36

Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Old French guarde.

Noun[edit]

gard

  1. Alternative form of garde

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Old Norse garðr.

Noun[edit]

gard

  1. Alternative form of garth

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse garðr, from Proto-Germanic *gardaz, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰórdʰos, from the root *gʰerdʰ- (to enclose).

Noun[edit]

gard m (definite singular garden, indefinite plural garder, definite plural gardene)

  1. alternative form of gård

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse garðr, from Proto-Germanic *gardaz, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰórdʰos, from the root *gʰerdʰ- (to enclose). Akin to English yard.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gard m (definite singular garden, indefinite plural gardar, definite plural gardane)

  1. farm
  2. townhouse (often in the compound bygard)
  3. fence (often in the compounds skigard or steingard)
  4. courtyard

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

Old Saxon[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *gard, from Proto-Germanic *gardaz, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰórdʰos, from the root *gʰerdʰ- (to enclose).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gard m

  1. an enclosed place
  2. yard, garden
  3. court
  4. region, land
  5. dwelling

Declension[edit]


Descendants[edit]

  • Middle Low German: gart

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *gʰerdʰ- (to enclose, to encircle); possibly a substrate word from a Dacian *garda, akin to Albanian gardh (or borrowed from it), or more likely an early borrowing from Proto-Slavic *gȏrdъ, perhaps predating the metathesis occurring in Slavic languages (however this is uncertain as other related terms such as grădină, ogradă, îngrădi had already undergone it when borrowed from Slavic). Other suggested possibilities include a link to Proto-Germanic *gardaz. [1]

Other Indo-European cognates include Latin hortus, English garden, yard, gird, Sanskrit गृह (gṛha, house, home), Old Church Slavonic градъ (gradŭ), Gothic 𐌲𐌰𐍂𐌳𐍃 (gards), German Garten, Danish gård, Swedish gård and Norwegian gård or gard; garde, gjerde.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gard n (plural garduri)

  1. fence

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ gard in DEX online—Dicționare ale limbii române (Dictionaries of the Romanian language)

Volapük[edit]

Noun[edit]

gard (nominative plural gards)

  1. guard

Declension[edit]