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Borrowed from Latin domus. Doublet of dome.



  1. (anthropology, archaeology) A farmstead with its people, plants and animals, considered as a unit.
    • 2017, James C Scott, chapter 2, in Against the Grain, New Haven and London: Yale University, →ISBN, page 73:
      The domus was a unique and unprecedented concentration of tilled fields, seed and graain stores, people, and domestic animals, all coevolving with consequences no one could possibly have foreseen.
  2. (dated) In the UK a college (or collectively its fellows) in Cambridge or Oxford



English Wikipedia has an article on:


From Proto-Italic *domos, from Proto-Indo-European *dṓm (house, home), from root *dem- (to build). Cognates include Ancient Greek δόμος (dómos), Albanian dhomë (a chamber, a room), Avestan 𐬨𐬀𐬛(dam-) Sanskrit दम (dáma) and Proto-Slavic *domъ. The same Proto-Indo-European root also gave Old English timber (building, act of building); see modern English timber.



domus f (irregular, variously declined, genitive domūs or domī); fourth declension, second declension

  1. house, home
    Synonyms: aedēs, casa, domicilium, habitātiō, mānsiō, sēdēs, tēctum
    Hypernyms: aedificium, cōnstrūctiō
    Hyponyms: domuncula, tugurium
  2. (poetic) any building or abode
    Synonyms: aedificium, cōnstructiō
  3. native place, one's country or home (confer patria)
  4. household, family, race
  5. (in locative case in phrases) peace
    Bellī domīque.
    In war and peace.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Domus is one of a handful of common nouns that take the locative case; others are rus and humus. It is irregular in that it has a mix of second and fourth declension forms, the second declension forms being more commonly used in place constructions.


Fourth/second-declension noun, with locative.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative domus domūs
Genitive domūs
Dative domuī
Accusative domum domūs
Ablative domū
Vocative domus domūs
Locative domī domibus
  • At least in later Latin, the most common declension is as follows:
domus, domūs, domuī, domum, domō — domūs, domōrum, domibus, domōs, domibus.

Derived terms[edit]

  • dominus
  • domesticus
  • domuitiō
  • domuncula
  • domus equestris
  • domī (at home, in the house, adverbial form)
  • domī habeō (I have at home, I have in abundance, I am provided with, colloquial)
  • domum (home, homewards, to the house, adverbial form)
  • domō (from home, out of the house; at home, in the house, adverbial form)
  • extrā domum (placed outside of the house; refers to a possible result of Catholic ecclesiastical legal proceedings when the culprit is removed from being part of a group like a monastery)
  • prō domō (for one’s own home or house; serving the interests of a given perspective or for the benefit of a given group)


  • Italian: duomo (cathedral)
    • French: dôme (dome)
      • German: Dom (cathedral)
  • Piedmontese: dòm/dom
  • Sardinian: domu, dommu
  • Sicilian: domu
  • Swedish: dom (dome)

See also[edit]


  • domus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • domus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • domus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • domus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette, page 555
  • domus in Georges, Karl Ernst; Georges, Heinrich (1913) Ausführliches lateinisch-deutsches Handwörterbuch, Hahnsche, page 2285
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • a comfortably-furnished house: domus necessariis rebus instructa
    • the house threatens to fall in (vid. sect. X. 5, note 'Threaten'...): domus ruina impendet
    • the house threatens to fall in (vid. sect. X. 5, note 'Threaten'...): domus collapsura, corruitura (esse) videtur
    • the house suddenly fell in ruins: domus subita ruina collapsa est
    • to demolish, raze a house: domum demoliri (Top. 4. 22)
    • the house is not large enough for all: domus non omnes capit (χωρειν)
    • to be a regular visitor at a house: domum frequentare (Sall. Cat. 14. 7)
    • the house walls are beginning to crack: domus rimas agit
    • (ambiguous) to welcome to one's house (opp. to shut one's door against some one): tecto, (in) domum suam aliquem recipere (opp. prohibere aliquem tecto, domo)
    • to welcome a man as a guest in one's house: hospitio aliquem accipere or excipere (domum ad se)
    • I am always welcome at his house: domus patet, aperta est mihi
    • (ambiguous) to invite some one to one's house: invitare aliquem tecto ac domo or domum suam (Liv. 3. 14. 5)
    • to give, undertake a contract for building a house: domum aedificandam locare, conducere
    • (ambiguous) to rush out of the house: se proripere ex domo
    • (ambiguous) I felt quite at home in his house: apud eum sic fui tamquam domi meae (Fam. 13. 69)
    • (ambiguous) to welcome to one's house (opp. to shut one's door against some one): tecto, (in) domum suam aliquem recipere (opp. prohibere aliquem tecto, domo)
    • (ambiguous) to never set foot out of doors: domo pedem non efferre
    • (ambiguous) to never appear in public: domi se tenere
    • (ambiguous) to escort a person from his house: deducere aliquem de domo
    • (ambiguous) at home; in one's native country: domi (opp. foris)
    • (ambiguous) to turn a person out of his house, his property: expellere aliquem domo, possessionibus pellere
    • (ambiguous) to live in some one's house: habitare in domo alicuius, apud aliquem (Acad. 2. 36. 115)
    • (ambiguous) to emigrate: domo emigrare (B. G. 1. 31)
    • (ambiguous) homeless: domo profugus (Liv. 1. 1)
    • (ambiguous) to invite some one to one's house: invitare aliquem tecto ac domo or domum suam (Liv. 3. 14. 5)
  • domus in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • domus in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin





  1. predicative plural of dom