familia

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See also: Familia and família

Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin familia.

Noun[edit]

familia

  1. (taxonomy) A rank in a taxonomic classification, above both genus and species.
  2. (taxonomy) A taxon at this rank.

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin familia (family)

Noun[edit]

familia (plural familiae)

  1. (Roman law) The paterfamilias, his legitimate descendants and their wives, and all persons adopted into his family and their wives.
  2. (historical) A household or religious community under one head, regarded as a unit.

Asturian[edit]

Asturian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ast

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin familia.

Noun[edit]

familia f (plural families)

  1. family

Eastern Huasteca Nahuatl[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Spanish familia.

Noun[edit]

familia

  1. family.

Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From familio (family) +‎ -a (suffix indicating an adjective).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /famiˈlia/
  • Hyphenation: fa‧mi‧li‧a
  • Rhymes: -ia

Adjective[edit]

familia (accusative singular familian, plural familiaj, accusative plural familiajn)

  1. familial; family (attributively)

Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin familia.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

familia f (plural familias)

  1. family

Ingrian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Russian фамилия (familija).

Noun[edit]

familia (genitive familian, partitive familiaa)

  1. surname, last name

Interlingua[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

familia (plural familias)

  1. family

Ladin[edit]

Noun[edit]

familia f (plural families)

  1. family

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *famulia, from famulus (servant, slave) (with i < u due to l-exilis, i.e. l before i).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

familia f (genitive familiae); first declension

  1. family (various senses, see usage notes)
    • Vulgate, Gen. 10, 32.
      Hae familiae Noe iuxta populos et nationes suas. Ab his divisae sunt gentes in terra post diluvium.
      These are the families of Noah, according to their peoples and nations. From these are the tribes apportioned in the world after the deluge.
  2. household
    Synonym: domus

Usage notes[edit]

According to Richard Saller, “[f]amilia was never used to mean ‘father, mother and children’ in our sense of ‘family’ today. It did have a technical, legal usage akin to ‘family’, but in common parlance most often meant ‘slave staff’, exclusive of the master's family.... The usual word for ‘family’ in the classical period was domus, which carried the general sense of ‘household’ including domestic slaves.” Saller, Richard, Slavery and the Roman Family, in Finley, Moses I., ed., Classical Slavery (London: Frank Cass, cloth 1987 & 2000 (same ed.), reprinted 1999 →ISBN, p. 84.

Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative familia familiae
Genitive familiae familiārum
Dative familiae familiīs
Accusative familiam familiās
Ablative familiā familiīs
Vocative familia familiae

The older genitive singular familiās is preserved in the term pater familiās and also occurs after filius, mater, and filia.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Borrowings

References[edit]

  • familia in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • familia in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • familia in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • familia in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • a sect, school of thought: schola, disciplina, familia; secta
    • a theatrical company: familia, grex, caterva histrionum
    • a band, troupe of gladiators under the management of a lanista: familia gladiatoria (Sest. 64. 134)
  • familia in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • familia in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

Leonese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

familia f (plural familias)

  1. family

References[edit]


Mòcheno[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Italian famiglia, from Latin familia (family; household).

Noun[edit]

familia f

  1. family

References[edit]


Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology[edit]

From Latin familia.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

familia f (diminutive familijka)

  1. (dated) family
    Synonym: rodzina

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • familia in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • familia in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese[edit]

Noun[edit]

familia f (plural familias)

  1. Obsolete spelling of família

Romanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

familia f

  1. definite singular nominative/accusative of familie

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin familia.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

familia f (plural familias)

  1. family (nuclear family)
  2. family (grouping of things possessing common characteristics)

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Swahili[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin familia.

Noun[edit]

familia (n class, plural familia)

  1. family
  2. (taxonomy) family