घर

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See also: घार, घेर, and घोर

Dogri[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From a metathesized form of Sanskrit गृह (gṛha), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *gʰr̥dʰás, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰr̥dʰós.

Noun[edit]

घर (gharm (Dogra 𑠍𑠤)

  1. house; home

Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Sauraseni Prakrit 𑀖𑀭 (ghara), from a metathesized form of Sanskrit गृह (gṛhá). Doublet of गृह (gŕh). Cognate with English yard, German Garten, French jardin, and Russian го́род (górod).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /ɡʱəɾ/, [ɡʱɐɾ]
  • Rhymes: -ər

Noun[edit]

घर (gharm (Urdu spellingگھر⁩)

  1. house, home; dwelling
    Synonyms: गृह (gŕh), मकान (makān), भवन (bhavan)
  2. den
  3. nest

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • McGregor, Ronald Stuart (1993), “घर”, in The Oxford Hindi-English Dictionary, London: Oxford University Press
  • Platts, John T. (1884), “घर”, in A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English, London: W. H. Allen & Co.
  • Bahri, Hardev (1989), “घर”, in Siksarthi Hindi-Angrejhi Sabdakosa [Learners' Hindi-English Dictionary], Delhi: Rajpal & Sons.
  • Dāsa, Śyāmasundara (1965–1975), “घर”, in Hindī Śabdasāgara [lit. Sea of Hindi words] (in Hindi), Kashi [Varanasi]: Nagari Pracarini Sabha
  • S. W. Fallon (1879), “घर”, in A New Hindustani-English Dictionary, Banaras, London: Trubner and Co.
  • घर”, in ریخْتَہ لُغَت(rexta luġat) - Rekhta Dictionary [Urdu dictionary with meanings in Hindi & English] (in English), Noida, India: Rekhta Foundation, 2024.
  • Turner, Ralph Lilley (1969–1985), “ghara-”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press

Konkani[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Sanskrit गृह (gṛha).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

घर (gharn (Latin script ghor, Kannada script ಘರ್)

  1. house

Marathi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From a metathesized form of Sanskrit गृह (gṛha), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *gʰr̥dʰás, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰr̥dʰós. Cognate with Gujarati ઘર (ghar), Hindi घर (ghar), Nepali घर (ghar).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

घर (gharn

  1. home, house

Declension[edit]

Declension of घर (neut cons-stem)
direct
singular
घर
ghar
direct
plural
घरे, घरं
ghare, ghara
singular
एकवचन
plural
अनेकवचन
nominative
प्रथमा
घर
ghar
घरे, घरं
ghare, ghara
oblique
सामान्यरूप
घरा
gharā
घरां-
gharān-
acc. / dative
द्वितीया / चतुर्थी
घराला
gharālā
घरांना
gharānnā
ergative घराने, घरानं
gharāne, gharāna
घरांनी
gharānnī
instrumental घराशी
gharāśī
घरांशी
gharānśī
locative
सप्तमी
घरात
gharāt
घरांत
gharāt
vocative
संबोधन
घरा
gharā
घरांनो
gharānno
Oblique Note: The oblique case precedes all postpositions.
There is no space between the stem and the postposition.
Locative Note: -त (-ta) is a postposition.
Genitive declension of घर (neut cons-stem)
masculine object
पुल्लिंगी कर्म
feminine object
स्त्रीलिंगी कर्म
neuter object
नपुसकलिंगी कर्म
oblique
सामान्यरूप
singular
एकवचन
plural
अनेकवचन
singular
एकवचन
plural
अनेकवचन
singular*
एकवचन
plural
अनेकवचन
singular subject
एकवचनी कर्ता
घराचा
gharāċā
घराचे
gharāċe
घराची
gharācī
घराच्या
gharācā
घराचे, घराचं
gharāċe, gharāċa
घराची
gharācī
घराच्या
gharācā
plural subject
अनेकवचनी कर्ता
घरांचा
gharānċā
घरांचे
gharānċe
घरांची
gharāñcī
घरांच्या
gharāncā
घरांचे, घरांचं
gharānċe, gharānċa
घरांची
gharāñcī
घरांच्या
gharāñcā
* Note: Word-final (e) in neuter words is alternatively written with the anusvara and pronounced as (a).
Oblique Note: For most postpostions, the oblique genitive can be optionally inserted between the stem and the postposition.

References[edit]

  • Berntsen, Maxine, “घर”, in A Basic Marathi-English Dictionary, New Delhi: American Institute of Indian Studies, 1982-1983.
  • Molesworth, James Thomas (1857), “घर”, in A dictionary, Marathi and English, Bombay: Printed for government at the Bombay Education Society's Press
  • Shridhar Ganesh Vaze (1911), “घर”, in The Aryabhusan School Dictionary, Poona: Arya-Bhushan Press

Nepali[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From a metathesized form of Sanskrit गृह (gṛha), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *gʰr̥dʰás, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰr̥dʰós.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

घर (ghar)

  1. house, home
  2. building
  3. family
  4. women's marital home
  5. marriage

Declension[edit]

Declension of घर
Singular Plural
nominative घर [ɡʱʌr] घरहरू [ɡʱʌrɦʌɾu]
accusative घरलाई [ɡʱʌrläi] घरहरूलाई [ɡʱʌrɦʌɾuläi]
instrumental/ergative घरले [ɡʱʌrle] घरहरूले [ɡʱʌrɦʌɾule]
dative घरलाई [ɡʱʌrläi] घरहरूलाई [ɡʱʌrɦʌɾuläi]
ablative घरबाट [ɡʱʌrbäʈʌ] घरहरूबाट [ɡʱʌrɦʌɾubäʈʌ]
genitive घरको [ɡʱʌrko] घरहरूको [ɡʱʌrɦʌɾuko]
locative घरमा [ɡʱʌrmä] घरहरूमा [ɡʱʌrɦʌɾumä]
Notes:
  • -को (-ko) becomes:
    • -का (-kā) when followed by a plural noun.
    • -की (-kī) when followed by a feminine noun.

Further reading[edit]

  • घर”, in नेपाली बृहत् शब्दकोश (nepālī br̥hat śabdakoś) [Comprehensive Nepali Dictionary], Kathmandu: Nepal Academy, 2018
  • Schmidt, Ruth L. (1993), “घर”, in A Practical Dictionary of Modern Nepali, Ratna Sagar

Old Gujarati[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From a metathesized form of Sanskrit गृह (gṛha), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *gʰr̥dʰás, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰr̥dʰós.

Noun[edit]

घर (gharam

  1. house, palace

Descendants[edit]

  • Gujarati: ઘર (ghar)
  • Marwari: घर (ghar)

Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

घर n

  1. Devanagari script form of ghara (house)

Declension[edit]