गृह

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit गृह (gṛhá), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *gʰr̥dʰás, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰr̥dʰós, from *gʰerdʰ- (to enclose).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

गृह (gŕhm (Urdu spelling گرہ)

  1. house, dwelling, habitation
    Synonyms: घर (ghar), मकान (makān), भवन (bhavan)

Declension[edit]

Declension of गृह
Singular Plural
Direct गृह (gŕh) गृह (gŕh)
Oblique गृह (gŕh) गृहों (gŕhõ)
Vocative गृह (gŕh) गृहो (gŕho)

References[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *gʰr̥dʰás, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *gʰr̥dʰás, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰr̥dʰós, from *gʰerdʰ- (to enclose). The change from to h is irregular, and possibly due to later generalization, suggesting an earlier Rigvedic gṛdhá.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

गृह (gṛhám, n (Vedic gṛdhá)

  1. a house, habitation, home
    मृन्-मय गृहmṛn-máya gṛháhouse of earth, grave
    अधराद् गृहadharā́d gṛháthe lower world
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 1.49.1d
      उषो भद्रेभिरा गहि दिवश्चिद रोचनादधि ।
      वहन्त्वरुणप्सव उप तवा सोमिनो गर्हम
      uṣo bhadrebhirā gahi divaścida rocanādadhi .
      vahantvaruṇapsava upa tavā somino garhama .
      E'EN from above the sky's bright realm come, Uṣas, by auspicious ways:
      Let red steeds bear thee to the house of him who pours the Soma, juice.
  2. assistant, servant
  3. the inhabitants of a house, family
    1. wife; householder
  4. (at the end of a compound, with names of gods) a temple
    चण्डिकागृहcaṇḍikāgṛhaa temple of Durgā
    देवतागृहdevatāgṛhatemple, chapel
  5. (at the end of a compound, with name of plants) a bower

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of गृह (gṛhá)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative गृहः
gṛháḥ
गृहौ
gṛhaú
गृहाः / गृहासः¹
gṛhā́ḥ / gṛhā́saḥ¹
Vocative गृह
gṛ́ha
गृहौ
gṛ́hau
गृहाः / गृहासः¹
gṛ́hāḥ / gṛ́hāsaḥ¹
Accusative गृहम्
gṛhám
गृहौ
gṛhaú
गृहान्
gṛhā́n
Instrumental गृहेण
gṛhéṇa
गृहाभ्याम्
gṛhā́bhyām
गृहैः / गृहेभिः¹
gṛhaíḥ / gṛhébhiḥ¹
Dative गृहाय
gṛhā́ya
गृहाभ्याम्
gṛhā́bhyām
गृहेभ्यः
gṛhébhyaḥ
Ablative गृहात्
gṛhā́t
गृहाभ्याम्
gṛhā́bhyām
गृहेभ्यः
gṛhébhyaḥ
Genitive गृहस्य
gṛhásya
गृहयोः
gṛháyoḥ
गृहाणाम्
gṛhā́ṇām
Locative गृहे
gṛhé
गृहयोः
gṛháyoḥ
गृहेषु
gṛhéṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic
  • In later Sanskrit only the plural forms of the masculine were used.
Neuter a-stem declension of गृह (gṛhá)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative गृहम्
gṛhám
गृहे
gṛhé
गृहाणि / गृहा¹
gṛhā́ṇi / gṛhā́¹
Vocative गृह
gṛ́ha
गृहे
gṛ́he
गृहाणि / गृहा¹
gṛ́hāṇi / gṛ́hā¹
Accusative गृहम्
gṛhám
गृहे
gṛhé
गृहाणि / गृहा¹
gṛhā́ṇi / gṛhā́¹
Instrumental गृहेण
gṛhéṇa
गृहाभ्याम्
gṛhā́bhyām
गृहैः / गृहेभिः¹
gṛhaíḥ / gṛhébhiḥ¹
Dative गृहाय
gṛhā́ya
गृहाभ्याम्
gṛhā́bhyām
गृहेभ्यः
gṛhébhyaḥ
Ablative गृहात्
gṛhā́t
गृहाभ्याम्
gṛhā́bhyām
गृहेभ्यः
gṛhébhyaḥ
Genitive गृहस्य
gṛhásya
गृहयोः
gṛháyoḥ
गृहाणाम्
gṛhā́ṇām
Locative गृहे
gṛhé
गृहयोः
gṛháyoḥ
गृहेषु
gṛhéṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic
  • Used only in the sense "house".

Noun[edit]

गृह (gṛhán

  1. wife
  2. zodiac sign
  3. an astrological mansion
  4. name of the 4th astrological mansion
  5. (chess) square

Declension[edit]

Neuter a-stem declension of गृह (gṛhá)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative गृहम्
gṛhám
गृहे
gṛhé
गृहाणि / गृहा¹
gṛhā́ṇi / gṛhā́¹
Vocative गृह
gṛ́ha
गृहे
gṛ́he
गृहाणि / गृहा¹
gṛ́hāṇi / gṛ́hā¹
Accusative गृहम्
gṛhám
गृहे
gṛhé
गृहाणि / गृहा¹
gṛhā́ṇi / gṛhā́¹
Instrumental गृहेण
gṛhéṇa
गृहाभ्याम्
gṛhā́bhyām
गृहैः / गृहेभिः¹
gṛhaíḥ / gṛhébhiḥ¹
Dative गृहाय
gṛhā́ya
गृहाभ्याम्
gṛhā́bhyām
गृहेभ्यः
gṛhébhyaḥ
Ablative गृहात्
gṛhā́t
गृहाभ्याम्
gṛhā́bhyām
गृहेभ्यः
gṛhébhyaḥ
Genitive गृहस्य
gṛhásya
गृहयोः
gṛháyoḥ
गृहाणाम्
gṛhā́ṇām
Locative गृहे
gṛhé
गृहयोः
gṛháyoḥ
गृहेषु
gṛhéṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]