domus

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Latin[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

PIE root
*dem-

From Proto-Italic *domos, from Proto-Indo-European *dṓm ‎(house, home), from root *dem- ‎(to build). Cognates include Ancient Greek δόμος ‎(dómos), Albanian dhomë ‎(a chamber, a room), Avestan 𐬨𐬀𐬛 ‎(dam-) Sanskrit दम ‎(dáma) and Proto-Slavic *domъ. The same Proto-Indo-European root also gave Old English timber ‎(building, act of building); see modern English timber.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

domus f ‎(variously declined, genitive domūs or domī); fourth declension, second declension

  1. house, home
  2. (poetic) any building or abode
  3. native place, one's country or home (confer patria)
  4. household, family, race

Usage notes[edit]

  • Domus is one of three common nouns that take the locative case, the other two being rus and humus. It is irregular in that it has a mix of second and fourth declension forms, the second declension forms being more commonly used in place constructions.

Declension[edit]

Fourth declension with locative, some alternative forms from the second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative domus domūs
genitive domūs
domī
domuum
domōrum
dative domuī
domō
domū
domibus
accusative domum domūs
domōs
ablative domū
domō
domibus
vocative domus domūs
locative domī

Derived terms[edit]

  • domesticus
  • domuitiō
  • domuncula
  • domus equestris
  • domī ‎(at home, in the house, adverbial form)
  • domī habeō ‎(I have at home, I have in abundance, I am provided with, colloquial)
  • domum ‎(home, homewards, to the house, adverbial form)
  • domō ‎(from home, out of the house; at home, in the house, adverbial form)
  • extrā domum ‎(placed outside of the house; refers to a possible result of Catholic ecclesiastical legal proceedings when the culprit is removed from being part of a group like a monastery)
  • prō domō ‎(for one’s own home or house; serving the interests of a given perspective or for the benefit of a given group)

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • domus” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.

Volapük[edit]

Noun[edit]

domus

  1. predicative plural of dom