See Wiktionary:Families for a guide to language families within Wiktionary
English [ edit ]
Etymology [ edit ]
From Early Modern English
(not in Middle English), from familie Latin familia ( “ the servants in a household, domestics collectively ” ), from famulus ( “ servant ” ) or famula ( “ female servant ” ), from Old Latin , of obscure origin. Perhaps derived from or cognate to famul Oscan famel ( “ servant ” ).
Pronunciation [ edit ]
family ( , countable and uncountable plural ) families
( countable ) A group of people who are closely related to one another (by blood, marriage or adoption); kin; for example, a set of parents and their children; an immediate family.
Our family lives in town.
1893, Walter Besant, , The Ivory Gate Prologue:
scandal as the prosecution of a brother for forgery—with a verdict of guilty—is a most truly horrible, deplorable, fatal thing. It takes the respectability out of a family perhaps at a critical moment, when the family is just assuming the robes of respectability: [… ] it is a black spot which all the soaps ever advertised could never wash off.
2013 June 1, “Towards the end of poverty”, in The Economist , volume 407, number 8838, page 11: 
America’s poverty line is $63 a day for a family of four. In the richer parts of the emerging world $4 a day is the poverty barrier. But poverty’s scourge is fiercest below $1.25 ([…]): people below that level live lives that are poor, nasty, brutish and short.
( countable ) An extended family; a group of people who are related to one another by blood or marriage.
1915, William T. Groves, A History and Genealogy of the Groves Family in America
( countable ) A (close-knit) group of people related by blood, friendship, marriage, law, or custom, especially if they live or work together.
crime family , Mafia family
This is my fraternity family at the university.
Our company is one big happy family.
( countable , taxonomy ) A rank in the classification of organisms, below order and above genus; a taxon at that rank.
Magnolias belong to the family Magnoliaceae.
1992, Rudolf M. Schuster, The Hepaticae and Anthocerotae of North America: East of the Hundredth Meridian, volume V, page 4
The closest affinities of the Jubulaceae are with the Lejeuneaceae. The two
families share in common: a elaters usually 1-spiral, trumpet-shaped and fixed to the capsule valves, distally [… ].
( countable ) Any group or aggregation of things classed together as kindred or related from possessing in common characteristics which distinguish them from other things of the same order.
Doliracetam is a drug from the racetam family.
2010, Gary Shelly, Jennifer Campbell, Ollie Rivers, Microsoft Expression Web 3: Complete (page 262)
When creating a font
family, first decide whether to use all serif or all sans-serif fonts, then choose two or three fonts of that type [… ]
( countable , music ) A group of instruments having the same basic method of tone production.
the brass family; the violin family
( countable , linguistics ) A group of languages believed to have descended from the same ancestral language.
the Indo-European language family; the Afro-Asiatic language family
The dog was kept as a family pet.
For Apocynaceae, this type of flower is a family characteristic.
2013 June 14, Jonathan Freedland, “ Obama's once hip brand is now tainted”, in , volume 189, number 1, page 18: The Guardian Weekly
Now we are liberal with our innermost secrets, spraying them into the public ether with a generosity our forebears could not have imagined. Where we once sent love letters in a sealed envelope, or stuck photographs of our children in a family album, now such private material is despatched to servers and clouds operated by people we don't know and will never meet.
Usage notes [ edit ]
In some dialects,
family is used as a plurale tantum.
Synonyms [ edit ]
Hyponyms [ edit ]
Translations [ edit ]
rank in a taxonomic classification, above both genus and species
music: a group of instrument having the same basic method of tone production
linguistics: a group of languages believed to have descended from the same ancestral language
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
Translations to be checked
, (please verify) buxa (please verify) daala Ainu:
(please verify) ツ゚ヨ Akkadian:
, (please verify) illatu , (please verify) imrû , (please verify) kimtu , (please verify) līmu (please verify) salātu Alabama:
(please verify) imalahkaha Alsatian:
, (please verify) Fàmelia (please verify) Verwàntschàft Archi:
(please verify) ха́ли Avar:
, (please verify) очахъ ( očaq̄ ) (please verify) хъизан ( q̄izan ) Aymara:
, (please verify) utakuña (please verify) utapacha Danish:
, (please verify) bofællesskab , (please verify) kollektiv (please verify) familie Indonesian:
, (please verify) keluarga (id) (please verify) famili (id) Italian:
(please verify) famiglia Japanese:
(please verify) 仲間 ( nakama ) Kurdish:
(please verify) malbat f Latin:
(please verify) familia (la) f
(please verify) šeima (lt) f Malayalam:
(please verify) കുടുംബം ( kuṭuṃbaṃ ) Persian:
/ (please verify) خاندان (fa) ( xandan ) , (please verify) خاندان ( khândân ) , (please verify) فامیل (fa) ( famil ) , (please verify) همنژادان ( hamnažâdân ) , (please verify) هموندان ( hamvandân ) (please verify) اعضا ( azâ ) Romanian:
(please verify) familie (ro) f Slovak:
(please verify) rodina f Swedish:
, (please verify) släkt (sv) , (please verify) släktskap (sv) (please verify) ätt (sv) Telugu:
, (please verify) కుటుంబం (te) ( kuṭuṃbaṃ ) , (please verify) సహజీనవం ( sahajīnavaṃ ) , (please verify) ఒకే జాతి ( okē jāti ) (please verify) సంఘము ( saṃghamu ) Thai:
, (please verify) ครอบครัว ( krob-krua ) , (please verify) ญาติ ( yart ) (please verify) พี่น้อง ( pee-nong ) Turkish:
, (please verify) aile (tr) (please verify) akraba (tr)
Adjective [ edit ]
family ( not ) comparable
Suitable for children and adults.
It's not good for a date, it's a family restaurant.
Some animated movies are not just for kids, they are family movies. Conservative, traditional.
The cultural struggle is for the survival of family values against all manner of atheistic amorality.
( slang ) Homosexual.
I knew he was family when I first met him.
Translations [ edit ]
suitable for children and adults
Derived terms [ edit ]
Terms derived from the noun or adjective
Related terms [ edit ]
See also [ edit ]
Statistics [ edit ]
External links [ edit ]
family in , G. & C. Merriam, 1913 Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary
family in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911
on Wikipedia. family Wikipedia “
family”, in Dictionary.com Unabridged, Dictionary.com, LLC, 1995–. “
family” in Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, Merriam-Webster Online.