Wiktionary:Marathi transliteration

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Marathi is transliterated using a modified IAST system on Wiktionary, that takes into account schwa-dropping in spoken Marathi. Module:mr-translit automatically implements the system on this page.

Vowels[edit]

आ ा इ ि ई ी उ ु ऊ ू
a
/ə/
ā
/a/
i
/i/
ī
/iː/
u
/u/
ū
/uː/
ए े ऐ ै ओ ो औ ौ ऋ ृ ॲ ऍ ॅ
ऑ ॉ
e
/e/
ai
/əi/
o
/o/
au
/əu/
ŕ
/ɾu/
ĕ, ŏ
/æ/, /ɔ/

Consonants[edit]

k
/k/
kh
/kʰ/
g
/ɡ/
gh
/ɡʱ/

/ŋ/
c, ċ
/t͡ɕ/, /t͡s/
ch
/t͡ɕʰ/
j, j̈
/d͡ʑ/, /d͡z/
jh, j̈h
/d͡ʑʱ/, /d͡zʱ/
ñ
/ɲ/

/ʈ/
ṭh
/ʈʰ/

/ɖ/
ḍh
/ɖʱ/

/ɳ/
t
/t̪/
th
/t̪ʰ/
d
/d̪/
dh
/d̪ʱ/
n
/n/
p
/p/
ph
/pʰ/
b
/b/
bh
/bʱ/
m
/m/
y
/j/
r
/ɾ/
l
/l/
v
/ʋ/
ś
/ɕ/

/ʂ/
s
/s/
h
/ɦ/

/ɭ/

Anusvara[edit]

The nasal diacritic () (अनुस्वार, anusvar) is "transliterated" according to its context in a word. Basically, the consonant (or lack thereof) immediately following the nasal vowel determines exactly how the transliteration will occur.

If a consonant follows the nasalised vowel, the transliteration of the consonant's corresponding nasal consonant follows.
Gutturals (क, ख, ग, घ, ह) will use ṅ (for )
Dentals (त, थ, द, ध, ल, स) will use n (for )
Labials (प, फ, ब, भ, व) will use m (for ), etc.

Other[edit]

The conjunct ज्ञ, which is a combination of and , while pronounced and transliterated jñ in Sanskrit is transliterated "dnya" for Marathi.

Visarga symbol is transliterated as "ḥ", e.g. स्वतः (svataḥ).