family

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See Wiktionary:Families for a guide to language families within Wiktionary

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
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Etymology[edit]

A family (sense 1) in Tanzania

From Early Modern English familie (not in Middle English), from Latin familia (the servants in a household, domestics collectively), from famulus (servant) or famula (female servant).

Doublet of familia. Displaced native Old English hīred.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

family (countable and uncountable, plural families)

  1. (countable) A group of people who are closely related to one another (by blood, marriage or adoption); kin; in particular, a set of parents and their children; an immediate family.
    Our family lives in town.
    This is a family restaurant, stop making out!
    • 1892, Walter Besant, “Prologue: Who is Edmund Gray?”, in The Ivory Gate [], New York, N.Y.: Harper & Brothers, [], OCLC 16832619:
      Such a scandal as the prosecution of a brother for forgery—with a verdict of guilty—is a most truly horrible, deplorable, fatal thing. It takes the respectability out of a family perhaps at a critical moment, when the family is just assuming the robes of respectability: [] it is a black spot which all the soaps ever advertised could never wash off.
    • 2013 June 1, “Towards the end of poverty”, in The Economist[1], volume 407, number 8838, page 11:
      America’s poverty line is $63 a day for a family of four. In the richer parts of the emerging world $4 a day is the poverty barrier. But poverty’s scourge is fiercest below $1.25 ([…]): people below that level live lives that are poor, nasty, brutish and short.
    • 2018 May 6, “Rudy Giuliani”, in Last Week Tonight with John Oliver, season 5, episode 10, HBO:
      They’re both New Yorkers coasting on their reputations, they’ve both had three marriages, neither of them can shut up when in front of a camera, and perhaps most importantly, they both want to fuck Ivanka, which-which is weird for Trump because Ivanka is in his family, and it’s weird for Giuliani because she isn’t.
  2. (countable) An extended family: a group of people who are related to one another by blood or marriage.
    • 1915, William T. Groves, A History and Genealogy of the Groves Family in America
  3. (countable) A nuclear family: a mother and father who are married and cohabiting and their child or children.
    The cultural struggle is for the survival of family values against all manner of atheistic amorality.
    We must preserve the family unit if we want to save civilisation!
  4. (uncountable) Members of one's family collectively.
    I have a lot of family in Australia.
    He has a sister, but no other family.
  5. (countable) A (close-knit) group of people related by blood, friendship, marriage, law, or custom, especially if they live or work together.
    crime family, Mafia family
    This is my fraternity family at the university.
    Our company is one big happy family.
  6. (uncountable) Lineage, especially honorable or noble lineage.
    • 1852 March – 1853 September, Charles Dickens, chapter 2, in Bleak House, London: Bradbury and Evans, [], published 1853, OCLC 999756093:
      Indeed, he married her for love. A whisper still goes about that she had not even 'family'; howbeit, Sir Leicester had so much family that perhaps he had enough and could dispense with any more.
  7. (countable, biology, taxonomy) A category in the classification of organisms, ranking below order and above genus; a taxon at that rank.
    Synonym: familia
    Magnolias belong to the family Magnoliaceae.
    • 1992, Rudolf M[athias] Schuster, The Hepaticae and Anthocerotae of North America: East of the Hundredth Meridian, volume V, New York, N.Y.: Columbia University Press, →ISBN, page 4:
      The closest affinities of the Jubulaceae are with the Lejeuneaceae. The two families share in common: a elaters usually 1-spiral, trumpet-shaped and fixed to the capsule valves, distally [].
  8. (countable) Any group or aggregation of things classed together as kindred or related from possessing in common characteristics which distinguish them from other things of the same order.
    Doliracetam is a drug from the racetam family.
    • 2010, Gary Shelly, Jennifer Campbell, Ollie Rivers, Microsoft Expression Web 3: Complete (page 262)
      When creating a font family, first decide whether to use all serif or all sans-serif fonts, then choose two or three fonts of that type []
  9. (set theory, countable) A collection of sets, especially of subsets of a given set.
    Let be a family of subsets over .
  10. (countable, music) A group of instruments having the same basic method of tone production.
    the brass family;  the violin family
  11. (countable, linguistics) A group of languages believed to have descended from the same ancestral language.
    the Indo-European language family;  the Afroasiatic language family

Usage notes[edit]

  • In some dialects, family is used as a plural (only) noun.

Synonyms[edit]

Hyponyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Jamaican Creole: faambli, fambili
  • Tok Pisin: famili
  • Chuukese: famini
  • Malay: famili
  • Maori: whāmere

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Adjective[edit]

family (not comparable)

  1. Suitable for children and adults.
    It's not good for a date, it's a family restaurant.
    Some animated movies are not just for kids, they are family movies.
  2. (slang) Homosexual.
    I knew he was family when I first met him.

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • family at OneLook Dictionary Search
  • family”, in Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary
  • family”, in Dictionary.com Unabridged, Dictionary.com, LLC, 1995–present.
  • family in Keywords for Today: A 21st Century Vocabulary, edited by The Keywords Project, Colin MacCabe, Holly Yanacek, 2018.
  • "family" in Raymond Williams, Keywords (revised), 1983, Fontana Press, page 1.
  • family in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911
  • family in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913

Further reading[edit]